ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਗਰੰਥ ਦਰਪਨ । ਟੀਕਾਕਾਰ: ਪ੍ਰੋਫੈਸਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਸਿੰਘ

Page 488, Extra text

du-byVI l`qW

ieMgilsqwn dy jgq-pRis`D nwtk-kwr SYikspIAr ny iek nwtk ‘vYronw dy do swaU’ ivc iek AmIr mnu`K, iek hor AmIr mnu`K dy nOkr nwl g`lW krdw ivKwieAw hY [ AmIr aus nOkr ƒ koeI g`l smJw irhw sI, pr iqMn cwr vwrI smJwieAW BI, nOkr ƒ smJ nw pY skI [ AmIr kuJ iC`Qw pY ky aus ƒ AwKx l`gw—‘qUM bhuqw hI mUrK hYN ik ies swdw ijhI g`l ƒ BI smJ nhIN sikAw [ vyK, ies g`l ƒ qW myry h`Q ivc PiVAw ieh inrijMd sotw BI smJ igAw hY [’ A`goN nOkr ny rqw ku muskrw ky AwiKAw—‘hzUr, gu`sy nw hovy; myry ivc qy quhwfy soty ivc bVw &rk hY [ ieh sotw quhwfy v`s ivc hY, pr mYN quhwfy ADIn nhIN hW, myrw mn Awzwd hY [’

cwhy koeI swDwrn qoN swDwrn dunIAwvI ksb hovy qy cwhy bRhm-igAwn dI koeI au~cI qoN au~cI Awqm-aufwrI dI guMJl hovy, jdoN BI AsW iksy isAwxy qoN kuJ is`Kxw hovy, hr smy ieko hI sunihrI nym mMnxw pYNdw hY ik is`iKAw-dwqy auqy pUrw ieqbwr hovy [ jdoN BI is`Kx vwly ƒ Awpxy ausqwd dI Akl-isAwxp au~qy S`k pYxw SurU ho jwey qW ausqwd-Sigrd vwlw qy gur-is`K vwlw nwqw folx l`g pYNdw hY [ kihMdy hn, rwjw jnk ny Awpxy rwj ivc ieh FMforw idvw id`qw ik ‘mYƒ iksy AYsy gurU dI loV hY, jo mYƒ ieqny icr ivc igAwn dyvy, ijqny icr ivc ie`k mnu`K k`sy hoey GoVy dI iek rkwb ivc pYr r`K ky, plwkI mwr ky GoVy qy svwr ho jWdw hY [’ irSI AStwv`kr AwieAw [ rwjy ny kswey hoey GoVy dI rkwb ivc pYr r`iKAw, plwkI mwrn hI l`gw sI, irSI ny AwiKAw—‘rwjn! mn myry hvwly kr dyh [’

ienswnI jIvn dw ieh nym sdw leI At`l hY [ jIvn-pMD ivc keI guMJlW hn, keI Tyfy l`gdy hn, kdm kdm qy swƒ AgvweI dI loV pYNdI hY qy aus AgvweI qoN AsI qdoN hI shI rsqw l`B skdy hW jy swƒ Awpxy AwgU au~qy pUrw XkIn hovy [

gurduAwirAW ivc hr roz sqsMg ip`CoN hyT-iliKAw dohrw pVHn dw Awm irvwj hY:

gurU gRMQ kau mwnIXO, prgt gurW kI dyh ]

jo pRB kau imilbo chY, Koj Sbd mih lyh ]

hY BI TIk [ srIrk qOr qy swQ sdw nhIN inB skdy [ bwxI hI hY jo sdw sWB ky r`KI jw skdI hY qy sdw leI jIvn-rwh ivc cwnx dyNdI hY [ gurU nwnk pwiqSwh dy nwm-lyvw is`K ny, jy gurU nwnk gurU goibMd isMG jI dy d`sy rwh qy qurnw hY qW aus dy pws siqgurU dI bwxI hY, jo jIvn-pMD dy hnyirAW ivc cwnx dy skdI hY, jo rwh dy TyifAW qoN bcw skdI hY [ qweIeyN klgIDr pwiqSwh srIrk gurU dI AgvweI vwlw islislw bMd krn vyly ^wlsy ƒ sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dI AgvweI ivc qurn dw hukm dy gey sn [

AsW gurU gRMQ swihb au~qy pUrn SrDw r`KxI hY [ SrDwvwn is`K ƒ Awpxy gurU ivc iksy aukweI dw S`k nhIN pY skdw, gurU ivc koeI koJ nhIN id`s skdw [ gurU cwhy srIrk rUp ivc hY, cwhy bwxI-rUp ivc hY, gurU sdw pUrn hY, ABu`l hY; jIvn-pMD dy jo nym gurU d`sdw hY, auh sdw leI At`l huMdy hn [

AsI jdoN sRI gurU gRMQ swihb A`gy isr invWdy hW qW iesy SrDw nwl invWdy hW ik swfw gurU, bwxI-srUp swfw gurU pUrn hY, ABu`l hY [ ies gurU ivc ikqy BI koeI in`kw ijhw BI AYsw AMg nhIN hY, ijs ƒ koJw ikhw jw sky, ijs ƒ aUxw ikhw jw sky, ijs ƒ aukweI ikhw jw sky [ gurU Arjn swihb ny swrI bwxI iek bIV ivc ilAw ky ikqy Aijhw not nhIN iliKAw ik ies bIV-gurU ivc, ikqy koeI ivroDqw hY [ klgIDr pwiqSwh jI ny BI koeI AYsw hukm nhIN sI kIqw [

pr A`j AsI gurU gRMQ swihb bwry Ajb ASrDw-jnk i^Awl sux rhy hW [ ikqy koeI ivdvwn iksy Sbd dy nwl koeI AYsI swKI joV ky suxWdw hY, jo swfy hux dy jIvn ƒ koeI rwh nhIN ivKw skdI [ gurU nwnk pwiqSwh dw nwm-lyvw is`K A`goN hYrwn huMdw hY ik kI iPr ieh Sbd, swfy hux dy jIvn vwsqy nhIN irhw? kI sihjy sihjy keI AYsy hor Sbd BI inkldy Awauxgy, ijnHW nwl juVIAW swKIAW auhnW ƒ mnu`Kw jIvn nwl AFukvW bxw dyxgIAW? ikqy koeI ivdvwn AwKdw hY ik keI QweIN BgqW dy id`qy i^Awl gurmiq dy nwl nhIN imldy sn, qW siqgurU jI ny auhnW nwl Awpxw i^Awl BI dy id`qw hY [

ieh AYsIAW ^qr-nwk auKyVW hn, jo swDwrn jwpdIAW hn; pr Asl ivc by-mlUmy ijhy is`K dI SrDw dy p`qry au~qy in`kw ijhw cIr pw dyNdIAW hn [ keI hor hor S`k rlxy SurU ho jWdy hn qy vDdy vDdy SrDw qoN dUr pryfy lY jWdy hn [

gurU auh hY ijs ivc ikqy kdy aukweI nhIN [ gurU auh hY jo swfy rozwnw jIvn ivc hr vyly AgvweI krn dy smrQ hY [ gurU nwnk pwiqSwh dy nwm-lyvw vwsqy gurU gRMQ swihb gurU nwnk jI dw srUp hY, ABu`l srUp hY, aukweI-rihq srUp hY [ ies dw koeI ie`k BI AYsw AMg nhIN, ie`k BI AYsw Sbd nhIN jo rihMdI dunIAw qk is`K dy jIvn ivc vrqx-jog n rhy [ jy is`K ny gurU gRMQ swihb ƒ gurU mMnxw hY, qW iesy Skl ivc mMnxw hY, isr& iesy Skl ivc mMnxw hY [ ieh nhIN ho skdw ik m`Qw BI tyky qy ieh BI AwKdw jwey ik ies ivc keI QW ivroDI i^Awl BI imldy hn, qy keI Sbd AYsy hn jo hux dy jIvn nwl myl nhIN Kw skdy [ ies ƒ SrDw nhIN ikhw jw skdw, ieh qW:

‘slwmu jbwbu dovY kry, muFhu GuQw jwie ]

nwnk dovY kUVIAw, Qwie n kweI pwie ]’

motI g`l, gurU gRMQ swihb ivc cwhy koeI Sbd iksy Bgq jI dw hY qy cwhy gur-ivAkqI dw, hryk Sbd rihMdI dunIAw qk ienswnI jIvn leI cwnx dyx dy smr`Q rhygw, qy ikqy BI koeI ivroDI i^Awl nhIN hn [

jo is`K gurU gRMQ swihb ƒ gurU BI mMndw hY qy aupr ilKy dovyN tply BI Kw jWdw hY, auh Asl ivc do byVIAW ivc svwr ho ky jIvn-ndI ivcoN dI qrn dw jqn krdw hY [

sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc Bgq-bwxI ikvyN drj hoeI?

ASrDw-jnk i^Awl:

gurbwxI dy keI tIkwkwr ivdvwnW ny Bgq-bwxI bwry AYsy AjIb AjIb i^Awl dyxy SurU kIqy hoey sn, ijnHW ƒ mMnx leI soc-Akl auqy qkVw dbwau pwxw pYNdw sI [ swry hI SrDwlU Aijhy nhIN ho skdy jo hr g`ly siq-bcn AwKI jwx [ SrDw vwilAW dI ieh SrDw BI hY ik gurU gRMQ swihb swfw gurU hY, dIn qy dunIAw ivc swƒ rwh d`sx vwlw hY, ies iv`c hryk Sbd AYsw hY jo swfy rozwnw jIvn ivc FukvW-PbvW hY [ pr jdoN iehnW ivdvwn tIkwkwrW dy i^Awl pVHIdy hn, qW Akl c`kr ijhw Kw jWdI hY [ pMifq qwrw isMG jI kOm ivc bVy pRis`D ivdvwn mMny jWdy hn [ auh ilK gey hn ik BgqW dI swrI bwxI gurU Arjn swihb ny BgqW dy nwm hyT Awp hI aucwrI hoeI hY [ Boly-pn ivc ikqnw Bwrw dUSx lwieAw igAw hY, gurU pwiqSwh auqy! AM\wx ilKwrI BI jwxdw hY ik ieh ie^lwkI jurm hY [ pr Sukr hY ik pMifq jI dI ies mnOq ƒ bwxI dI AMdrlI gvwhI ny hI JuTlw id`qw hY [ kbIr Aqy &rId jI dy keI Slok AYsy hn jo gurU Amrdws jI dy pws mOjUd sn, Aqy ijnHW dy nwl qIjy pwiqSwh jI ny Awpxy vloN kuJ FukvyN i^Awl pyS kIqy sn [ pMifq qwrw isMG jI qoN ip`CoN keI hor ivdvwnW ny BI Awpo AwpxI vwrI BgqW dy keI SbdW bwry i^Awl il`K id`qy hn, jo SrDwvwn dI SrDw ƒ bVI BwrI s`t mwrdy hn [ nwmdyv jI dy keI Sbd mUrqI-pUjw dy h`k ivc hn, kbIr jI dy keI Sbd pRwxwXwm qy jog-A`iBAws dy h`k ivc hn, &rId jI dy keI Slok d`sdy hn ik bwbw jI pu`Ty ltk ky qp krdy sn Aqy auhnW Awpxy p`ly kwT dI rotI b`DI hoeI sI—iehnW ivdvwnW dw AijhIAW g`lW ilK dyxw koeI CotI-motI g`l nhIN hY [ gurU gRMQ swihb pUrn ABu`l qy aukweI-rihq gurU mMnx vwly is`KW dI SrDw ƒ iehnW ivdvwnW ny qoV ky r`K id`qw [ ie`Qy hI b`s nhIN kIqI geI [ BgqW dy keI SbdW dy nwl AYsIAW AYsIAW swKIAW joVIAW geIAW hn, jo mnu`Kw jIvn dy pMD ivc koeI suc`jw rwh nhIN ivKw skdIAW [ iehnW ivdvwnW ny AYsI lIh pw id`qI hY ik iehnW swKIAW qoN suqMqr ho ky pwTk s`jx iehnW SbdW ƒ pVHnw-ivcwrnw Bulw hI bYTy hn [ so, pVHdy BI hn qy foldy BI hn [ kbIr jI dw AwpxI vhutI nwl gu`sy ho jwxw, nwmdyv jI dw ivgwry PiVAw jwxw—ieh do auhnW ivcoN pRis`D swKIAW hn [

iehnW dw Asr:

ieh ASrDw-jnk i^Awl qy jIvn nwl AFukvIAW ieh swKIAW Aw^r Awpxw Pl dyx l`g peIAW [ pihlW Bgq-bwxI dy ivru`D AMdro-AMdr Gusr-musr huMdI rhI, qy hux Ku`lHm-Ku`lHw ies dy ivru`D Avwz auTweI jw rhI hY qy AwiKAw jw irhw hY ik BgqW dI bwxI gurU Arjn swihb dI ShIdI qoN ip`CoN gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj kIqI geI sI [ Aijhy s`jxW dI nIAq auqy S`k nhIN kIqw jw skdw [ gurU nwnk pwiqSwh dy jo nwm-lyvw is`K gurU gRMQ swihb ƒ s`c-mu`c Awpxw gurU mMndy hn, auhnW dI ieh SrDw hY, qy, hoxI BI cwhIdI hY ik gurU gRMQ swihb dw hryk Sbd swfy jIvn-pMD ivc cwnx dw kMm dyNdw hY [ gurU nwnk swihb ny Awp BI &urmwieAw hY:

‘gur vwku inrmlu sdw cwnxu, inq swcu qIrQ mjnw ]’ {DnwsrI CMq m: 1

pr jy gurU gRMQ swihb ivc koeI AYsw Sbd BI mOjUd hY jo mUrqI-pUjw, pRwxwXwm, jog-A`iBAws dI prsMsw krdw hY, qW kI AsW BI ieh swry kMm krny hn? jy nhIN krny, qW ieh Sbd ieQy drj ikauN hoey? pr sB qoN v`fI g`l ieh hY ik jy ieh Sbd mUrqI-pUjw Awidk dy h`k ivc hn, qy jy iehnW ƒ gurU Arjn swihb ny Awp hI drj kIqw sI, qW drj krn vyly auhnW is`KW ƒ sucyq krn vwsqy ieh ikauN nw ilK id`qw ik ieh Sbd is`KW vwsqy nhIN hn [ AFukvIAW swKIAW bwry BI auhI AOkV hY [ Gr ivc iksy g`loN kbIr jI AwpxI vhutI qy gu`sy ho gey, vhutI ny mnwx leI bVy qrly ley [ kbIr jI ny iPr BI iehI au~qr id`qw:

‘khq kbIr sunhu ry loeI ] Ab qumrI prqIq n hoeI ]’ {Awsw

ikhVw Gr hY ijQy kdy n kdy vhutI Ksm ivc mwVI-motI iP`k qy nrwzgI nhIN bx jWdI? pMjwbI AKwx hY ik Gr ivc BWfy BI Tihk pYNdy hn [ pr kI kbIr jI dy Sbd qoN ieh is`iKAw imldI hY ik jy kdy vhutI nwl iksy g`loN mwVI ijhI Ax-bx ho jwey, qW aus ƒ iehI AwKxw hY, ‘Ab qumrI prqIq n hoeI’? jy nhIN, qW kI ieh Sbd inrw pVHn vwsqy hI hY?

nvW DRüvw:

gurU gRMQ swihb Aqy gurU ivc pUrI SrDw r`Kx dy cwhvwn is`KW dy swhmxy AijhIAW keI AOkVW KVIAW huMdIAW geIAW [ Tyfy v`jx l`g pey [ qy, Aw^r keI s`jx ies itkwxy auqy Aw A`pVy ik Bgq-bwxI gurU Arjn swihb qoN ip`CoN drj hoeI sI [ ies tyk nwl auhnW s`jxW ƒ ieh Fwrs qW ho geI ik hux auh ijs bwxI ƒ gurU mMn rhy hn auh ABu`l hY, aus ivc koeI aukweI nhIN, aus ivc ikqy koeI ivroDqw nhIN, aus dw hryk Sbd mnu`Kw jIvn leI cwnx-munwry dw kMm krdw hY qy kr skdw hY [

nvIN swKI:

pr ies tyk auqy itkwxw BI koeI sOKI Kyf nhIN sI [ iek hor AOkV swhmxy Aw KloqI [ gurU Arjn swihb qoN ipCoN Bgq-bwxI iks ny drj kr leI? ikvyN drj kr leI? gurU gRMQ swihb dI bIV sRI hirmMdr swihb ivcoN ikvyN lWBy kIqI geI? iksy ieiqhwsk swKI dI loV sI [ qy, ieauN jwpdw hY ik ieh Gwt BI iek nvIN GVI swKI dI rwhIN pUrI kr leI geI hY [ Bgq bwxI dy ivroDI iek s`jx ilKdy hn:

“pMcm gurU jI Shwdq pw gey Aqy ‘poQI swihb’ ƒ SwhI hukm-Anuswr zbq (kwƒn ivru`D) krwr id`qw igAw, poQI swihb dw pVHnw (pwT) Aqy prcwr krnw mmnUh Tihrw id`qw [ ipRQI cMd Aqy ies dy swQI AQvw gurU-Gr qoN Cyky hoey cwhuMdy BI ieho sn [ cunWic auh mOkw cMgw jwx ky bwdSwh jgWgIr pws kSmIr gey, jw ky swrI pozISn zwhr kr id`qI ik gurU Arjn swihb dw swihbzwdw sRI hirgoibMd Awpxy bwp dy kql dw bdlw lYx dw zrUr Xqn krygw [ ieh BI d`isAw ik auh bVw joDw hY [ Awpxy ipau dI qrHW SWqI dw aupwSk nhIN, sgoN mukwblw krn vwlw hY [ gurU dy is`KW AMdr bVw joS hY, auh bZwvq kr ky qyry q^q qy hmlw krn qk koSS krngy [ AsI qyry pws ies vwsqy Awey hW ik qUM auh poQI swƒ dy dy, AsI aus ivc ieslwmI Srw Aqy ihMdU-mq-mMfx dy Sbd pw idMdy hW, qy is`KW ivc ieh pRwpygMfw krdy hW ik bwdSwh ny ‘poQI swihb’ qoN pwbMdI htw id`qI hY, Aqy Shwdq dw kwrn cMdU vwly GVy ik`sy ƒ izAwdw mh`qqw id`qI jwvygI [

“aukq pYkt jhWgIr Aqy ipRQIey dI pwrtI nwl hoieAw [ ieh smW ^wlsy vwsqy izMdgI mOq dw sI [ jd inrol bwxI AMdr ihMdU muslmwn BgqW, B`tW Aqy fUmW dI rcnw imlw ky ‘siqgurU ibnw hor kcI hY bwxI’ dI aulµGxw kr ky hmySw vwsqy gurbwxI ƒ imlgoBw bwxI bxw id`qw [

“ieh kOqk 1662-64 ib: AMdr vriqAw [ ieh sB kuJ ipRQIey ny AwpxI dukwn-rUpI is`KI ƒ cmkwaux vwsqy Aqy ^wlsy dy prcwr ƒ hmySw vwsqy ^qm krn dI ^wqr kIqw qy hoieAw bwdSwh dy swlwh-mSvry nwl [ iehI kwrn sI ik ipRQIey dI pwrtI ƒ hkUmq vloN koeI qklI& nhIN id`qI geI, sB kst gurU ky is`K hI Bugqdy rhy [ ipRQI cMd vloN pweI geI gVbV ƒ dUr krn leI hI sRI gurU dsmyS jI ƒ BweI mnI isMG jI pwsoN dobwrw inrol gurbwxI pUrq bIV ilKvwxI peI sI [”

nvIN vwk&IAq:

ies aupr-ilKI nvIN swKI ivc swƒ hyT-ilKIAW g`lW d`sIAW geIAW hn:

(1) gurU gRMQ swihb dI bIV jhWgIr ny sRI hirmMdr swihb ivcoN cukvw ky Awpxy kbzy ivc kr leI sI [

(2) bwbw ipRQI cMd jI ny ieh bIV jhWgIr qoN vwps lY ky ies ivc BgqW dI bwxI drj kr id`qI sI [

(3) ipRQI cMd jI ny iPr is`K kOm ivc pRwpygMfw kIqw ik bwdSwh ny ‘poQI swihb’ qoN pwbMdI htw id`qI hY [

swKI ADUrI:

pr ieh nvIN swKI qoV qk inB nhIN skI [ AwE, ivcwrIey [ gurU Arjn swihb ny gurU gRMQ swihb dI bIV sRI hirmMdr swihb ivc AsQwpn krw id`qI sI [ bwbw bu`Fw jI sRI hirmMdr swihb dy pihly gRMQ nIAq hoey sn [ ies nvIN swKI Anuswr siqguru pwiqSwh jI dI ShIdI ipCoN ‘bIV’ sRI hirmMdr swihb ivcoN cukw leI geI sI [ bwbw ipRQI cMd ƒ is`K Drm dy kmzor krn dw mOkw imilAw [ jhWgIr pwsoN ‘bIV’ lY ky auhnW ies ivc ihMdU mq qy ieslwm dy i^AwlW dy Sbd drj krw id`qy, Aqy is`K kOm ivc pRwpygMfw kIqw ik ‘poQI swihb’ qoN bwdSwh ny pwbMdI htw leI [ pr ies pRwpygMfw dw sB qoN CyqI qy vDIAw Asr pYdw krn dw iehI qrIkw ho skdw sI ik ‘bIV’ ijQoN auTweI geI sI, muV auQy hI ilAw ky r`K id`qI jwey [ so, ies swKI Anuswr ieh AMdwzw pwTk ƒ Awp hI lwxw peygw ik ‘bIV’ muV sRI hirmMdr swihb ivc r`K id`qI geI sI [ jy nhIN, qW zbwnI pRwpygMfy dw kIh lwB? bwbw bu`Fw jI gRMQI qW mOjUd hI sn, muV pihly vWg hI ies ‘bIV’ qoN (jo ies nvIN swKI Anuswr imlgoBw ho cukI sI) bwxI dw prcwr SurU ho igAw [ ieh Ajb Kyf hY ik hr roz ies ‘bIV’ dw Awp drSn krn Aqy hornW ƒ krwx vwly bwbw bu`Fw jI ƒ ieh pqw nw l`g sikAw ik ‘bIV’ ivc vwDU ilKq pw id`qI geI hY [ ies ‘bIV’ ƒ ilKx vwly BweI gurdws jI BI Ajy jIaUNdy sn, qy, ieQy AMimRqsr ivc hI rihMdy sn, iehnW ƒ BI pqw nw l`g sikAw [ d`so, ieh g`l ikvyN mMnI jw sky?

jy ies nvIN swKI dy GVnhwr s`jx jI ieh AwKx ik ‘bIV’ ƒ muV sRI hirmMdr swihb ivc nhIN ilAWdw igAw, qW bwbw ipRQI cMd ny hor ikhVw pRwpygMfw kIqw? kI sRI hirmMdr swihb ivc iPr hor koeI ‘bIV’ nhIN ilAWdI geI? kdy is`K-ieiqhws ny ikqy AYsw izkr nhIN kIqw [ jhWgIr ny qozk-jhWgIrI ivc gurU Arjn swihb ƒ qsIhy dy ky mrvwx dw izkr qW kr id`qw hY, pr gurU gRMQ swihb ƒ zbq krn dI aus ny koeI g`l nhIN ilKI [

ies nvIN swKI dy ilKwrI jI iek hor aukweI Kw gey hn [ bwbw ipRQI cMd jI gurU Arjn swihb dy ShId hox qoN iek swl pihlW hI cVHweI kr cuky sn [

iek hor AOkV:

ies swKI auqy SrDw bxwx dy rwh ivc Ajy iek hor AOkV hY [ gurU Arjn swihb dI srIrk mOjUdgI ivc hI ‘bIV’ dy keI auqwry ho cuky sn [ ieh g`l swfy ieh nvyN ieiqhwskwr vIr BI mMndy hn qy ilKdy hn—‘jhWgIr k`tr muqA`sb muslmwn sI [ auh cwhuMdw sI ik Akbr vwlw ‘dIn ielwhI’ dw FONg C`f ky qlvwr nwl ieslwm PYlwieAw jwey [ gurU Arjn swihb jI iqRlokI dy isAwsqdwn Aqy hr qrHW nwl jwxI-jwx sn [ auhnW ny jwixAw ik AgoN smW bVw iBAwnk jMgW ju`DW dw Aw irhw hY, ^wlsw Drm ivsQwrn vwsqy bVy jMg lVny pYxgy, aus vyly bwxI dI sMBwl muSkl ho jwvygI [ ies i^Awl ƒ muK r`K ky mhwrwj ny pihly hI cwr gurU swihbwn Aqy AwpxI bwxI ƒ iek QW ’k`Tw kr ky poQI swihb iqAwr kIqI [ iesy poQI dw prcwr krn vwsqy dUr durwfy auqwry kr ky Byjy gey sn [

ieQy ieh S`k auTdw hY ik jhWgIr ny sRI hirmMdr swihb vwlI ‘bIV’ hI zbq kIqI sI, jW swry auqwry BI zbq kr ley sn [ is`K-Drm dy prcwr ƒ mukwx leI AslI kwrI s`t iehI ho skdI sI ik swrIAW ‘bIVW’ ƒ zbq kIqw hovy [ isr& iek`lI ‘bIV’ dy zbq hoieAW bwkI hor QwvW qoN prcwr ikvyN bMd ho skdw sI? qy, swrIAW ‘bIVW’ dw zbq hoxw is`K-kOm vwsqy qW mhwn prlO dy smwn sI [ swfw ieiqhws ieqny v`fy iBAwnk Bwxy dw ikqy izkr ikauN nw kr sikAw?

ivcwr dw dUjw p`K:

h`Cw, hux ies ivcwr dw dUjw p`K leIey [ &rz kr lau ik bwbw ipRQI cMd jI gurU Arjn swihb dI ShIdI dy ipCoN BI Ajy jIaUNdy sn [ qy, ieh BI mMn lau ik jhWgIr ny gurU gRMQ swihb dI ‘bIV’ zbq kr leI sI [ ieh BI mMn leIey ik bwbw ipRQI cMd ny jgWgIr pwsoN bIV vwps lY ky ies ivc BgqW Awidk dI bwxI drj kr id`qI sI [ pr, jy isr& sRI hirmMdr swihb vwlI ‘bIV’ hI zbq hoeI sI qW bwbw ipRQI cMd BgqW dI bwxI isr& iesy ‘bIV’ ivc drj kr sky hoxgy [ bwkI auqwirAW ivc Bgq-bwxI Awidk ikvyN jw phuMcI? clo, nvIN swKI vwly vIr ƒ ies AOkV ivcoN k`Fx leI ieh BI mMn leIey ik swrIAW ‘bIVW’ hI zbq ho geIAW sn, ipRQI cMd ny sBnW ivc hI Bgq bwxI drj kr id`qI sI [ jhWgIr dy h`k ivc pRwpygMfw krn vwsqy ipRQI cMd jI ny ieh sB ‘bIVW’ Asl itkwixAW qy vwps BI kr id`qIAW hoxgIAW, ikauNik iek pwsy is`KW dw joS m`Tw krnw sI, dUjy pwsy, is`K-kOm ivc ihMdU-mq qy ieslwm PYlwxw sI [ kyhw Ajb kOqk hY ik iksy is`K ƒ pqw nw l`g sikAw ik gurbwxI ivc imlwvt kr id`qI geI hY [ Swied bwdSwh vloN isr& m`Qy tykx dI hI AwigAw imlI hovy, pwT krn vloN Ajy BI vrijAw hoieAw hI hovy [

suK! ieh mMn leIey ik bwbw ipRQI cMd jI sRI hirmMdr swihb vwlI ‘bIV’ ivc Aqy swry auqwirAW ivc kwmXwbI nwl Bgq-bwxI Awidk drj krw sky [ iPr ienHW ƒ auh Asl itkwixAW qy BI Byj sky [ iksy ƒ ieh pqw BI nwh l`g sikAw ik bwxI ivc koeI imlwvt ho geI hY [

imlwvt ikvyN kIqI geI?:

hux A^Ir qy iek g`l ivcwrn vwlI rih geI hY ik ipRQI cMd jI ny Bgq-bwxI iks qrIky nwl ik`Qy drj kIqI [ ies bwry swKI-kwr jI Awp hI ilKdy hn—“Cwpy dIAW bIVW ivc Bgq bwxI gurU mhwrwj dI bwxI qoN bwAd ivc drj hY [ aus dy AMgW dI igxqI BI v`KrI hY [ iksy gurU swihb vloN ‘suD kIcy’ dI sMigAw nhIN id`qI hY [”

so swfy vIr dI Koj Anuswr swrI Bgq-bwxI siqgurU jI dI bwxI qoN ipCoN drj kIqI geI hY [ TIk hY, A^Ir qy hI ho skdI sI [ keI pwTkW ƒ Swied l&z ‘suD kIcy’ dI ivAwiKAw dI loV hovy [ auhnW dI shUlq vwsqy ies bwry QoVHI ku ivcwr pyS krnI zrUrI jwpdI hY [ swrI bwxI rwgW Anuswr vMfI hoeI hY [ hryk rwg ivc pihlW ‘Sbd’, iPr ‘AStpdIAW’ iPr ‘CMq’ Aqy iPr ‘vwr’ hY [ ‘Sbd’, ‘AStpdIAW’ Awidk dI qrqIb BI nym-Anuswr hY, pihlW mhlw pihlw, iPr qIjw, cOQw Aqy pMjvW hY [ keI ‘vwrW’ dy ^qm hox qy l&z ‘suDu’ jW ‘suD kIcy’ AwauNdw hY [ swKI-kwr jI dw Bwv ieh hY ik Bgq-bwxI ‘vwrW’ dy A^Ir qy drj kIqI geI hY [ AwKdy BI TIk hn [ siqgurU jI dy SbdW dy ivckwr qW BgqW dy Sbd drj ho hI nhIN skdy sn, ikauNik gurU swihb ny sB SbdW dI igxqI BI nwlo nwl ilKI hoeI hY [ igxqI ivc &rk ipAW, jW, ihMdsy k`itAW ipRQI cMd jI dw swrw pwj au~GV jwxw sI [ iesy qrHW ‘vwrW’ dy AMdr BI BgqW dy Sbd lukwey nhIN jw skdy sn, ikauNik ‘vwrW’ qW hn hI inry slok Aqy pauVIAW [ so, ipRQI cMd jI ny isAwxp qoN kMm ilAw ik BgqW dy swry Sbd qy Slok gurU mhwrwj jI dI bwxI dy A^Ir qy drj kIqy [ koeI Ajb g`l nhIN ik bwbw bu`Fw jI, BweI gurdws jI Aqy hor s`jxW ny, ijnHW pws bIV dy auqwry sn, ‘vwrW’ qoN AgWh bwkI dy p`qry Pol ky hI nwh vyKy hox, qy ies vwsqy ieh imlwvt lukI rhI [

nvIAW aulJxW:

pr ieqnw kuJ mMn ilAW BI swfy vIr dI swKI isry nhIN cVH skdI [ keI aulJxW pY geIAW hn [ AwE, iek iek kr ky dyKIey [

swKI-kwr s`jx jI ilKdy hn—“ieiqhws dy jwxU cMgI qrHW jwxdy hn ik BweI gurdws jI dy kWSI Awaux qoN pihlW Bgq-rcnw pMjwb AMdr Aw geI sI, qIjy pwiqSwh dy not zwhr krdy hn ik Bgq-rcnw auqy qIjy gurU jI ny tIkw-itpxI kr ky not id`qy [......ieh not hux BI m: 3 dy isrlyK hyTW imldy hn [” &rId jI dy SlokW dw izkr kridAW ieh vIr ilKdw hY—“mOjUdw bIV ivc Awp jI dy cwr Sbd Aqy 130 Slok hn [ keIAW SlokW pr qIjy Aqy pMjvyN gurU jI vloN not BI id`qy gey hn [”

“Aqy, keI QW gurU swihbwn vloN not hoey hn, ijs qoN swbq huMdw hY ik gurU swihbwn ny BgqW dw is`DWq kmzor qy aUxw smiJAw hY [”

lau, hux ies auprlI ilKq ƒ ksv`tI qy prK vyKIey [ siqgurU jI dy ijnHW SlokW bwry swfw vIr izkr krdw hY, auh iqMn iksm dy hn—iek auh ijnHW ivc l&z ‘nwnk’ AwauNdw hY, dUjy auh ijnHW ivc l&z ‘&rId’ imldw hY, qy, qIjy auh ijnHW ivc koeI BI nwm nhIN, ijvyN ik “dwqI swihb sMdIAw ikAw clY iqsu nwil ] ieik jwgMdy nw lhMin ieknw suiqAw dyie auTwil ]” ieh qIjI iksm dy Slok ‘vwrW’ ivc BI drj hn, au~Qy isr-lyK ivc iehnW dy ‘mhly’ dw AMk BI id`qw hoieAw hY [ AsW pihlIAW do iksmW dy SlokW au~qy hI ivcwr krnI hY [ ieh Slok isr& kbIr jI Aqy &rId jI dy SlokW ivc hI drj hn, gurU gRMQ swihb ivc hor ikqy nhIN hn [ iehnW ivcoN dUjI iksm dy SlokW ivcoN nmUny vjoN pVHo hyT iliKAw Slok:

(1) kwie ptolw pwVqI, kMmlVI pihryie ]

 . . nwnk Gr hI bYiTAw shu imlY jy nIAiq rwis kryie ]104]

(a) hux swKI-kwr vIr dI swKI mMnx dy rwh ivc AOkV Aw peI hY ik ieh Slok isr& &rId jI dy SlokW ivc hI drj hY, hor ikqy nhIN [ qy, ieh hY BI &rId jI dy SlokW dy sMbMD ivc hI [ jdoN bwbw ipRQI cMd ny Bgq bwxI ‘bIVW’ dy A^Ir qy drj krweI, qW ieh Slok auhnW ‘bIVW’ dy iksy ih`sy ivcoN ilAw? aus QW qoN imtw ky BgqW dy SlokW ivc ikvyN ilAWdw igAw? ijQoN imtwieAw igAw hY, kI auQy hVqwl iPrI hoeI hY jW isAwhI nwl muMidAw igAw hY? pr aus Asl QW qoN imtwx dI kIh loV peI? jy ieh Slok &rId jI dy iksy i^Awl dy KMfx vwsqy hY, qW bwbw ipRQI cMd ny KMfx ikauN krnw sI? aus ny qW sgoN BulyKy vDwxy sn, ikauNik BulyKy vDwx vwsqy hI ieh swrw au~dm kIqw igAw sI [ Ajy qk koeI BI AYsI ilKqI bIV vyKx ivc nhIN AweI, ijs ivc ieh Slok siqgurU jI dI AwpxI bwxI ivc BI drj hovy [

iehI hwl pihlI iksm dy SlokW bwry hY [ ieh Slok qW sgoN ieh swbq kr rhy hn ik BgqW dI bwxI gurU Amr dws jI pws mOjUd sI, ikauNik auh pRq`K qOr qy &rId jI dw nwm vrq rhy hn [

(A) hux pwTkW dy swhmxy BYrau rwg dy SbdW dI igxqI qy qrqIb r`Kx dI loV peI hY [ ies igxqI qoN pwTk Awpy vyK lYxgy ik swfw vIr ies nvIN swKI dy GVn ivc rqw BI kwmXwb nhIN ho sikAw [ 1430 pMny vwlI ‘bIV’ dy pMnw 1125 qoN SurU kro [ pMnw nµ: 1127 dy A^Ir ivc A^Irlw AMk hY 8 [ BYrau rwg ivc 8 Sbd gurU nwnk swihb dy hn [ pMnw 1133 dy A^Ir ivc hY AMk 21 [ ieh 21 Sbd gurU Amr dws jI dy hn [ pwTk AwpxI qs`lI kr lYx [ pMnw 1136 dI qIjI pMkqI dy A^Ir ivc 7 hY [ ieh Sbd gurU rwmdws jI dy hn [ pMnw 1153 dI ATvIN pMkqI ivc AMk hY 57 [ ieh 57 Sbd gurU Arjn swihb dy hn, ijnHW dI vMf ieauN hY: Gru 1—13 [ Gru 2—43 [ Gru 3—1 [ joV—57 [ ies AMk nµ: 57 qoN AgWh swry gur-ivAkqIAW dy SbdW dw joV iPr duhrwieAw igAw hY:

mhlw 1 —— 8
mhlw 3 — 21
mhlw 4 —  7
mhlw 5 — 57
 . . . . ———
ku`l joV — 93

hux pMnw 1136 au~qy isr-lyK ‘mhlw 5 Gru 1’ dy hyT qIjw Sbd ghu nwl vyKo [ ies dw BI isr-lyK iehI ‘mhlw 5’ hY [ pr ies dIAW A^IrlIAW qukW ieauN hn:

“kau kbIr iehu kIAw vKwnw ]

 gur pIr imil Kuid Ksmu pCwxw ]”

swfy vwsqy qW SrDw dw p`Drw rsqw hY ik cUMik ies Sbd dw isr-lyK hY, ‘BYrau mhlw 5’, ies vwsqy ieh Sbd gurU Arjn swihb dw hY [ AgWh ieh v`Krw svwl hY ik gurU Arjn swihb ny l&z ‘nwnk’ dy QW ‘kbIr’ ikauN vriqAw? ies dw au~qr AsW Bgq kbIr jI dI bwxI dy tIky ivc id`qw hY [ ieQy AsW isr& ieh d`sxw hY ik swKIkwr vIr vwsqy aus dI nvIN swKI dy rwh ivc BwrI AOkV Aw peI hY [ kI qusI ies Sbd ƒ gurU Arjn swihb dw nhIN mMndy? ies dw isr-lyK BI hY “mhlw 5”, qy, ieh drj BI hY “mhlw 5” dy SbdW ivc [ l&z ‘nwnk’ dy QW l&z ‘kbIr’ vriqAw jwxw d`sdw hY ik gurU Arjn swihb kbIr jI dy sMbMD ivc kuJ AwK rhy hn, qy, ieh g`l qdoN hI ho skdI hY jy auhnW kbIr jI dI bwxI sÍIkwr kIqI hoeI hovy [ pr jy qusI Ajy BI ies Sbd ƒ kbIr dI hI rcnw mMndy ho, qy ieh BI AwKdy ho ik Bgq-bwxI bwbw ipRQI cMd ny drj kIqI sI, qW d`so, kbIr jI dw ieh Sbd ieQy gurU swihb dy SbdW ivc ikvyN drj ho sikAw? igxqI dw A^Irlw AMk 93 ikvyN BMnogy? inrw ieh iek`lw AMk nhIN, ies Sbd qoN lY ky A^Ir qk swry AMk hI qoVny pYxgy [ qy, swrIAW purwxIAW “bIVW” vyKo, jy bwbw ipRQI cMd ny drj kIqw huMdw, qW AMk 93 dy QW pihlw AMk 92 huMdw, iesy qrHW ies qoN pihly swry AMk BI BMny hoey huMdy [ pr iksy BI ‘bIV’ ivc ieh g`l nhIN imldI [ is`DI g`l hY ik Bgq-bwxI bwbw Awidk ipRQI cMd ny jW iksy hor ny gurU Arjn swihb qoN ipCoN drj nhIN kIqI [ siqgurU jI Awp hI drj kr gey sn [

(e) AsW pwTkW dy swhmxy Ajy iek hor pRmwx pyS krnw hY [ gurU gRMQ swihb ivc 22 ‘vwrW’ hn, ijnHW ivcoN do AYsIAW hn ijnHW dIAW pauVIAW dy nwl koeI BI Slok nhIN: s`qy blvMf dI vwr Aqy bsMq dI vwr m: 5 [ bwkI 20 ‘vwrW’ dI hryk pauVI dy nwl Gt qoN Gt do Slok drj hn [ ikqy iek QW BI ies nym dw aulµGx nhIN hY [ hux pwTk s`jx hyT-ilKIAW iqMn ‘vwrW’ ƒ ghu nwl pVHn—gUjrI kI vwr m: 3, ibhwgVy kI vwr m: 4 Aqy rwmklI kI vwr m: 3 [ iehnW ‘vwrW’ dy A^Ir qy l&z ‘suDu’ drj hY, ijs qoN swfw swKI-kwr vIr BI ieh nqIjw k`Fdw hY ik ieQoN qk dI bwxI gurU Arjn swihb ny Awp hI drj krweI hY [ hux lau gUjrI kI vwr m: 3 [ ies dIAW 22 pauVIAW hn; hryk pauVI dIAW pMj pMj qukW hn, qy sB qukW dw Awkwr BI ieko ijhw hY [ swrI ‘vwr’ ivc bVI suMdr smwnqw hY [ hryk pauVI dy nwl do do Slok hn, qy Slok BI swry hI m: 3 dy hn [ pr hux vyKo pauVI nµ: 4 [ ies dy nwl pihlw Slok kbIr jI dw hY, qy dUjw gurU Amrdws jI dw [ ‘vwr’ dI iek-surqw ƒ muK r`KidAW ieh nhIN sI ho skdw ik siqgurU jI ies pauVI dy nwl isr& iek Slok drj krdy [ iksy BI ‘vwr’ ivc AYsI g`l nhIN imldI [ qy, dUjI g`l ieh hY ik jy nvIN swKI Anuswr BgqW dI bwxI bwbw ipRQI cMd ny drj kIqI, qW ieh slok ieQy ikvyN drj kr ilAw? ^wlI QW koeI nhIN, ijQy drj kIqw jw skdw [ bwhr hwSIey au~qy BI drj nhIN hY, jy hwSIey au~qy drj krdy qW imlwvt dw Byq KulH jwxw sI [ bwkI SlokW vWg, pihlW hI QW-isr drj hY [ ieQoN ieh g`l sw& is`D ho geI hY ik ieh Slok gurU Arjn swihb ny Awp hI drj kIqw sI [ iesy qrHW vyKo ibhwgVy kI vwr m: 4 dI pauVI nµ: 17 dy nwl pihlw slok kbIr jI dw hY [ qy, ieh gurU Arjn swihb ny Awp hI drj kIqw hY [ rwmkwlI kI vwr m: 3 dI pauVI nµ: 2 BI iesy nqIjy qy ApVWdI hY [ ies dy nwl dw pihlw Slok BI kbIr jI dw hI hY [

swrI ivcwr dw is`tw:

hux qk dI ies lµmI ivcwr ivc AsI do g`lW vyK cuky hW:

(1) ieh swKI mn-GVq qy Zlq hY ik BgqW dI bwxI B`tW dy sveIey qy s`qy blvMf dI vwr bwbw ipRQI cMd ny jW iksy hor ny gurU Arjn swihb dI ShIdI qoN ipCoN drj kIqI sI [

(2) BYrau rwg ivc “mhlw 5 Gru 1” dw qIjw Sbd ijs ivc l&z ‘nwnk’ dy QW ‘kbIr’ AwiKAw hY, gurU Arjn swihb ny Awp hI iliKAw qy drj kIqw hY [ gUjrI kI vwr m: 3, ibhwgVy kI vwr m: 4 Aqy rwmklI kI vwr m: 3 ivc kbIr jI dy iqMn slok gurU Arjn swihb ny Awp hI drj kIqy hn [

iPr, swrI Bgq-bwxI ƒ gurU Arjn swihb dy Awpxy h`QIN drj kIqI ikauN nwh mMinAw jwey!

ieQy pwTkW ƒ muV cyqw krw dyxw zrUrI hY ik:

(a) Bgq-bwxI qy gurbwxI dw AwSw pUrn qOr qy imldw hY;

(A) ivdvwn tIkwkwrW dIAW d`sIAW AFukvIAW swKIAW mnGVq hn;

(e) BgqW dw koeI BI Sbd mUrqI-pUjw, Avqwr-pUjw, pRwxwXwm, jog-AiBAws dy h`k ivc nhIN hY;

(s) iksy BI Bgq ny ieh nhIN iliKAw ik aus ny Twkur-pUjw bITul-pUjw Awidk qoN prmwqmw dI pRwpqI kIqI [

ijnHW SbdW bwry ivdvwn tIkwkwrW ny BulyKy pwey hoey hn, AsW Bgq-bwxI dy tIky ivc auhnW SbdW dI ivAwiKAw Kohl ky kr id`qI hoeI hY [

siqgurU nwnk dyv jI ny AwpxI bwxI Awp iek`TI kIqI sI

qvwrI^ gurU ^wlsw dI gvwhI:

igAwnI igAwn isMG jI AwpxI pusqk “qvwrI^ gurU ^wlsw” dy pihly ih`sy dy dUjy nµbr ivc gurU Arjn swihb jI dw jIvn-ibRqWq ilKdy hoey ilKdy hn, “gurU Arjn swihb jI ny ivcwr kIqI ik............mzhb kOm Drm-pusqk dy Awsry PYldw...is`K kOm dI sdw iesiQqI vwsqy.....eISÍrI bwxI sMgRih kr ky iek Drm-pusqk gRMQ swihb nwm krIey [ ieh ivcwr ky gurU swihb ny sB dys dysWqr dy is`KW ƒ hukmnwmy ilKy ik ijs iksy pws koeI gurU kw Sbd hY so sB lY Awvy [ hukm sux ky jo gurU nwnk dyv jI dy smy dy Sbd is`KW ny kMT kr r`Ky sy Xw ilK r`Ky sy, auh sB lY Awey qy gurU jI pws ilKw id`qy [ ies pRkwr bhuq bwxI gurU jI dI ’k`TI ho geI [ bwkI kuJ QoVI ijhI bwxI dIAW do poQIAW mohn jI pws goieMdvwl sn, auh gurU jI Awp jw ky lY Awey.......jd ies qrHW keI brs ivc cOhW gurUAW dI qy AwpxI bwxI islisly-vwr kwiem kr leI qW...........[

“pRqyk rwg dy AMq ivc jo BgqW dI bwxI gurU jI ilKwauNdy rhy, ies dy do mq hn: koeI AwKdy hn, Bgq Awp bYkuMT ivcoN Aw ky ilKwauNdy sy qy auhnW dw drSn BI BweI gurdws ƒ aus dy sMsy dUr krn vwsqy krwieAw igAw sI [ keI AwKdy hn ik BgqW dI bwxI ijhVI ijhVI gurU jI ƒ psMd AweI, auhnW dIAW poQIAW au~qoN ilKweI hY [ so, ieh bwq aunHW poQIAW qoN BI swbq hY jo gurU jI mohn pwsoN ilAwey sy ikauNik aunHW ivc BI Bgq-bwxI hY [”

jdoN gurU Arjn swihb jI ny is`KW ƒ hukmnwmy G`ly sn qW, igAwnI igAwn isMG jI ilKdy hn ik “BweI b^qw AroVw gurU kw is`K jlwlpurI prgny hsn-Abdwl vwlw iek v`fw swrw pusqk, jo ausny Awid gurU QIN lY ky cOhW gurUAW pws rih ky iliKAw sI, so hux pMjvyN gurU jI pws lY AwieAw [ aus ivcoN jo bwxI gurU jI dI ie`iCAw hoeI, auh ilK leI qy pusqk aus ƒ moV id`qw [ hux auh pusqk aus dI AOlwd ivc bUtw isMG pswrI pws rwvlipMfI hY.....[”

ies qoN nqIjy:

ies au~pr-ilKI vwrqw ƒ ghu nwl piVHAW hyT ilKy nqIjy inkldy hn:

1. gurU Arjn swihb qoN pihlW iksy siqgurU jI ƒ gurbwxI iek`TI krn dw i^Awl nhIN AwieAw sI, nw hI aunHW AwpxI bwxI Awp ilK ky r`KI [

2. gurU Arjn swihb jI pws Awpxy qoN pihly siqgurU swihbwn dI bwxI mOjUd nhIN sI [

3. ijs ijs QW ijhVw ijhVw Sbd iksy siqgurU jI ny aucwirAw sI, aus aus QW dy iksy pRymI is`K ny ilK r`iKAw sI; qy jdoN gurU Arjn swihb jI ny hukmnwmy Byjy, qdoN ieh is`K aunHW ƒ ieh Sbd ilKw Awey [

4. BgqW dI bwxI bwry d`sy hoey do mqW ivcoN ijs mq nwl igAwnI igAwn isMG jI Awp sihmq hn, aus ƒ cMgI qrHW inqwr ky aunHW nhIN iliKAw ik gurU Arjn swihb jI ny ikhVIAW poQIAW au~qoN psMd kr ky BweI gurdws jI ƒ ilKweI sI [

pr, ies sMbMDI ie`k g`l sw& hY ik ijnHW siqgurU swihbwn ny AwpxI hI aucwrI hoeI bwxI ƒ Awp ilK ky sWB r`Kx dI loV nhIN sI smJI, aunHW ny iksy Bgq dI bwxI Awpxy pws ilK ky nhIN sI r`KI hoeI [

AnykW SMky:

igAwnI igAwn isMG jI dy ies id`qy i^Awl ƒ ijauN ijauN ghu nwl ivcwrIey, iek kWbw ijhw Aw jWdw hY [ mhwn mhwn Sukr hY siqgurU Arjn dyv jI dw, ijnHW ny swƒ sdw jIvn dw shI rwh d`sx leI ieh r`bI bwxI iek`TI kr ky vyly-isr sWB leI [ pr jy koeI BI is`K siqgurU jI dy aucwry hoey SbdW ƒ qurq ausy vyly nwh ilK lYNdw, qW kIh bxdw? gurU ky pRymI is`K ikvyN ilKdy hoxgy? kI jdoN siqgurU jI koeI nvW Sbd gwauNdy sn qW koeI pRymI is`K ausy vyly CyqI-CyqI ilK lYNdw sI? jy Blw aus kwhlI ivc Sbd ivcoN koeI l&z jW koeI quk rih jWdI sI qW kI auh is`K siqgurU jI pwsoN kIrqn smwpq hox qy pu`C ky TIk kr lYNdw sI? kI siqgurU jI sdw gw ky hI Sbd aucwrdy sn? jy swDwrn qOr qy BI aucwrdy sn qW ieqnI CyqI koeI pRymI is`K ikvyN nwlo-nwl ilKI jWdw hovygw? kI gurU Amrdws jI BI sdw gwauN ky hI Sbd qy AStpdIAW aucwrdy sn? qy koeI nw koeI pRymI is`K nwlo-nwl ilKI jWdw sI? gurU gRMQ swihb jI iv`c gurU nwnk dyv jI Aqy gurU Amrdws jI dIAW kw&I lµmIAW lµmIAW bwxIAW BI hn, kI ieh BI gwauN ky qy kw&I smW lY ky aucweIAW geIAW sn? jy nhIN, qW iksy pRymI is`K ny ieh ikvyN CyqI CyqI ilKIAW hoxgIAW? kI siqgurU jI ny Awp hI ieh bwxIAW iksy pRymI is`K ƒ ilKw id`qIAW hoxgIAW? ‘ptI’ rwg Awsw ivc, ‘EAMkwr’ Aqy ‘isD gosit’ rwg rwmklI ivc, ‘bwrw mwh’ rwg quKwrI ivc, qy SurU ivc hI ‘jpujI’—ieh bwxIAW ^ws aucyc nwl hI iksy pRymI ny ilKIAW hoxgIAW [ iesy qrHW gurU Amrdws jI dI ‘ptI’ qy ‘Anµd’ lµmIAW bwxIAW hn [ iek g`l hor BI hYrwnI vwlI hY [ kI koeI ie`ko hI pRymI is`K siqgurU jI dy sdw nwl rihMdw sI, jo aucwirAw hoieAw Sbd ausy vyly ilK lYNdw sI jW ij`Qy siqgurU jI jWdy sn EQoN dw koeI pRymI is`K ilKdw sI? kI hr vyly is`K klm dvwq Awpxy nwl hI r`Kdy sn ik jdoN siqgurU jI Sbd aucwrn ausy vyly iliKAw jw sky? jy koeI ie`ko is`K ilKx vwlw huMdw qW Eh is`K-ieiqhws ivc au~Gw ho igAw huMdw; qy ieh g`l BI AnoKI hI l`gdI hY ik hr QW pRymI is`K klm dvwq sdw nwl hI r`Kdy hox [

BweI b^qy vwlI bIV bwry SMky:

ieh BweI b^qy vwlI swKI hor BI vDIk hYrwn krn vwlI hY [ gurU nwnk dyv jI pws b^qw kdoN ku AwieAw hovygw? jy ‘audwsIAW’ vyly BweI b^qw siqgurU jI dy nwl huMdw qW ikqy nw ikqy aus dw izkr Aw hI jWdw [ Swied ieh qdoN AwieAw hovy jdoN siqgurU jI krqwrpur Aw ky itk gey hox [ ieh sMn 1521 eIsvI bxdw hY, jdoN ‘qIsrI audwsI’ ^qm hoeI [ ijhVy Sbd siqgurU jI AwpxIAW audwsIAW smy aucwr Awey sn, BweI b^qy ny Eh ik`QoN ilKy hoxgy? kI siqgurU jI ny Eh swry zbwnI Xwd r`Ky hoey sn?

ieiqhwskwr ilKdy hn ik bwxI ‘EAMkwr’ pihlI audwsI smy aucwrI sI [ kI siqgurU jI ny BweI b^qy ƒ ieh bwxI BI zbwnI hI ilKweI hovygI?

igAwnI igAwn isMG jI ilKdy hn ik BweI b^qw cOhW gurU swihbwn pws rih ky bwxI ilKdw irhw [ swry ikqny swl bxy? gurU rwmdws jI 1581 ivc joqI joq smwey [ so 1521 qoN lY ky 1581 qk 60 swl BweI b^qw gurU-crnW ivc irhw [ ikqnw hI BwgW vwlw bMdw sI! pqw nhIN ieiqhwskwrW ƒ ies guris`K qy ies dI imhnq dw ikauN pqw nw lg sikAw [ pr Acrj g`l ieh hY ik cwr gur-ivAkqIAW pws rih ky bwxI iek`TI kr ky BweI b^qw gurU Arjn swihb jI dy vyly Awpxy vqn ikauN qur igAw [ hryk siqgurU pwsoN BweI b^qw ds^q ikauN krwauNdw irhw? kI ies sbUq vwsqy ik jo iek`Tw kIqw hY, ieh gurbwxI hY? pr igAwnI jI ilKdy hn ik BweI b^qy vwlI bIV ivc ‘bwxI AYqnI hY jwxo ies gurU gRMQ swihb jI dw ^zwnw hY’ [ Ajb hI g`l hY! jy BweI b^qw hryk gurU jI pws rih ky ilKdw irhw qy iPr gurU jI dy ds^q BI krw lYNdw irhw, qW ieqnw v`fw ^zwnw ikvyN bx igAw? kI ieh swrI bwxI ‘gur-bwxI’ nhIN hY? jy nhIN, qW BweI b^qw gurU-dr qy rih ky hor ikQoN ilKdw irhw? jy ieh gurbwxI hI hY qW gurU Arjn swihb jI ny gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI bIV ivc ieh swrI dI swrI ikauN nw ilKI? iv`coN kuJ C`f ikauN id`qI? iPr ies BweI b^qy dy pu`qr-poqry hsn-Abdwl vloN aucycy qur ky AMimRqsr, kIrqpur qy Awnµdpur isr& ds^q krwaux leI ies ieqnI v`fI bIV ƒ ikauN ilAwauNdy rhy, ijs ƒ igAwnI igAwn isMG jI dy ilKy Anuswr ‘iek AwdmI msW cu`k skdw hY’?

ies bIV bwry nvyN SMky:

A`j-klH ies bIV bwry jo lyK inkly hn, auh igAwnI jI dI ilKq nwloN rqw &rk r`Kdy hn [ hux BweI b^qw qIjy pwiqSwh jI dw is`K d`isAw jw irhw hY, qy ieh bIV BweI pYNDw swihb vwlI d`sI jw rhI hY [ s`qy blvMf dI vwr ivc ies bIV dy AMdr ds pauVIAW drj hn [ A^IrIlIAW do pauVIAW gurU hirgoibMd swihb jI dI ausqq ivc hn [ pr ie`Qy iek hor aulJx Aw peI [ gurU Arjn swihb jI qoN ip`CoN bIV ivc nvIN bwxI drj hoxI bMd qW hoeI hI nhIN sI, gurU qyg bhwdr swihb jI dI bwxI drj kIqI geI [ s`qy blvMf vwlIAW do pauVIAW ikauN drj nw hoeIAW? jy gurU kw is`K BweI b^qw kIrqpur jw ky gurU hir rwie swihb jI pwsoN ieh do pauVIAW ilAw skdw sI qW gurU qyg bhwdr swihb qy gurU goibMd isMG jI ƒ BI iml skdIAW sn [ jy pihly pMj gurU-ivAkqIAW dI vifAweI sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj hoxI gur-AwSy Anuswr hY qW CyvyN pwiqSwh gurU hirgoibMd swihb jI dI aupmw BI gur-AwSy Anuswr hI sI [

sB qoN vDIk kdr iks ƒ:

BweI b^qy ny ieh swrI imhnq ikauN kIqI? ies dw au~qr sw& hY ik bwxI nwl pRym sI qy guris`KW dy Bly vwsqy ieh Gwl GwlI geI [ pr, jo pwiqSwh Awpxy suK vwr ky, qVpdy jIvW ƒ Fwrs dyx vwsqy prdysW ivc lµmy s&r Jwgdw irhw, kI aus suhxy pRIqm ƒ kdy i^Awl nhIN sI AwieAw ik DrqI au~qy mwieAw ivc jIv sdw ivlkdy hI rihxy hn, iehnW leI ‘Kunku nwmu KudwieAw’ dw koeI cSmw hmySw leI jwrI kr jwx dI loV hY? hryk ipqw Awpxy pu`qrW vwsqy AwjIvkw leI, Awpxy iv`q Anuswr kuJ nw kuJ jmHw kr ky dy jWdw hY [ kI Aswfy dIn-dunIAw dy mwlk gurU nwnk ipqw jI Aswfy vwsqy AwpxI h`QIN koeI jwiedwd nhIN sn r`K gey? Awpxy v`l qy Awpxy AWF-guAWF iDAwn nwl vyKIey, swDwrn ilKwrI jW kvI BI Awpxy ilKy lyK jW kivqw bVw sWB sWB ky r`Kdw hY [ kI swfy dIn-dunIAw dy vwlI ny ieh ArSI-dwq, ieh su`cy hIry moqI, swrI DrqI au~qy eyvyN hI iKlwr id`qy sn? bnwrs, gieAw, jgMnwQ purI, sMglwdIp, mQrw, kurCyqR, pwkptn, AYmnwbwd, lwhOr, hor AnykW Sihr qy ipMf, vsqIAW qy aujwV? jI mMndw nhIN [ ies ArSI-dwq dI kdr sB qoN vDIk suhxy pwiqSwh gurU nwnk swihb ƒ hI ho skdI sI [

(2)

swKIAW dI pVcol

kohVI &kIr dI swKI:

pusqk “purwqn jnm swKI” dI pihlI AYfISn dy pMnw 95 auqy gurU nwnk swihb jI dI iek swKI ilKI hoeI hY ik “idpwlpur pws do, kM|xpur ivc do, ksUr ivc do, ptI ivc do, goieMdvwl Awie rihx l`gw, qW koeI rihx dyvY nwhI [ qb iek &kIr Qw, iqs kI Ju`gI ivc jwie rihAw, auh &kIr kohVI Qw [ qW bwbw jwie KVw hoAw [ AwiKEsu, ‘ey &kIr, rwq rihx dy’ qb &kIr Arz kIqw, AwiKEsu, ‘jI myrAhu pwshu jwnvr n`sdy hn, pr ^udwie kw krm hoAw hY jo AwdmI dI sUrq ndir AweI hY’ [ qW EQy rihAw........&kIr lgw ivrlwp krn, qb bwbw boilAw; Sbd rwg DnwsrI ivc m: 1:

jIau qpq hY bwro bwr ] qip qip KpY bhuqu bykwr ] jY qin bwxI ivsir jwie ] ijau pkw rogI ivllwie ]1] bhuqw bolxu JKxu hoie ] ivxu boly jwxY sBu soie ]rhwau]............krim imlY AwKxu qyrw nwau ] ijqu lig qrxw horu nhI Qwau ] jy ko fUby iPir hovY swr ] nwnk swcw srb dwqwru ]4]3]5]

“qb drsn kw sdkw kohV dUr hoie gieAw, dyhI h`CI ho geI, Awie pYrIN pieAw, nwau-DwrIk hoAw, gurU gurU l`gw jpx [ qb bwbw EQhu rvdw rihAw [”

ies Ju`gI ivc isr& iqMn jxy sn—siqgur nwnk swihb jI, BweI mrdwnw Aqy kohVI &kIr [ kI jdoN siqgurU jI Sbd gwauN rhy sn, qW kohVI &kIr ilKI jw irhw sI? auh qW pIV nwl ivlk irhw sI [ pr kI auh &kIr iliKAw-piVHAw AwdmI sI, ik Sbd BI ilK skdw? g`l mMnx ivc nhIN Aw skdI [ kI BweI mrdwnw ies Sbd ƒ ilKI jWdw sI? pr, auh qW rbwb vjwauNdw sI [ iPr hor iks ny iliKAw?

kiljug vwlI swKI:

kiljug vwlI swKI ivc ‘purwqn jnm swKI’ vwlw ilKdw hY ik—“prmySr dI AwigAw nwl kiljug Clx kau AwieAw [ aus ny pihlW keI iBAwnk rUp Dwry [ BweI mrdwnw vyK ky fr igAw [ kiljug ny iPr lwlc dyxy SurU kIqy qy AwiKAw, ‘myry pws sB kuC hY, jy AwKhu qW moqIAW dy mMdr auswrih...... [’ qW siqgurU jI ny isrI rwg dw Sbd aucwirAw:

moqI q mMdr aUsrih, rqnI qW hoih jVwau ] ksqUir kuMgU Agir cMdin, lIip AwvY cwau ] mq dyiK BUlw vIsrY, qyrw iciq n AwvY nwau ]1]

...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...

sulqwnu hovw myil lskru, qKiq rwKw pwau ] hukmu hwslu krI bYTw, nwnk sBu vwau ] mqu dyiK BUlw vIsrY, qyrw iciq n AwvY nwau ]4]1]

ie`Qy iPr auhI svwl au~Tdw hY [ kI ieh Sbd kiljug ny ilK ilAw sI? BweI mrdwnw qW fr nwl sihimAw ipAw sI [ iPr, hor kOx ilKx vwlw sI?

swKI vyeIN ndI:

vyeIN ndI vwlI swKI ivc qW koeI BulyKw rih hI nhIN jWdw [ swKI vwlw ilKdw hY ik gurU nwnk jI prmySr dI hzUrI ivc A`pVy, qy aus dI AwigAw pw ky aus dy nwm dI mihmw ieauN aucwrn lgy:

isrI rwg mhlw 1 ]

koit kotI myrI Awrjw, pvxu pIAxu AipAwau ] cMdu sUrju doie guPY nw dyKw, supnY saux n Qwau ] BI qyrI kImiq n pvY, hau kyvfu AwKw nwau ]1]

...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...

nwnk kwgd lK mxw, piV piV kIcY Bwau ] msU qoit n AwveI lyKix pauxu clwau ] BI qyrI kImiq nw pvY, hau kyvfu AwKw nwau ]4]2]

iek prmySr qy dUjy aus dI hzUrI ivc siqgurU nwnk dyv jI [ iehnW ivcoN iks ny ieh Sbd ilK ky sWiBAw hovygw?

ie`ko hI nqIjw:

siqgurU jI swry Bwrq ivc Arb, eIrwn qy A&Zwinsqwn ivc BI gey; An-mqI mnu`KW ƒ aupdyS krn vyly BI auhnW keI Sbd aucwry [ EQy nwl qW kyvl BweI mrdwnw hI sI [ ie`ko hI nqIjw inkl skdw hY ik jW qW siqgurU jI Awp ilKdy hoxgy jW auhnW dI AwigAw Anuswr BweI mrdwnw [ pr, BweI mrdwnw ikqy piVHAw-iliKAw nhIN d`isAw igAw [

A`cl vtwly:

jdoN siqgurU jI ‘audwsIAW’ qoN ipCoN krqwrpur Aw rhy qW aumr dy A^Irly swl sMn 1539 dy SurU ivc jogIAW dy myly qy A`cl Awey [ ieh QW vtwly qoN 3 mIl d`Kx vl hY [ jogIAW is`DW nwl bVI bihs hoeI, ijs ivc jogIAW dw p`K hOlw rih igAw [ ies bihs ƒ suxn leI myly ivc Awey hoey hzwrW bMdy iek`Ty hoey sn [ lokW dy idlW ivc jogIAW dw db`w mu`k igAw [ mylw ^qm hoieAw, lok Gro-GrI cly gey, g`l mu`k geI [ siqgur jI ieQoN AgWh mulqwn ƒ cly gey [ pr, ies swrI bihs ƒ kivqw dy rUp ivc ipCoN iks ny ilK id`qw qy ikauN ilK id`qw? bwxI ivc l&z ‘nwnk’ qy isrlyK ‘mhlw 1’ d`sdw hY ik ieh bwxI gurU nwnk swihb ny ilKI sI [ pr bihs qW mu`k geI sI, aus qoN ipCoN ieh ieqnI lµmI qy AOKI bwxI ikauN ilKI? ies dw au~qr bVw sw& hY [ aunHW ilKI is`KW vwsqy, Awaux vwlIAW nslW vwsqy [ jy ieh bwxI gurU jI ny Awpxy is`KW qy Awaux vwlIAW hor is`K-sMgqW vwsqy ilKI, qW ieh BI iek is`DI g`l hY ik auh AwpxI swrI hI bwxI sWB ky ilKdy gey sn [ nhIN qW jy auhnW dI hor swrI bwxI QW QW qy iKlrI peI sI, auhnW Awp sWB nhIN r`KI, qW A^IrlI aumry ies iek bwxI ƒ ilKx dw kIh lwB ho skdw sI?

Asl g`l:

Asl g`l ieh hY ik iehI bsqw sI, iehI ikqwb sI, jo hr vyly auhnW dy gwqry ivc sI [ AsW ieh g`l vyly-isr nwh smJI, Aswfy guAWFI Brw AwKx g`l pey ik gurU nwnk dyv jI ny ies bsqy ivc kurwn-SrI& r`iKAw hoieAw sI [ ‘poQI swihb’ dy drSn BI krwey jwx l`g pey, ijs ivcoN muslmwn ƒ kurwn-SrI& id`isAw qy is`KW ƒ gurU gRMQ swihb nzrI AwieAw; ijvyN ik s: jI. bI. isMG ny AwpxI pusqk ‘pRwcIn bIVW’ ivc iliKAw hY [ pr auh bsqw kIh sI? kudrqI qOr qy kIh ho skdw sI? siqgurU nwnk dyv jI dI AwpxI rcI hoeI bwxI, jo auh smy smy aucwrdy rhy qy nwlo-nwl ilKdy gey [

jdoN hzUr m`ky gey qdoN BI auhnW dy pws iehI bsqw sI, iehI ikqwb sI; qwhIeyN hwjIAW ny pu`iCAw sI ‘AwpxI ikqwb ƒ Kohl ky d`s, hy nwnk! qyry mq Anuswr ihMdU Aqy muslmwn ivcoN kOx vfw hY [’

pu`Cin g`l eImwn dI kwzI mu`lW iek`Ty hoeI ] vfw sWgu vrqw iehI, liK n s`kY kudriq koeI [ puCin, KolH ikqwb ƒ, ihMdU vfw ik muslmwnoeI [ bwbw AwKY hwjIAW, suB AmlW bwJoN dovY roeI[33[1[

hux qk dI ivcwr ivc ieh g`l prq`K ho geI hY ik Awpxy is`KW vwsqy gurU nwnk swihb jI AwpxI bwxI Awp hI ilK ky sWBdy gey sn [ swry gurU swihbwn dI bwxI ƒ iek`Tw kr ky gurU gRMQ swihb jI dy rUp ivc ilAwauxw—ieh i^Awl siqgurU nwnk dyv jI dy mn ivcoN hI pYdw hoieAw sI [

sRI gurU nwnk dyv jI ny AwpxI swrI bwxI iks ƒ id`qI?

AMdwz

ipCly lyK ivc ieh g`l sw& ho cukI hY ik siqgurU nwnk dyv jI AwpxI aucwrI hoeI bwxI sdw Awp hI ilK ky sWBdy rhy [ kudrqI qOr qy mn ivc svwl au~Tdw hY ik ies bwxI dw sMgRih iks ƒ id`qw hovygw? ies dw au~qr BI swdw ijhw hY ik gurU nwnk swihb ny AwpxI rcI hoeI swrI bwxI ausy mhW purK ƒ id`qI hovygI, ijs ivc auhnW Awpxy vwlI joq jgweI sI; Bwv, auhnW ny AwpxI bwxI gurU AMgd swihb ƒ id`qI hovygI, gurU AMgd swihb ny AwpxI vwrI aucwrI hoeI bwxI smyq ieh swrw sMgRih gurU Amrdws jI ƒ id`qw hovygw [

bwxI dI AMdrlI pVqwl:

pr jo s`jx hux qk ieh suxdy pVHdy cly Aw rhy hn ik gurU Arjn swihb ny
‘bIV’ iqAwr krn vyly hukmnwmy Byj ky is`KW pwsoN bwxI iek`TI kIqI sI, aunHW dI qs`lI ies nvIN imQI hoeI g`l nwl nhIN ho skdI [ so, gurbwxI dI AMdrlI pVqwl hI iksy inrny qy ApVw skygI [

gurU AMgd swihb dI aucwrI hoeI bwxI bhuq hI QoVI hY, auh BI ‘slok’ hI hn, Sbd jW AStpdIAW koeI nhIN hn [ ies vwsqy ieh vyKx leI ik gurU nwnk swihb dI swrI bwxI gurU AMgd swihb dI rwhIN gurU Amrdws jI qk A`pV geI sI, swƒ gurU Amrdws jI dI bwxI bVy ghu nwl vyKxI peygI [

gurU AMgd dyv jI dI bwxI:

gurU AMgd swihb dy aucwry hoey Slok gurU Arjn swihb ny ‘vwrW’ dIAW pauVIAW dy nwl drj kr id`qy hoey hn [ jy iehnW SlokW ƒ ‘bolI’ dy idRStIkox qoN ghu nwl pVH ky vyKIey, qW keI AYsy Slok imldy hn ijnHW qoN prq`K jwpdw hY ik ieh Slok siqgur nwnk dyv jI dI bwxI ƒ swhmxy r`K ky aucwry hoey hn [

nmUny mwqr kuJ prmwx hyTW id`qy jWdy hn:

(1) a. mhlw 1, Awsw dI vwr, pauVI ]

cwkru lgY cwkrI, jy clY KsmY Bwie ]

hurmiq iqs no AglI, Ehu vjhu iB dUxw Kwie ]

KsmY kry brwbrI, iPir gYriq AMdir pwie ]

vjhu gvwey Aglw, muhy muih pwxw Kwie ]

ijs dw idqw Kwvxw, iqsu khIAY swbwis ]

nwnk hukmu n cleI, nwil Ksm clY Ardwis ]22]

A. sloku mhlw 2 ]

cwkru lgY cwkrI, nwly gwrbu vwdu ]

glw kry GnyrIAw, Ksm n pwey swdu ]

Awpu gvwie syvw kry, qw ikCu pwey mwnu ]

nwnk ijs no lgw iqsu imlY, lgw so prvwnu ]1]22]

 ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ..

swihb syqI hukmu n clY, khI bxY Ardwis ]3]22]

not:- gurU nwnk dyv jI dI aucwrI hoeI pauVI nµ: 22 Aqy gurU AMgd swihb dy aucwry hoey iehnW SlokW ivc inry i^Awl dI hI sWJ nhIN hY, l&z BI sWJy hn [ ieh sWJ sb`b nwl nhIN ho geI [ ieh Slok aucwrn vyly gurU AMgd swihb dy pws gurU nwnk dyv jI dI ieh pauVI mOjUd sI [

(2) a. slok mhlw 1, mwJ kI vwr

sbwhI swlwh, ijnI iDAwieAw iek min ] syeI pUry swh, vKqY aupir liV muey ] dUjY bhuqy rwh, mn kIAw mqI iKMfIAw ] bhuqu pey Asgwh, goqy Kwih n inklih ] qIjY muhI igrwh, BuK iqKw duie BaukIAw ] KwDw hoie suAwh, BI Kwxy isau dosqI ] cauQY AweI aUNG, AKI mIit pvwir gwieAw ] BI auiT ricEnu vwdu, sY vir@Aw kI ipV bDI ] sBy vylw vKq siB, jy ATI Bau hoie ] nwnk swihbu min vsY, scw nwvxu hoie ]1]17]

A. mhlw 2, mwJ kI vwr

syeI pUry swh, ijnI pUrw pwieAw ] ATI vyprvwh, rhin iekqY rMig ] drsin rUip AQwh, ivrly pweIAih ] krim pUrY pUrw gurU, pUrw jw kw bolu ] nwnk pUrw jy kry, GtY nwhI qolu ]2]17]

sloku m: 2, mwJ kI vwr

ATI pihrI AT KMf, nwvw KMfu srIru ] iqsu ivic nauiniD nwmu eyku, Bwlih guxI ghIru ] krmvMqI swlwihAw, nwnk kir guru pIru ] cauQY phir sbwh kY, suriqAw aupjY cwau ] iqnw drIAwvw isau dosqI, min muiK scw nwau ]

EQY Koty stIAih, Kry kIcih swbwis ] bolxu Pwdlu nwnkw, duKu suKu KsmY pwis ]1]18]

not:- ienHW SlokW ƒ cMgI qrHW ghu nwl pVH ky; keI l&z, qukW qy i^Awl sWJy hn [ l&zW qy qukW dI ieh sWJ sb`b nwl nhIN ho geI [ prq`K g`l hY ik gurU AMgd swihb dy pws gurU nwnk dyv jI dw au~prlw Slok mOjUd sI jdoN aunHW Awpxy ieh Slok aucwry [

gurU Amrdws jI dI bwxI:

(1) rwgW dI sWJ:- sRI gurU gRMQ swihb jI ivc ku`l 31 rwg vrqy gey hn [ iehnW ivcoN isr& 19 rwg AYsy hn ijnHW ivc gurU nwnk swihb ny bwxI aucwrI hY [ auh rwg ieh hn:

isrI rwg, mwJ, gauVI, Awsw, gUjrI, vfhMs, soriT, DnwsrI, iqlµg, sUhI, iblwvl, rwmklI, mwrU, quKwrI, BYrau, bsMq, swrMg, mlwr, pRBwqI [

gurU Amrdws jI ny isr& 17 rwgW ivc bwxI aucwrI hY [ v`fI hYrwnI vwlI g`l ieh hY ik gurU Amrdws jI ny koeI ie`k BI AYsw rwg nhIN vriqAw, jo gurU nwnk dyv jI ny nwh vriqAw hovy [ au~pr id`qy hoey 19 rwgW ivcoN rwg iqlµg qy quKwrI C`f idau, bwkI 17 rwgW ivc gurU Amrdws jI dI bwxI imldI hY [

pwTk s`jx purwxy bxy i^AwlW ƒ rqw lWBy r`K ky ghu nwl ivcwrn [ gurU Amrdws jI dw isr& auhI rwg vrqxw jo gurU nwnk swihb ny vrqy hn, koeI sb`b ijhw nhIN bx igAw, iehI g`l koeI sihj-suBwie nhIN ho geI [ ies dw sp`St kwrn isr& iehI hY ik auhnW dy swhmxy isr& 19 rwg pey hn ijnHW ivc siqgurU nwnk dyv jI dI bwxI ilK gey hn [ ieh bwxI swrI dI swrI auhnW pws mOjUd hY, qy gurU Amrdws jI BI isr& iehnW 19 rwgW ivcoN 17 AwpxI bwxI leI vrqdy hn [

hor nyVy dI sWJ:

ies qoN BI nyVy dI sWJ vwsqy hor vDIk suAwdly sbUq iml rhy hn:

rwg Awsw bwxI ‘ptI’:

Awsw rwg ivc gurU nwnk swihb dI aucwrI hoeI iek bwxI hY, ijs dw nwm hY ‘ptI’ [ iesy hI rwg ivc gurU Amrdws jI dI aucwrI hoeI ‘ptI’ BI hY [ ieh g`l sihj-suBwie nhIN ho geI ik ieko hI rwg ivc dohW siqgurU sihbwn dI ie`ko hI nwm dI bwxI imldI hY [ gurU Amrdws jI dy swhmxy gurU nwnk dyv jI dI ilKI hoeI bwxI ‘ptI’ mOjUd hY [ ies bwxI qoN pRyirq ho ky aunHW BI iesy nwm dI bwxI ilKI hY [

iehnW dohW ‘p`tIAW’ dIAW auh qukW ghu nwl pVHo, ijnHW dy A^Ir qy l&z ‘rhwau’ iliKAw ipAw hY:

Awsw mhlw 1, ptI:

mn kwhy BUly mUV mnw ]

jb lyKw dyvih bIrw qau piVAw ]1]rhwau]

Awsw mhlw 3, ptI:

mn AYsw lyKw qUM kI piVAw ]

lyKw dyxw qyrY isir rihAw ]1]rhwau]

dohW ivc ‘mn’ ƒ sMboDn kIqw igAw hY, l&z ‘piVAw’, ‘lyKw dyvih’ gurU nwnk dyv jI dI ‘ptI’ ivc imldy hn [ L&z ‘piVAw’, ‘lyKw dyxw’ gurU Amrdws jI dI ‘ptI’ ivc ilKy hn [ dohW ivc kw&I fUMGI sWJ hY, qy ieh sWJ sb`b nwl nhIN bx geI [

(3) AlwhxIAw rwg vfhMs:

rwg vfhMs ivc gurU nwnk swihb ny ‘AlwhxIAw’ dy pMj Sbd ilKy hn [ iesy hI rwg ivc iesy hI mzmUn qy iesy hI isr-lyK hyT gurU Amrdws jI ny cwr Sbd ilKy hn [ sw& is`D hY ik gurU nwnk dyv jI dI ‘AwlwhxIAw’ dI bwxI vyK ky gurU Amrdws jI ny BI auhI bwxI ilKI hY [

(4) mwrU solhy:

mwrU rwg ivc gurU nwnk dyv jI dI iek bwxI hY, ijs dw isr-lyK hY, ‘solhy’ [ ies nwm dI bwxI iksy BI hor rwg ivc nhIN [ ies isr-lyK hyT gurU nwnk dyv jI dy 22 Sbd hn [ iesy hI rwg ivc gurU Amrdws jI dy BI 24 ‘solhy’ hn [ ieh koeI sb`b dI g`l nhIN hY [

(5) rwmklI ivc lµmIAW bwxIAW:

rwg rwmklI ivc SbdW qy AstpdIAW qoN ielwvw gurU nwnk swihb dIAW do v`fIAW qy lµmIAW bwxIAW hn—‘EAMkwr’ qy ‘isD gosit’ [ iesy qrHW Sbd qy AStpdIAW qoN Cut gurU Amrdws jI dI BI iek v`fI bwxI hY, ijs dw nwm hY ‘Anµd’ [

(6) iQ`qW qy vwr iblwvl:

iblwvl rwg ivc SbdW qy AStpdIAW qoN ielwvw gurU nwnk swihb ny ‘iQ`qW’ au~qy iek bwxI ilKI hY, ijs dw isr-lyK hY, ‘iQ`qI m: 1’ [ iesy hI rwg ivc gurU Amrdws jI ny ‘iQ`qW’ dy twkry qy ‘s`q vwrW’ qy bwxI ilKI hY ies dw isr-lyK hY ‘vwr s`q m: 3’ [

(7) slok vwrW qy vDIk:

hryk siqgurU jI ny SbdW, AStpdIAW Awidk qoN ielwvw ‘slok’ BI bhuq swry aucwry hn [ gurU Arjn swihb ny iehnW ivcoN kuJ slok ‘vwrW’ dIAW pauVIAW nwl rlw id`qy [ jo Slok bwkI vD gey sn, auh gurU gRMQ swihb dy A^Ir qy hryk gurU dy v`Kry ilK id`qy [ pr, gurU nwnk swihb dy Slok nµ: 27 dy nwl Aglw Slok nµ: 28 gurU Amrdws jI dw ilK id`qw igAw [ ieh Slok gurU Amrdws jI dy SlokW nwl ikauN drj nhIN kIqw?

dohW ƒ pVH ky vyKo, guMJl h`l ho jwiegI:

lwhOr shru jhru khru svw phru ]27]

mhlw 3 ] lwhOr shru AMimRqsru isPqI dw Gru ]28]

ieh Slok dovyN iek`Ty ies vwsqy ilKy gey hn ik gurU Amrdws jI dw Slok hY hI gurU nwnk swihb dy Slok dy prQwie [ jy gurU nwnk swihb lwhOr Sihr dI ieh hwlq nw d`sdy, gurU Amrdws jI ƒ Awpxw Slok aucwrn dI loV hI nwh pYNdI [

ieh dovyN slok ies g`l dw p`kw sbUq hn ik gurU Amrdws jI pws bwxI mOjUd sI, Aqy aunHW bVy ghu nwl ies dw iek iek l&z Awpxy ihrdy ivc vswieAw hoieAw sI, ieQoN qk ik ieh Cy l&z vwlI in`kI ijhI quk BI aunHW dIAW nzrW qoN Ehly nhIN ho skI [

(8) pRSn dw au~qr:

gurU nwnk swihb jI ny Awpxy smy lokW dw nIvW Dwrimk jIvn ies Slok ivc ibAwn kIqw, jo ieauN hY:

kil kwqI rwjy kwsweI, Drmu pMK kir aufirAw ] kUVu Amwvs scu cMdRmw, dIsY nwhI kh ciVAw ] hau Bwil ivkuMnI hoeI ] AwDyrY rwhu n koeI ] ivic haumY kir duKu roeI ] khu nwnk ikin ibiD giq hoeI ]1]

ies slok ƒ ghu nwl pVH ky vyKo [ A^Ir qy siqgurU jI ny isr& pRSn hI kr id`qw hY ik hnyry ivcoN cwnx ikvyN imly [ auhnW ny Awp ies dw koeI ielwj KolH ky nhIN d`isAw, ieSwry-mwqR kih id`qw hY ‘scu cMdRmw’ [

ies ieSwry-mwqR d`sy ielwj ƒ gurU Amrdws jI ny ieauN smJwieAw hY:

kil kIriq prgtu cwnxu sMswir ] gurmuiK koeI auqrY pwir ] ijs no ndir kry iqsu dyvY ] nwnk gurmuiK rqnu so lyvY ]  {m: 3

gurU Arjn swihb ny ieh dovyN Slok iek`Ty mwJ rwg dI vwr dI 16vIN pauVI nwl drj kr id`qy hn [ dohW SlokW au~qy ghu nwl QoVHw ijhw id`qw hoieAw BI iDAwn ieh g`l sw& kr dyNdw hY ik gurU Amrdws jI Awpxy Slok dI rwhIN gurU nwnk dyv jI dy Slok ivc kIqy hoey pRSn ƒ KolH ky ibAwn kr rhy hn [ ieh g`l qW hI ho skI jo gurU Amrdws jI pws gurU nwnk swihb dI bwxI mOjUd sI [

(9) bsMq rwg ivc SbdW dI qrqIb:

hryk rwg ivc SbdW dI qrqIb gur-ivAkqI Anuswr hY [ sB qoN pihlW gurU nwnk dyv jI dy, iPr gurU Amrdws jI dy, iPr gurU rwmdws jI Aqy iPr gurU Arjn swihb jI dy [ rwg bsMq ivc iek hor AnoKI g`l vyKx ivc Aw rhI hY [ gurU nwnk swihb dy Sbd nµ: 3 nwl Aglw Sbd gurU Amrdws jI dw hY, Aqy iPr Sbd nµ: 7 dy nwl Aglw Sbd gurU Amrdws jI dw hY [

ikauN?

ghu nwl ieh cwry Sbd pVH ky vyKo [ dohW joVIAW dy Bwv imldy hn [ mlUm ieauN huMdw hY ik gurU Amrdws jI ny Awpxy dovyN Sbd gurU nwnk swihb dy SbdW dy prQwie aucwry hn, Aqy Awp hI gurU nwnk swihb dy SbdW dy nwl hI ilK id`qy hn [ ‘bIV’ iqAwr krn vyly gurU Arjn swihb jI ny BI au~QoN v`K nhIN kIqy, hwlW ik ies rwg ivc gurU Amrdws jI dy Awpxy hor 18 Sbd mOjUd hn [ auh Sbd ieh hn:

a. bsMqu mhlw 1

suieny kw caukw kMcn kuAwr ] rupy kIAw kwrw bhuqu ibsQwru ] gMgw kw audku krMqy kI Awig ] gruVw Kwxw duD isau gwif ]1] …jyqy jIA ilKI isir kwr ] krxI aupir hovig swr ] hukmu krih mUrK gwvwr ] nwnk swcy ky isPiq BMfwr ]4]3]

ies Sbd dy nwl drj hY—bsMqu m: 3 qIjw:

bsqR auqwir idgMbru hogu ] jtw Dwir ikAw kmwvY jogu ] mnu inrmlu nhI dsvY duAwr ] BRim BRim AwvY mUVw vwro vwr ]1]

...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...

ijsu jIau AMqru mYlw hoie ] qIrQ BvY idsMqr loie ] nwnk imlIAY siqgur sMg ] qau Bvjl ky qUtis bMD ]5]4]

A. bsMqu mhlw 1

Awpy kudriq kry swij ] scu Awip inbyVy rwju rwij ] gurmiq aUqm sMig swiQ ] hir nwmu rswiexu shij AwiQ ]1] mq ibsris ry mn rwm boil ] AprMpru Agm Agocru gurmuiK hir Awip qulwey Aqulu qoil ]1]rhwau]

bsMqu m: 3

mY mUrK mugD aUpir krhu dieAw ] qau srxwgiq rhau pieAw ]3] khqu nwnku sMswr ky inhPl kwmw ] gurpRswid ko pwvY AMimRq nwmw ]4]8]

(10) bolI dI sWJ:

jy gurU nwnk swihb Aqy gurU Amrdws jI dI bwxI dy l&zW ƒ Awpo ivc twkrw kr ky vyKIey, qW keI QweIN l&zW qy pdW dI AYsI sWJ imlygI, ijs qoN iehI is`tw inklygw ik gurU Amrdws jI pws gurU nwnk dyv jI dI bwxI mOjUd sI; ijvyN:

Awsw m: 1 CMq

Awpxw mnu dIAw, hir vru lIAw, ijau BwvY iqau rwvey ] qnu mnu ipr AwgY sbid sBwgY, Gir AMimRq Plu pwvey ]

ie`Qy gurU nwnk dyv jI l&z ‘sBwgY Gir’ vrqdy hn, gurU Amrdws jI dI bwxI ‘Anµd’ ivc iehI l&z ilKdy hn:

‘vwjy pMc sbd iqqu Gir sBwgY ] Gir sBwgY sbd vwjy klw ijqu Gir DwrIAw ]’

Aijhy sYNkVy pRmwx hor iml skdy hn, ij`Qy ‘bolI’ dI sWJ id`sdI hY, ieh sWJ iksy sb`b nwl nhIN bx geI [

fUMGI sWJ dIAW ieh vMngI-mwqR imswlW vyK ky suqMqr rwie r`Kx vwly KojI s`jx ƒ koeI S`k nhIN rih jwxw cwhIdw ik gurU Amrdws jI dy pws gurU nwnk swihb dI swrI bwxI mOjUd sI [ ies dy imlx dw ie`ko hI vsIlw sI, auh sI gurU AMgd swihb jI, ijnHW ƒ ieh swrI bwxI gurU nwnk dyv jI ny zrUr id`qI hovygI [

sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dI bIV iqAwr krn vyly

gurU Arjn swihb ny bwxI ikQoN leI sI?

ipCly lyK dw ncoV:

sRI gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI bwxI ivcoN keI pRmwx lY ky hux qIk AsI ies nqIjy qy A`pV cuky hW ik gurU nwnk dyv jI AwpxI swrI bwxI Awp hI nwl ilK ky sWBdy rhy [ jdoN aunHW ny guirAweI dI izMmyvwrI gurU AMgd swihb ƒ sONpI, qW ieh swrI ‘bwxI’ BI aunHW dy hvwly kIqI [ jdoN gurU AMgd swihb ny Awpxy QW gurU Amrdws jI ƒ QwipAw, qW aunHW ny gurU nwnk dyv jI dI swrI bwxI qy AwpxI bwxI vI siqgurU Amrdws jI dy spurd kIqI [

ies qoN suBwvk is`tw:

hux ieh g`l smJxI bhuqI AOKI nhIN hY ik gurU Amrdws jI ny ieh r`bI ^zwnw, jo aunHW ƒ jgq dI BlweI vwsqy imilAw sI, gurU rwmdws jI ƒ sONipAw qy gurU rwmdws jI ny AwpxI vwrI gurU Arjn swihb jI ƒ dy id`qw [ A`gy qW hryk gur-ivAkqI dI bwxI v`Ko-v`KrI peI sI, gurU Arjn swihb ny ies swrI ƒ rwg-qrqIb dy ky iek`Tw kr id`qw qy iek bIV ivc lY AWdw [

isrI rwg ivcoN pRmwx (Sbd):

hryk siqgurU pws Awpxy qoN pihly gurU swihbwn dI swrI bwxI mOjUd sI qy aunHW ny ghu nwl ihrdy ivc vsweI sI—ies i^Awl ƒ hor vDIk sp`St krn leI imswl dy qOr qy isr& ‘isrI rwgu’ pyS kIqw jWdw hY [ ghu nwl chuMAW hI gur-ivA`kqIAW dy ‘Sbd’ pVH ky vyKo [

gurU nwnk dyv jI:

ies ‘rwg’ ivc gurU nwnk dyv jI dy 33 ‘Sbd’ hn [ ijnHW ivcoN 6 ‘Sbd’ AYsy hn ijnHW dI ‘rhwau’ dI quk ivc siqgurU jI ‘mn’ ƒ sMboDn krdy hn [ ‘mn ry’......’ Aqy ‘myry mn......’ l&z vrqdy hn [ 3 Sbd AYsy hn ijnHW dI ‘rhwau’ dI quk ivc ‘BweI ry........’ l&z vrqdy hn [ 1 ‘Sbd’ AYsw hY ij`Qy ‘rhwau’ ivc l&z ‘muMDy’ vriqAw hY ijvyN—mn ry.........myry mn......

(1) mn ry scu imlY Bau jwie [  Sbd nµ: 11 [

(2) mn ry sbid qrhu icqu lwie [ Sbd nµ: 15 [

(3) myry mn lY lwhw Gir jwih [ Sbd nµ:   17 [

(4) mn ry haumY Coif gumwnu [ Sbd nµ:   19 [

(5) mn ry Aihinis hir gux swir [ Sbd nµ:  20 [

(6) mn ry gurmuiK Agin invwir [ Sbd nµ:    22 [

BweI ry......

(1) BweI ry sMq jnw kI ryxu [    Sbd nµ 12 [

(2) BweI ry hir hIrw gur mwih [ Sbd nµ:  21 [

(3) BweI ry rwmu khhu icqu lwie [ Sbd nµ: 23 [

muMDy.........

(1) muMDy ipr ibnu ikAw sIgwru [    Sbd nµ: 13 [

gurU Amrdws jI:

gurU Amrdws jI dy ies ‘rwg’ ivc 31 Sbd hn [ ienHW ivcoN 17 ‘Sbd’ AYsy hn ijnHW dI ‘rhwau’ dI quk ivc ‘mn ry........’ jW ‘myry mn...’ l&z vrqdy hn [ 8 SbdW ivc l&z ‘BweI ry......’ vrqy gey hn [ 2 ‘Sbd’ AYsy hn ijQy ‘rhwau’ dI quk ƒ l&z ‘muMDy’ nwl SurU kIqw igAw hY; ijvyN:

mn......myry mn......

(1) mn myry hir rsu cwKu iqK jwie [  Sbd nµ:   1 [

(2) mn ry igRih hI mwih audws [ Sbd nµ:  2 [

(3) myry mn Aihinis pUir rhI inq Awsw [ Sbd nµ:  8 [

(4) mn ry sdw Bjhu hir srxweI [ Sbd nµ:   12 [

(5) mn ry dUjw Bwau cukwie [ Sbd nµ:   19 [

not:- bwkI pRmwx pwTk s`jx Awp vyK lYx [

BweI ry.......

(1) BweI ry gurmuiK sdw piq hoie [      Sbd nµ:  5 [

(2) BweI ry iesu mn kau smJwie [ Sbd nµ:  6 [

(3) BweI ry jgu duKIAw dUjY Bwie [ Sbd nµ:  7 [

(4) BweI ry gurmiq hir nwmu iDAwie [ Sbd nµ:   10 [

(5) BweI ry gurmiq swic rhwau [ Sbd nµ: 11 [

not:- iesy qrHW hor pRmwx vyKy jw skdy hn [

muMDy.......

(1) muMDy kUiV muTI kUiVAwir [  Sbd nµ: 28 [

(2) muMDy qU clu gur kY Bwie [ Sbd nµ:  29 [

gurU rwmdws jI:

‘isrI rwg’ ivc gurU rwmdws jI dy 6 ‘Sbd’ hn [ ienHW SbdW ƒ iehI BI ‘BweI ry’ nwl SurU krdy hn; ijvyN:

(1) BweI ry imil sjx hir gux swir [  Sbd nµ: 5 [

(2) BweI ry mY mIqu sKw pRBu soie [ Sbd nµ:  6 [

gurU Arjn swihb:

gurU Arjn swihb jI dy 30 Sbd hn [ ‘rhwau’ dIAW qukW ƒ ieh BI l&z ‘mn ry’ jW ‘myry mn’ Aqy l&z ‘BweI ry’ nwl hI SurU krdy hn; vyKo:

mn ry......myry mn.......

(1) myry mn suK dwqw hir soie [  Sbd nµ: 1 [

(2) mn myry krqy no swlwih [ Sbd nµ:    5 [

(3) myry mn eyks isau icqu lwie [ Sbd nµ:  6 [

BweI ry.......

(1) BweI ry suKu swD sMig pwieAw [  Sbd nµ: 2 [

(2) BweI ry mIqu krhu pRBu soie [ Sbd nµ:   13 [

(3) BweI ry swcI siqgur syv [ Sbd nµ:    30 [

AStpdIAW:

ies ‘rwg’ dIAW ‘AStpdIAW’ BI vyKo [ aunHW ivc BI l&z ‘BweI ry’ imldw hY [ 17 AStpdIAW ivc gurU nwnk dyv jI ny 6 vwrI ieh pd vriqAw hY qy do vwrI ‘muMDy’ gurU Amrdws jI dIAW 8 AStpdIAW hn, ienHW ivc iqMn vwrI ‘BweI ry’ vrqdy hn [

iek AnoKI sWJ:

iek v`fI suAwdlI g`l ieh hY ik swry hI sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc isr& 29 Sbd (AStpdIAW smyq) AYsy hn ijnHW dI ‘rhwau’ dI quk dy SurU ivc l&z ‘BweI ry’ hn; ienHW ivcoN 25 ‘isrI rwg’ ivc hI drj hn [ bwkI cwr SbdW ivcoN BI 2 gurU nwnk dyv jI dy hn, 1 gurU Amrdws jI dw, Aqy 1 gurU rwmdws jI dw [

bolI dy idRStI-kox qoN:

jo s`jx ‘bolI’ dy idRStI-kox qoN ies g`l ƒ ivcwrngy aunHW ƒ sw& smJ pY jwiegI ik l&z ‘BweI ry...’ dI sWJ sb`b nwl nhIN ho geI [ ijauN ijauN ‘isrI rwg’ dy ienHW 100 SbdW ƒ ghu nwl pVHogy, ienHW ivc hor hor vDIk fUMGI sWJ id`sygI, qy ieh g`l mMnxoN ibnw irhw nhIN jw skygw ik hryk gur-ivA`kqI pws Awpxy qoN pihLy swry gur-ivA`kqIAW dI swrI bwxI mOjUd sI [

pIaU dwdy dw ^zwnw:

gauVI rwg ivc gurU Arjn swihb ilKdy hn:

hm DnvMq BwgT sc nwie ] hir gux gwvh shij suBwie ]1] pIaU dwdy kw Koil ifTw Kjwnw ] qw myrY min BieAw inDwnw ] rqn lwl jw kw kCU n molu ] Bry BMfwr AKUt Aqol ]2]31]100]

ieh Sbd ausy b^SS dy izkr ivc jwpdw hY jdoN gurU Arjn swihb ƒ gurU rwmdws jI qoN ipClI swrI hI bwxI dw sMgRih imilAw sI [

bwbw mohn jI vwlI swKI:

gurbwxI dI AMdrlI ies vMngI-mwqR gvwhI ny ieh g`l rOSn kr id`qI hY ik jdoN siqgurU Arjn dyv jI gurU gRMQ swihb dI bIV iqAwr krn l`gy sn, qW aunHW pws swrI hI bwxI mOjUd sI [ bwxI iek`TI krn leI aunHW ƒ ikqy BI koeI hukmnwmy Byjx dI loV nhIN sI pY skdI [ ies sMbMD ivc bwbw mohn jI vwlI swKI bVI pRis`D hY, qy pRis`D hY BI AjIb rMg ivc [ ilKdy hn ik bwbw mohn jI Awpxy cObwry ivc smwDI lgweI bYTy sn, siqgurU jI aus glI ivc jw ky cObwry hyT bYT gey qy bwbw jI dI ausqiq ivc iek Sbd gwivEN ny [ kwhdy leI? bwbw jI pwsoN gurbwxI dIAW sMcIAW lYx leI [

pwTk s`jx! rqw isdk ivc Aw ky ghu nwl ivcwro! kI swfy dIn dunIAw dy rwhbr sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc iksy mnu`K dI vifAweI BI drj ho skdI sI? ies ivc koeI S`k nhIN ik bwbw mohn jI pwiqSwhW dy pwiqSwh sRI gurU Amrdws jI dy Swihbzwdy sn qy myry vrgy nwcIz inmwxy ƒ bwbw jI dy kUcy dI DUV m`Qy au~qy lwaux leI imlxI BI iek v`fI brkiq hY [ pr, pwiqSwh pwiqSwh hI hY, auh bVI au~cI Swn vwlw hY, auh Awp hI bwxI dw smuMdr sI, auh qW ‘Awip nrwiexu klw Dwir jg mih prvirE’ [

isr& gurU Akwl purK dI ausqiq:

gurU gRMQ swihb jI dw ie`k ie`k Sbd, ie`k ie`k quk, gurU-rUp hY; ies ivc qy gurU nwnk, gurU goibMd isMG jI ivc rqw BI &rk nhIN hY [ kI bwbw mohn jI dI ausqiq qy gurU nwnk pwiqSwh dI ausqiq guris`K vwsqy ie`ko drjw r`K skdI hY? piqbRqw iesqRI dy ihrdy ivc Awpxy pqI dw ipAwr hI itk skdw hY, pqI dy iksy AzIz qoN AzIz snbMDI ƒ BI auho ipAwr nhIN iml skdw [ gurU gRMQ swihb jI dw hryk AMg sohxw hY, qy is`K dy jIvn leI sdw kwiem rihx vwlw cwnx-munwrw hY [ ies ivc ausqiq isr& Akwl purK dI hI ho skdI hY [

gurbwxI ivc l&z mohn:

gauVI, gUjrI, iblwvl, bsMq, mwrU, quKwrI Awidk rwgW ivc keI Sbd AYsy imldy hn jo gurU nwnk swihb Aqy gurU Arjn swihb dy aucwry hoey hn qy ijnHW ivc Akwl purK ƒ ‘mohn’ AwK ky Xwd kIqw hY [ mzmUn dy bhuq lµmw ho jwx dy fr qoN auh Sbd eyQy id`qy nhIN jw skdy [ pwTk s`jx ienHW rwgW ivcoN Awp auh Sbd vyK lYx [ AsW hux aus Sbd qy ivcwr krnI hY ijs ivc swKI-Anuswr bwbw mohn jI dI ausqiq d`sI jw rhI hY [ gauVI rwg ivc gurU Arjn swihb jI dw ieh dUjw ‘CMq’ hY [

suAwdlI sWJ:

ies CMq ilKx qoN pihlW pwTk s`jxW dI syvw ivc bynqI hY ik ies rwg ivc gurU nwnk dyv jI dy ‘CMq’ gurU Amrdws jI dy ‘CMq’ Aqy gurU Arjn swihb jI dy ‘CMq’ rqw ^ws iDAwn dy ky pVHo—sWJy l&z, keI sWJIAW qukW, keI sWJy i^Awl qy ie`ko hI vlvlw, ieauN jwpdw hY ijvyN ‘CMq’ ie`ko hI sWcy ivc Fly hoey hn [ ijs vlvly, ijs ibrhoN dI nYN gurU nwnk swihb ny vgweI hY ausy ivc gurU Amrdws jI Aqy gurU Arjn swihb jI qwrIAW lweI jw rhy hn [ ie`QoN sw& id`sdw hY ik gurU nwnk dyv jI dy ieh ‘CMq’ gurU Amrdws jI pws mOjUd sn qy aunHW vwly rMg ivc gurU Arjn swihb jI ny BI Awpxy ‘CMq’ aucwry sn [ hW, AwvIey Awpxy mzmUn vl [

gauVI mhlw 5 CMq ]

mohn qyry aUcy mMdr mhl Apwrw ] mohn qyry sohin duAwr jIau sMq Drmswlw ] Drmswl Apwr dYAwr Twkur, sdw kIrqnu gwvhy ] jh swD sMq iekqR hovih, qhw quJih iDAwvhy ] kir dieAw mieAw dieAwl suAwmI, hohu dIn ik®pwrw ] ibnvMiq nwnk drs ipAwsy imil drsn suKu swrw ]1] mohn, qyry bcn AnUp, cwl inrwlI ] mohn, qUM mwnih eyku jI, Avr sB rwlI ] mwnih q eyku, AlyKu Twkuru, ijnih sB kl DwrIAw ] quDu bcin gur kY vis kIAw, Awid purKu bnvwrIAw ] qUM Awip cilAw, Awip rihAw, Awip sB kl DwrIAw ] ibnvMiq nwnk pYj rwKhu, sB syvk srin qumwrIAw ]2] mohn, quDu sqsMgiq iDAwvY, drs iDAwnw ] mohn, jmu nyiV n AwvY, quDu jpih indwnw ] jmkwlu iqn kau lgY nwhI, jo iek min iDAwvhy ] min bcin krim ij quDu ArwDih sy sBy Pl pwvhy ] ml mUq mUV ij mugD hoqy, is dyiK drsu suigAwnw ] ibnvMiq nwnk rwju inhclu, pUrn purK Bgvwnw ]3] mohn, qUM suPlu PilAw, sxu prvwry ] mohn puqR mIq BweI kutMb siB qwry ] qwirAw jhwnu lihAw, AiBmwnu, ijnI drsnu pwieAw ] ijnI quD no DMn kihAw, iqn jmu nyiV n AwieAw ] byAMq gux qyry kQy n jwhI, siqgur purK murwry ] ibnvMiq nwnk tyk rwKI, ijqu lig qirAw sMswry ]4]2]

ilKI hoeI swKI BwvyN pwTk-s`jxW dy mn dI vwg ƒ bwbw mohn jI vl prqweI r`Ky, nhIN qW auN\ bwbw jI dI ausqiq vwsqy ie`Qy guMjwieS nhIN id`sdI [ pihly AMk dI cOQI quk ghu nwl pVHo [ kI swD sMq Drmswlw ivc iek`Ty ho ky bwbw mohn jI ƒ iDAwauNdy hn jW mohn-pRBU ƒ? qIjy bMd ƒ BI ghu nwl pVH ky vyKo! ikqy koeI quk bwbw mohn jI nwl myl nhIN KWdI [ hux cOQw bMd pVHo, qIjI quk ‘qwirAw jhwnu, lihAw AiBmwn, ijnI drsnu pwieAw’ kI ieh is&q gurU prmySr dI ho skdI hY jW iksy mnu`K dI? dyKo pMjvIN quk ivc, ijs dw drSn jhwn ƒ qwrn dy smr`Q hY aus ƒ ikvyN bulwauNdy hn? AwKdy hn, hy ‘siqgur purK murwry! byAMq gux qyry kQy n jwhI’ [

dUjy bMd ƒ smJx ivc aukweI:

hux ghu nwl pVHo dUjw bMd [ ies dI BI pMjvIN quk koeI S`k qy koeI BulyKw nhIN rihx dyNdI, ‘qUM Awip cilAw Awip rihAw, Awip sB kl DwrIAw’ [ ieh ‘Awip sB kl DwrIAw’ vwlw Akwl purK qoN ibnw hor kOx ho skdw hY? hW, ies bMd dI dUjI quk ivc byprvwhI nwl kuJ rlw ijhw pYNdw irhw hY [ ikvyN? l&z ‘qUM’ dy ArQ ƒ Zlq smJ ky [ ieh quk hY ‘mohn qUM mwnih eyku jI, Avr sB rwlI’ [

l&z ‘qUM’ dy ArQ dw inrnw:

jdoN iksy Sbd dy iksy l&z Awidk bwry koeI S`k pey, qW aus ƒ h`l krn dw ie`ko hI rsqw hY ik aus l&z Awidk dI vrqoN gurbwxI ivc iksy hor QW vyKIey [ so l&z ‘qUM’ dw ArQ vyKx leI hor pRmwx pwTkW dy swhmxy pyS kIqy jWdy hn:

1.  sMic hir Dnu, pUij siqguru, Coif sgl ivkwr ]

ijin ‘qUM’ swij svwirAw, hir ismir hoie auDwr ]1]25]95]   {isrIrwgu m: 5

qUM=qYƒ [

2.  aun sMqn kY myrw mnu kurbwny ]

ijn ‘qUM’ jwqw jo quDu min Bwny ]4]13]20]  {mwJ m: 5

qUM=qYƒ [

3.  iqsu kurbwxI ijin ‘qUM’ suixAw ]

iqsu bilhwrI ijin rsnw BixAw ]1]20]27]   {mwJ m: 5

qUM=qYƒ [

4.  Anidnu gux gwvw pRB qyry ] quDu slwhI pRIqm myry ]

quDu ibnu Avru n koeI jwcw, gur prswdI ‘qUM’ pwvixAw ]4]1]34]   {mwJ m: 5

qUM=qYƒ [

5.  ijin ‘qUM’ swij svwir sIgwirAw ]

grB Agin mih ijnih aubwirAw ]1]4]   {gauVI suKmnI m: 5

qUM=qYƒ [

hor gur-ivA`kqIAW dI bwxI ivcoN BI pRmwx id`qy jw skdy hn [ pr ie`Qy ijs Sbd qy ivcwr ho rhI hY auh gurU Arjn swihb dw hY, ies leI pRmwx isr& aunHW dI bwxI ivcoN hI ley hn [

hux ArQ kro:

hy mohn! qYƒ ie`k ƒ (lok AsiQr) mMndy hn, hy mohn jI! bwkI swrI isRStI nwsvMq hY [ hy mohn! qYƒ ie`k AlyK Twkur ƒ (lok AsiQr) mMndy hn, ijs ny (jgq ivc) swrI s`iqAw pweI hoeI hY [ (qyry syvkW ny) qYƒ (quDu) Awid purK bnvwrI ƒ gurU dy Sbd dI rwhIN v`s kIqw hY [

swrI ivcwr dw is`tw:

hux qk dI ivcwr nwl AsI ies nqIjy qy A`pVy hW ik gurU gRMQ swihb dI bIV iqAwr krn leI gurU Arjn swihb pws pihly chuMAW hI gurU swihbwn dI swrI bwxI mOjUd sI [ aunHW ƒ ikqy BI hukmnwmy Byjx dI loV nhIN sI pY skdI [ bwhroN iksy hor sMcI jW sMcIAW dI BI loV nhIN sI [ ijs Sbd ivc bwbw mohn jI dI ausqiq smJI jw rhI hY, auh Sbd inrol prmwqmw dI is&iq-swlwh ivc hY [

{vDIk vwk&IAq vwsqy pVHo myry ilKy pusqk—‘gurbwxI qy ieiqhws bwry’, ‘is`K isdku n hwry’, ‘Drm qy sdwcwr’, ‘srb`q dw Blw’, ‘burweI dw twkrw’—‘isMG bRdrz’, mweI syvW, AMimRqsr qoN imldy hn}

gurbwxI Aqy ies dw ivAwkrx

AnoKw suBwg Avsr:

ApRYl, 1909 ivc mYtirk pws kr ky mYN sqMbr 1909 ivc Kwlsw imfl skUl, sWgly sYkMf mwstr bx ky clw igAw [ gurU nwnk swihb dw jnm-purb auQy bVy auqSwh nwl mnwieAw jWdw sI [ (izlw isAwlkot) dy BweI igAwn isMG jI nwmDwrI aus purb smy sWgly Awey [ ngr-kIrqn ivc aunHW Sbd pVHy, h`ly dIAW DwrnW qy [ Sbd pVHn dw qW mYƒ BI SOk sI, pr mYN jotIAW dIAW DwrnW hI is`KIAW hoeIAW sn [ ieh pihlw mOkw sI jdoN mYN h`ly dIAW DwrnW dy Sbd suxy [ qy mYN nwmDwrI vIrW dy ies pRcwr-FMg auqy moihq ho igAw [ BweI igAwn isMG jI bhuqy Sbd BgqW dI bwxI ivcoN hI pVHdy rhy [ Dwrn h`ly dI, aus nwloN FolkI CYixAW dI imlvIN sur, isMGW dw rl ky auqSwh nwl aus Dwrn ƒ gwauxw sRoiqAW auqy vjd dI hwlq pYdw kr irhw sI [ ivc ivc BweI igAwn isMG jI Awpxy surIly gly nwl Sbd dI ivAwiKAw krdy sn [ qukW dy ArQ krn vyly auh qukW dy iqMn iqMn cwr cwr ArQ krdy sn [ ieh ivdvqw-BrI ivAwiKAw suxn dw BI myry vwsqy pihlw mOkw sI [ mYN BweI igAwn isMG jI qoN sdky huMdw jw irhw sW [ aunHW dw srUr-BirAw ichrw A`j qk keI vyrI myrIAW A`KW dy swhmxy Aw jWdw irhw hY [

lgn:

gurpurb lµG igAw [ BweI igAwn isMG jI sWGly pMj s`q idn hor Tihry [ dIvwn sjdy rhy, ij`Qy auh h`ly dIAW DwrnW qy Sbd suxWdy rhy [ Sbd Awm qOr qy Bgq-bwxI ivcoN hI sn [ aunHW nwl pMj s`q idnW dI sMgq dw sdkw mYƒ BI ieh lgn l`g geI [ mYN pMifq qwrw isMG jI Aqy BweI Bgvwn isMG jI dy Bgq-bwxI dy tIky mMgvw ley [ Sbd zbwnI Xwd krny SurU kr id`qy, qy h`ly dIAW DwrnW qy dIvwnW ivc gwxy BI SurU kr id`qy [ Sbd Xwd BI Awm qOr qy auhI krny jo bhu-ArQk hox [ sWglw qW mYN 1910 ivc hI C`f AwieAw, pr BweI igAwn isMG jI dI Cuh qoN hwsl kIqI lgn myrw p`kw swQI bx geI [ 1911 ivc mYN idAwl isMG kwlj lwhOr ivc pVHn leI jw dw^l hoieAw [ auQy BI gurpurbW smy isMG-sBw vloN huMdy ngr-kIrqnW ivc mYN iksy nw iksy j`Qy dy nwl Swml ho ky h`ly dy Sbd pVHn Aqy aunHW dI bhu-ArQk ivAwiKAw krn dw SOk pUrw kr hI lYNdw sW [

jwg:

sMn 1913 dIAW grmIAW dy idn sn [ AYP. ey. dw iemiqhwn dy ky mYN Awpxy ipMf (Qrpwl) igAw hoieAw sW swfy ipMf qoN A`D ku mIl qy sI (reIAw qsIl izlw isAwl kot) [ auQy iek gurduAwrw sI [ Awm qOr qy rozwnw kuJ smW mYN auQy guzwirAw krdw sW [ iek idn iek jM\ dupihr k`tx vwsqy gurduAwry ivc Aw itkI [ ieh jM\ sI AwrIAw smwjI vIrW dI [ iek pRcwrk BI aunHW dy nwl sI [ auh s`jx myry pws Aw bYTw [ g`lW-bwqW CyV ky mYƒ kihx l`gw—jy iksy mnu`K pwsoN aus dy ipau dw nwm pu`CIey, auh A`goN au~qr dyvy, ik myry ipau dw nwm Aih sI, jW Aih sI, jW Aih sI [ iesy qrHW ‘jW, jW’ ivc auh A`T nO nwm d`s dyvy [ aus dw ieh au~qr sux ky iehI AMdwzw lwxw peygw ik aus mnu`K ƒ jW qW Awpxy ipau dw nwm hI nhIN AwauNdw, jW ieh Awp hI pwgl hY [

g`l bwq dw ieh pYNqVw bMnH ky auh pRcwrk s`jx iPr mYƒ kihx l`gw—qusIN is`K lok &^r nwl ieh AwKdy ho ik isr& quhwfw hI Dwrimk gRMQ AYsw hY jo quhwfI AwpxI bolI ivc hY [ pr hwl quhwfw ieh hY ik iek iek quk dy ds ds ArQ krn ƒ qusIN ivdvqw smJdy ho [ kI ieh ivdvqw hY jW nw-vwk&IAq?

b`s! auh s`jx dI ieh tok myry AMdr kwt kr geI [ mYN bhu-ArQk ivdvqw dI nINdr ivcoN jwg ipAw [ mYƒ smJ Aw geI ik pMj sO swlW qoN pihlW dI purwxI bolI ƒ n smJx krky ‘jW, jW’ vwly AMdwzy ivdvqw dI inSwnI nhIN hn [ aus idn qoN mYƒ aus bhu-ArQkqw dI iv`idAw dw hulwrw Awauxw mu`k igAw [

bolI bdldI rihMdI hY:

ieh ie`k is`DI-pDrI g`l ik A`j qoN hzwrW swl pihlW ies DrqI auqy bhuq QoVHI v`soN sI [ ieh vsoN huMdI BI DrqI dy aunHW ih`isAW ivc hI sI, ijhVy kudrqI qOr qy AMn-aupjwaU huMdy sn [ iksy ie`ko ielwky ivc v`sdy lokW dI bolI BI, kuJ kuJ &rk nwl, qkrIbn ieko ijhI hoxI BI kudrqI g`l hY [

pr mu`F-kdImW qoN hI AijhIAW GtnwvW BI huMdIAW clIAW AweIAW hn, ijnHW dy kwrn v`sdy dyS aujVdy rhy, qy aujVy dyS v`sdy rhy hn [ it`fI-dl ny purwxy smy ivc AnykW v`sdy dys aujwVy [ lµmI AOV BI v`sidAW ƒ aujwVdI rhI hY [ ieho ijhIAW GtnwvW dy kwrn sYNkVy hzwrW iek`Ty-v`sdy Grwxy sdw leI ivCV jWdy hn [ nvyN vwXU-mMfl ivc jw ky sdIAW ipCoN aunHW dI bolI bdl jWdI hY ieauN jwpdw hY ik aunHW bolIAW ivc ikqy koeI sMbMD hI nhIN sI [ ^ws Koj kIiqAW hI koeI koeI sWJy l&z l`Bdy hn, ijhVy sdIAW pihlW dI koeI purwxI sWJ drsWdy hn [

vMngI vjoN rUsI bolI Aqy sMsik®q ivcoN kuJ l&z hyTW id`qy jWdy hn:

(1) ku`qw mnu`K dw bVw purwxw swQI quirAw Aw irhw jwpdw hY [ ku`qy vwsqy rUsI l&z ‘subwhkw’ Aqy sMsik®q dw l&z hY ‘sÍk’ (Óvk:) [ kYsI Ajb sWJ id`sdI hY! pr rUs ivc qW ieh l&z kwiem hY [ swfy dys ivc isr& ikqwbW ivc hI rih igAw [

(2) ‘ru`K’ vwsqy rUsI l&z ‘dyr@v’ (dyhrv) hY [ sMsik®q ivc ‘dRüm’ (dRum) [

(3) bhuq TMFy dySW ivc isr ƒ srdI qoN bcwx dI Awm qOr qy loV pYNdI AweI hY [ sMsik®q l&z hY ‘iSrsp’ (i_rÔp)—Bwv isr dI ih&wzq krn vwlw (top Awidk) [ rUsI l&z hY ‘Slwhpw’ ‘Slwpw’ [ sMsik®q dw l&z Awm bolI ivcoN mu`k igAw [

(4) Gr bxwxw qy GrW ƒ drvwzy lwx dI loV mnu`K ƒ hzwrW swl pihlW qoN pYNdI Aw rhI hY [ sMsik®q l&z ‘dÍwr’ (¬wr), rUsI l&z ‘dÍ’ [

(5) ‘hQ’ vwsqy sMsik®q dw l&z hY ‘kr’ (kr) rUsI l&z hY ‘rukw’=‘rukwh’ [ dovyN A`Kr ault gey hn [

(6) igxqI dy ihMdsy vyKo:

do—sMsik®q ‘idÍ’ (), rUsI ‘dÍ’ [
iqMn—sMsik®q ‘iqR’ (i>), rUsI ‘iqR’ [
cwr—sMsik®q ‘cqur’ (cqur), rUsI ‘iciqr’ [
dovyN—sMsik®q auBX (aBX), rUsI ‘Ebw’ [

(7) pVnWv

swƒ—sMsik®q ‘nh’ (n:) rUsI ‘ns’ [
quhwƒ—sMsik®q ‘vh’ (v:), rUsI ‘vs’ [

not: sMsik®q dw ‘:’ (s`) hY [

(8) sRI rwm cMdr jI dI jIvn-kQw ijs sB qoN purwxI pusqk ivc ilKI hoeI hY, aus dw Awm pris`D nwm ‘rwmwiex’ hY [ pr hYrwnI dI g`l hY ik rUsI bolI ivc ‘khwxI, kQw’ vwsqy l&z hY ‘rmwhx’ [

(9) ik®Aw ivSySx

qdoN—sMsik®q ‘qdw’ (qdw), rUsI ‘qgdw’ [
kdoN—sMsik®q ‘kdw’ (kdw), ‘kgdw’ [
‘n kdw’ (n kdw)=rUsI ‘in-kgdw’ [
sdw—sMsik®q ‘sdw’ (sdw), rUsI ‘visgdw’ [

(10) sMsik®q ivc iksy ivSySx qoN ‘Bwv-vwck nwm’ bxwx leI ‘ivSySx’ dy AMq ivc ‘qw’ (qw) lweIdw hY, rUsI ivc ‘dw’ [

sMsik®q ‘pRBU’ (pRBu), rUsI ‘pRv’ ienHW qoN Bwv-vwck nwm’ [
sMsik®q ‘pRBUqw’ (pRBuqw) rUsI ‘pRvdw’

(11) ik®Aw

dyxw—sMsik®q ‘dw’ (dw), rUsI ‘dq’ [
if`gxw—sMsik®q (pq`), rUsI ‘podq’ [
vycxw—sMsik®q ‘pRdw’ (pRdw) rUsI ‘pRdq’ [

(12) kuJ ku hor l&z:

pwxI—sM: ‘audk’ (adk) rUsI ‘vdw’ [
hvw—sM: ‘vwq’ (vwq) rUsI ‘vyqr’ [
s`kr—sM: ‘Srkrw’ (_kLrw), rUsI ‘swKr’ [
Awkws—sM: ‘nBs’ (pRBs`), rUsI ‘nybo’ [

AnykW hI Ajyhy l&z imldy hn, jo swfy dyS ivc qW sMsik®q dIAW ikqwbW ivc hI rih gey hn, pr rUs ivc Ajy qk boly jw rhy hn [

ieauN jwpdw hY ik iksy lµmI AOV, iBAwnk mrI jW it`fIdl Awidk dI ibpqw ny iek`Ty v`sidAW ivcoN sYNkVy hzwrW GrwixAW ƒ auQoN d`Kx vl Awaux qy mjbUr kIqw [ ieQy, kuJ qW bdly hoey hvw-pwxI dw Asr ipAw, kuJ ieQoN dy pihly vsnIkW nwl myl-jol dw Asr hoieAw [

bolI ikauN bdldI hY?

sMn 1935 dw izkr hY [ myrw Cotw kwkw jdoN g`lW is`Kx-jogw hoieAw, AsI aus ƒ isKWdy sW, kwkw! AwK—‘Bwpw jI’ [ AgoN auh AwKdw sI—‘Bwpw gw’ [ AsI AwKIey, AwK—‘Bwbo jI’ [ auh AwKy—‘Bbkw’ [ aus dI ies Ascrj bolI auqy AsI swry bVy hI hYrwn sW [ kuJ icr AsI ieh smJdy rhy, ik ieh jwx-bu`J ky ‘Bwpw gw’ Aqy ‘Bbkw’ hI AwKdw hY [ pr auh qW keI mhIny hI ‘Bwpw gw’ Aqy ‘Bbkw’ hI AwKdw irhw [

aus dI ies Ascrj bolI dw kwrn Aw^r swfI smJ ivc Aw hI igAw [ jdoN auh Ajy Cotw ijhw sI, auh AwpxI jIB bu`lHW qoN bwhr nhIN k`F skdw sI [ du`D BI cMgI qrHW nhIN cuMG skdw sI [ fwktr ƒ ivKwieAw [ aus ny d`isAw ik jIB-hyTlw qMdUAw bhuq viDAw hoieAw hY, ieh k`txw peygw [ pr, auh vDIk k`itAw igAw [ ieh qMdUAw jIB dy hyT QMmHI dw kMm krdw hY [ jIB ƒ cu`k ky qwlU nwl iehI joVdw hY [ b`cy dw qMdUAw, vDIk k`itAw jwx krky, kmzor ho cukw sI [ auh aus dI jIB ƒ cu`k ky qwlU nwl joV nhIN sI skdw [ qy ijhVy (c, C, j, J, \, e, X, S) A`Kr jIB dy qwlU nwl juiVAW hI aucwry jw skdy sn, aus pwsoN aucwry nhIN sn jWdy [ aus dw sMG KulHw rihx krky A`Kr ‘j’ dy QW aus dy sMG ivcoN ivcoN A`Kr ‘g’ inkldw sI [ ‘j’ dI ‘ I ’ dy QW aus dy mUMhoN ‘Aw’ inkldw sI [ so, l&z ‘jI’ dy QW auh ‘gw’ AwKdw sI [ l&z ‘Bwbo jI’ aucwrn dy rwh ivc aus ƒ iek hor AOiKAweI Aw pYNdI sI [ A`Kr ‘b’ Aqy A`Kr ‘j’ dovyN hI Awpo Awpxy vrg dw qIjw A`Kr hn [ ieh dovyN iek`Ty BI aus jIB dw kmzor qMdUAw aus pwsoN aucwrn krwx leI AsmrQ sI [ ies vwsqy ‘Bwpw jI’ dI QW ‘Bwpw gw’ AwK skx vwlw b`cw ‘Bwbo jI’ dy l&z ‘jI’ dy QW ‘kw’ hI AwK skdw sI [

A`KrW dy aucwrx-AsQwn:

A`KrW dy aucwrn-sQwnW dw jwxnw pwTkW vwsqy idlcsp hovygw:

(1) AkUh ivsrjnIXwnW kMT:- Bwv mnu`K Awpxy sMG (gly) qoN hyT-ilKy A`Kr aucwrdw hY—A, h, k, K, g, G, | [

(2) iecU XSwnW qwlU:- jdoN jIB qwlU nwl juVy, qW hyT-ilKy A`Kr aucwry jw skdy hn—eI, X, S, c, C, j, J, \ [

(3) ilRqU lswnW dMqw:- jIB dw Aglw isrw dMdW nwl joiVAW hyT ilKy A`Kr aucwr skIdy hn—ilR, l; s, q; d, D, n [

(4) irtU r^wxW mUrDw:- jdoN jIB dw Aglw isrw qwlU nwl joiVAw jwey, qdoN hyT-ilKy A`Kr aucwry jw skdy hn—ir (¢) r, K, t, T, f, F, x [

(5) aupUpdmwnIXwnW ESTaU—dohW bulHW ƒ mIitAW hyT-ilKy A`Kr aucwr skIdy hn—a, v, p, P, b, B, m [

iksy iek vwXU-mMfl ivcoN irhwieS C`f ky jy mnu`K hzwrW mIlW dI iv`Q qy iksy nvyN vwXU-mMfl ivc jw v`sy, qW shjy shjy aus dy gly dIAW Awvwz pYdw krn vwlIAW nwVIAW auqy Asr pYNdw jWdw hY [ C`f-cuky vwXU mMfl dI bolI dy keI A`Kr aucwrny aus vwsqy AOKy huMdy jWdy hn, qy nvyN vwXU-mMfl dI bolI dy keI nvyN A`Kr aus leI aucwrny sOKy huMdy jWdy hn [ nvIN bolI vwly lokW nwl myl-imlwp BI ies qbdIlI ivc bhuq shweI ho jWdw hY [

pVHy hoey Aqy AnpVH mnu`K dI bolI ivc BI bVw &rk pY jWdw hY [ pVHy hoey bMdy dIAW nwd-qMqIAW ƒ ijhVw rozwnw AiBAws imldw hY, AnpVH aus AiBAws qoN ^wlI rih jWdw hY [ qWhIeyN AnpVH mnu`K keI AYsy A`Kr AwswnI nwl nhIN aucwr skdy, ijnHW dy vwsqy pVHy hoey mnu`K ƒ koeI AOiKAweI nhIN huMdI [

bolI dI ies qrHW pYdw ho rhI qbdIlI dw Asr bolI dy ivAwkrx auqy BI pY jWdw hY, ikauNik ‘ivAwkrx’ kIh hY? ivAwkrx hY iksy bolI dy prspr sMbMD dy inXmW dw sMgRih [ jdoN l&zW dI Skl bdldI hY, qW aunHW dw Awpo ivc sMbMD pYdw krn vwly l&zW dI Skl ivc BI &rk pYdw huMdw jWdw hY [ ies qrHW qbdIl hoeI bolI dy ivAwkrx dI Skl BI bdl ky hor ho jWdI hY [

gurbwxI dy ivAwkrx sMbMDI ieqrwz:

jdoN 1932 qoN ipCoN kuJ ku pMjwbI mwsk p`qrW ivc mYN gurbwxI ivAwkrx bwry mzmUn ilKxy SurU kIqy, qW keI s`jxW ny bVI ivroDqw kIqI [ myry auqy ieh dUSx l`gx pey, ik ieh smuMdr ƒ ku`jy ivc bMd krn dy jqn kr irhw hY [

swƒ iek g`l cyqy r`KxI cwhIdI hY, auh ieh ik iksy bolI ƒ iksy ^ws ivAwkrx dy ipCy qoirAw nhIN jw skdw [ ivAwkrx qW bolI ivcoN l`BIdw hY [ mu`FlI cIz hY bolI [ aus bolI dy l&zW dy prspr myl dy inXmW ƒ l`B ky ivAwkrx bxweIdw hY [

bolI suqy hI ivAwkrx Anuswr:

koeI mnu`K piVHAw hoieAw hovy, cwhy AnpVH hovy, aumroN koeI isAwxw hovy cwhy AM\wxw, suqy hI hryk pRwxI jo kuJ boldw hY, auh aus dy dys dI bolI dy ivAwkrx Anuswr hI huMdw hY [ muMfw jWdI hY, kuVI jWdw hY—Ajyhy vwk koeI BI nhIN bolygw [

1929 dw izkr hY [ mYN gurU nwnk ^wlsw kwlj, gujrWvwly ivc pVHWdw sW [ myrw Gr kwlj dy swhmxy hI koeI A`Dy &rlWg dI iv`Q qy sI [ svyry kwlj jwx l`gw [ aus vyly myrw iek Cotw lVkw Aqy aus dI BYx Gr dy bUhy qoN bwhr bYTy Kyf rhy sn [ koloN lµGidAW suBwvk hI mYN auhnW ƒ pu`iCAw ik auh kI kr rhy hn [ pr pu`Cx vyly myry mUMh l&z inkly ‘kIh kr rhIAW ho?’ lVky dI aumr aus vyly FweI swlW dI sI, Aqy lVkI dI aumr A`T swlW dI [ myry ieh l&z sux ky myrw lVkw iKV iKV h`s ipAw [ AwpxI ZlqI dw qW mYƒ ausy vyly pqw l`g igAw sI, jdoN auh l&z myry mUMhoN inkly sn [ pr mYN hux vyKxw cwhuMdw sW ik kI ieh Cotw ijhw b`cw BI myrI ZlqI ƒ qwV igAw hY? mYN aus ƒ pu`iCAw—kulvMq! ikauN h`isAw hYN? A`goN aus ny au~qr id`qw—AsIN dovyN kuVIAW qW nhIN [ mYN AwiKAw kIh AwKxw cwhIdw sI? aus ny jvwb id`qw—qusW AwKxw sI—‘kIh kr rhy ho?’ FweI swlW dy b`cy ƒ Ajy ivAwkrx nhIN pVHwieAw jw skdw sI [ pr ijqnw kuJ aus ny bolx dI jwc suqy hI is`KI sI auh ivAwkrx Anuswr hI sI [ so, bolI ƒ ivAwkrx Anuswr GVn dy jqn nhIN ho skdy [ bolI kudrqI qOr qy hI vDdI-PuldI hY [ bolI ivcoN imhnq nwl inXm l`B ky ivAwkrx iqAwr krnw pYNdw hY [

bolI ny qW bdldy rihxw hY [ ijs bolI dw ivAwkrx qy koS klm-bMd nhIN ho jWdy, aus bolI dw auh purwqn srUp smJ-gocrw nhIN rih jWdw [ vydW vwlI sMsik®q A`j ikqy BI bolI nhIN jw rhI [ pr aus dy aus vyly dy bxy hoey ivAwkrx Aqy koS dI shwieqw nwl vydW ƒ ivdvwn lok hux BI bhuq h`d qk smJ lYNdy hn [

sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dI bwxI dI bolI dw ivAwkrx BI iesy Bwvnw nwl hI iqAwr kIqw igAw [ ies dI shwieqw nwl bhu-ArQkqw qkrIbn ^qm ho skdI hY [ bhu-ArQkqw dw mUL-kwrn hI ieh sI, ik bwxI ivc dy l&z dy ArQW Aqy aunHW l&zW dy ivAwkrx dy sMbMD bwry pUrI idRVqw nhIN sI [ ho skdI BI nhIN sI [ bolI pMj sO swl pihlW dI hY [

gurbwxI dy ivAwkrx dI pihlI Jlk:

gurU nwnk ^wlsw kwlj, gujrWvwlw meI 1917 ivc KulHw sI [ sMsik®q Aqy gurbwxI pVHwx vwsqy qdoN hI mYƒ BI auQy mulwzmq iml geI [ &rvrI 1920 ivc s: joD isMG jI auQoN dy ipRsIpl bx ky Awey [ aunHW dI AgvweI Aqy pRyrnw sdkw mYN gurU gRMQ swihb dI bwxI ƒ ^ws ghu nwl pVHnw ivcwrnw SurU kIqw [ pr l&zW dI ivAwkrixk bnwvt vloN Ajy mukMml hnyrw sI [

dsMbr dy mhIny ivc gurU qyZ bhwdr swihb dI ShIdI idn AwauNdw hY [ auQoN dy ^wlsw hweI skUl dy AwlISwn gurduAwry ivc hr swl AKMf pwT r`iKAw jWdw sI [ sMn 1920 ivc BI AKMf pwT r`iKAw igAw [ myry cMgy BwgW ƒ mYƒ BI aus pwT ivc Swml hox leI AwigAw hoeI [ Swm vyly mY iek`lw bYTw pwT kr irhw sW [ skUl dy ividAwrQI sB lµgr ivc gey hoey sn [ isr& ie`k ividAwrQI cOr PVI Kloqw sI [ auNJ qW keI vwr pwT kIqw hoieAw sI, pr Bwg ju jwgxy sn [ do nwl nwl dIAW qukW ivc l&z ‘Sbd’ iqMn vwrI Aw igAw [ SklW iqMny hI v`K v`K—‘sbdu, sbd, sbid’ [ iDAwn ies pwsy jw ipAw ik ieko l&z dIAW iqMny SklW ikauN? sMsik®q Aqy pRwik®q dy ivAwkrx dw ipCokV kw&I pRbl sI [ gurU pwiqSwh dI imhr hoeI [ fyF GMty dy aus smy ieauN jwipAw, ik rqw ku Jlk peI hY [ koeI ie`k in`kw ijhw inXm l`B ipAw hY [ pwT qoN ivhly ho ky Gr jw ky aus nvIN Jlk dI pVcol SurU kr id`qI [ aus l`By inXm ƒ sMsik®q Aqy pRwik®q dy inXmW nwl tkrwieAw [ g`l bx geI [ rwh KulH ipAw [

auqwvlw-pn, sPlqw:

hux jI kwhlw pey, ik koeI ivdvwn imly, jo CyqI CyqI aunHW luky hoey inXmW dI sUJ pw dyvy [ pr ikqoN BI Aws pUrI huMdI nwh id`sI [

sMn 1921 ivc auh kwlj bMd ho igAw [ julweI 1921 ivc mYN SromxI gurduAwrw pRbMDk kmytI, AMimRqsr ivc mIq-sk`qr dI ifaUtI qy Aw l`gw [ Jbdy hI srkwr nwl t`kr ho geI [ morcy l`g gey [ mYƒ BI v`fy Gr jwxw ipAw, jo iek lukvIN rihmq swbq hoeI [ auQy inrI ivhl hI ivhl, qy aus ivhl ƒ mYN vriqAw gurbwxI dy ivAwkrx dI Bwl vwsqy [ ^zwny hI l`Bdy gey [

1927 ivc mYN muV gurU nwnk ^wlsw kwlj gujrWvwly AwpxI pihlI nOkrI qy clw igAw [ iek hor Fo Fuk ipAw [ swfy guAWF hI sI, ‘Kwlsw XqIm Kwnw’ auQy iek in`kw ijhw sqsMg jwrI ho igAw, ijs dw mnorQ ieh sI, ik swry gurU gRMQ swihb dI bwxI dy ArQ ivcwry jwx [ aus vkq qk dy l`By hoey ivAwkrixk inXmW ƒ aus sqsMg ivc vrqx dw qkrIbn do swl qk mOkw imldw irhw, ijs dI brkiq nwl auh ivAwkrx p`lr p`lr ky cMgw g`BrU ho igAw [

nvMbr 1929 ivc mYN Kwlsw kwlj, AMimRqsr ivc Aw igAw [ 1931 ivc sRI drbwr swihb, AMimRqsr dI pRbMDk kmytI ny mMg kIqI, ik koeI iDr sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dw ivAwkrx iqAwr kry [ vDIAw imhnq ƒ iek hzwr rupey dy ienwm dw bcn kIqo ny [ iek swl dI imAwd imlI qy 1932 qy A^Ir qk mYN aunHW iek`Ty kIqy inXmW ƒ iek pusqk dI Skl ivc iqAwr kr ilAw [ 1938-39 ivc auh pusqk Cpvw id`qI geI [ sqMbr 1939 ivc gurduAwrw pRbMDk kmytI ny Awpxw bcn pUrw kr id`qw [

gurbwxI ivcoN kuJ ku ivAwkrixk vMngIAW:

not:- pwTk s`jx vyK lYxgy, ik ieko l&z dI ivAwkrixk Skl bdl jwx qy aus l&z dw dUjy l&zW nwl sMbMD BI bdl jWdw hY [

(1) sbdu, sbd, sbid

gur kw ‘sbdu’ rqMn hY, hIry ijqu jVwau ]

 . . . . . . *  *  *

‘sbd’ syqI mn imilAw, scY lwieAw Bwau ]25] pMnw 920

gurmuiK coru n lwig, hir nwim jgweIAY ]

‘sbid’ invwrI Awig joiq dIpweIAY ]6] pMnw 752 ]

(2) gur, guru, guir

‘gur’ ibnu Avru nwhI mY Qwau ]

Anidnu jpau gurU ‘gur’ nwau ]1]rhwau]

‘guru’ myrw igAwnu, ‘guru’ irdY iDAwnu ]

 . . . . . . *  *  *

‘guru’ boihQu, qwry Bv pwir ]3]7]9] pMnw 864

BUly kau ‘guir’ mwrig pwieAw ]

Avr iqAwig hir BgqI lwieAw ]2]5]7] pMnw 864

(3) nwnk, nwnku, nwnik

ik®pwinDwin ‘nwnk’ kau krhu dwiq ]

nwm qyrw jpI idnu rwiq ]4]8]14] pMnw 740

Agm Agocru AlK Apwry [

‘nwnku’ ismrY idnu rYnw ry ]3]9]15] pMnw 740

 . . . . . . *  *  *

‘nwnik’ rwju clwieAw, scu kotu, sqwxI nIv dY ]1]      (sqy blvMf dI vwr, pMnw 966)

(4) Dn, Dnu, Din

‘Din’ gieAY gih JUrIAY, ‘Dn’ mih cIqu gvwr ]…

‘Dnu’ gieAw qw jwix dyih, jy rwcih rMig eyk ]36] pMnw 934

(5) qrvru, qrvir

‘qrvru’ kwieAw, pMiK mnu, ‘qrvir’ pMKI pMc ]

qqu cugih imil eyksy, iqn kau Pws nw rMc ]33] pMnw 934

(6) Awip, Awpu

gur prswdI CUtIAY, ikrpw ‘Awip’ kryie ]

ApxY hwiQ vfweIAw, jY BwvY qY dyie ]33] pMnw 934

prhir pwpu pCwxY ‘Awpu’ ] nw iqsu sogu ivjogu sMqwpu ]38] pMnw 935

(7) nwm, nwmu, nwim

ij ‘nwim’ lwgY so mukiq hovY,

gur ibnu ‘nwmu’ n pwvY koeI ]1]rhwau] pMnw 880

‘nwm’ ibnw nwhI dir FoeI,

JUTw Awvx jwxu ]3]10] pMnw 992

AnykW aulJxW sulJ geIAW hn

dsMbr 1920 qoN pihlW jdoN kdy BI mYN koeI Sbd AwpxI kwpI ivc auqwrdw sW, aus dy joVW dw kdy koeI iDAwn nhIN sI r`iKAw [ A`KrW dIAW lgW-mwqRW, mYƒ by-loVvIAW jwipAw krdIAW sn [ pr jdoN auh pihlI Jlk v`jI, myrIAW A`KW auGV AweIAW [ mYƒ ieauN id`isAw, ik hux qk hnyry ivc hI ttOly mwrdw irhw hW [ (not:- mYN bwxI dI bolI dy l&zW dI bxqr dI g`l kr irhw hW) [ jdoN AsI iksy fUMGy Bwv ƒ prgt krn vwly Sbd dy bwhrly rUp ƒ shI qOr qy nhIN smJdy, qW ieh nhIN ho skdw, ik AsI aus Sbd dI fUMGI Awqmk rmz ƒ smJ skIey [

mYN QoVIAW ku imswlW dy ky hI ieh lyK mukWdw hW [

(a) 1939 qoN pihlW dI g`l hY [ Ajy myrw ‘gurbwxI ivAwkrx’ CipAw nhIN sI [ pMjwb qoN bwhr rihx vwly iek au~Gy ivdvwn sMq jI mYƒ Kwlsw kwlj ivc imly [ myrw iek im`qr aunHW dy nwl sI [ myry im`qr jI ny sMq jI ƒ AwiKAw ik swihb isMG ny gurbwxI dw ivAwkrx iliKAw hY [ sMq jI ieh sux ky ^Ub h`sy [ bhuq m^Ol aufwieE ny:

mYN aunHW A`gy B`tW dy sv`eIAW ivcoN hyT-ilKIAW pMkqIAW ArQ krn vwsqy r`KIAW:

‘ieku ibMin@ dugx ju qau rhY, jw sumMiqR mwnvih lih ]

jwlpw pdwrQ ieqVy, gur Amrdwis ifTY imlih ]   {pMnw 1395

sMq jI ny ‘ieku ibMin@’ dw ArQ ‘iek qoN ibnw’ kr id`qw [ Awm qOr qy iehI ArQ kIqw cilAw Aw irhw sI [ pr ieh au~kw hI Zlq sI [ sMbMDk l&z ‘ibnu’ sdw hI A^Ir qy AONkV (   u ) vwlw huMdw hY [ iPr, ijs l&z nwl sMbMDk dw sMbMD pey aus dy A^Ir qy AONkV nhIN rih jWdw (pr l&z puilMg iek-vcn hovy), ijvyN ‘gur ibnu Goru AMDwru’ ivc l&z ‘gur’ [

ieh l&z ‘ibMin@’ ik®Aw ‘bInxw’ qoN hY [ ‘ieku ibMin@’ dw ArQ hY ‘ie`k (pRBU) ƒ pCwx ky’ [ mYN sMq jI ƒ hor BI keI vMngIAW ivKweIAW [ aunHW dI kw&I h`d qk qs`lI ho geI [ pr jWidAW prsMsw-p`qr dy gey ik ies kwF ivc iksy Akl-ilAwkq dI koeI loV nhIN [

(A) BYrau rwg ivc kbIr jI ilKdy hn:

dwsu kbIru qyrI pnh smwnW ]

iBsqu njIik rwKu rhmwnw ]4]7]15]   {pMnw 1161

l&z ‘iBsqu’ dy A`Kr ‘q’ dy hyT AONkV hY [ jy ieh nwh huMdw, qW sMbMDk ‘njIik’ dw is`Dw sMbMD l&z ‘iBsq’ nwl bx jWdw hY [ qy ies quk dw ArQ ieauN bx jWdw ‘hy rhmwn! mYƒ iBsq dy nyVy r`K [’

pr ieh qW ieslwmI i^Awl bx igAw [ is`K Drm Agly jhwn dy iksy ‘bihSq’ dw iekrwr nhIN krdw [

l&z ‘iBsqu’ dw A^Irlw AONkV d`sdw hY, ik ieh l&z sMbMDk ‘njIik’ dy ADIn nhIN hY [  so, pwT krn vyly swƒ l&z ‘iBsqu’ qy Atkxw pvygw, ijvyN ik ies dy AgWh ivsRwm-icMnH hY [

‘iBsqu, njIik rwKu rhmwnw’ ]

hy rhmwn! (mYƒ Awpxy) nyVy r`K, (iehI myry vwsqy) iBSq hY [ qy, iehI hY shI gurmiq [

(e) iesy qrHW, vyKo mwrU mhlw 1, pMnw 990

‘kwieAw Awrxu mnu ivic lohw, pMc Agin iqqu lwig rhI ]

koiely pwp pVy iqsu aUpir, mnu jilAw sMnHI icMq BeI ]3]’

iesy sMbMDk ‘ivic’ dw l&z ‘mnu’ nwl koeI sMbMD nhIN ho skdw, ikauNik l&z ‘mnu’ dy A^Ir qy AONkV hY [ ies dw ArQ ieauN hovygw:

srIr Awrx hY, Aqy ies srIr-Awrx ivc mn lohw hY [

(s) rwmklI rwg dI bwxI ‘sdu’ ƒ ivAwkrx dy cwxn ivc nw pVH skx kr ky sdw hI ieh Gbrwht bxI rhI, ik gurU Amrdws jI ny AMq vyly AwpxI ‘ikirAw’ krwx dI ikauN ihdwieq kIqI [

pr, pVHo myrw ‘sdu stIk’ [

(h) gurbwxI dy ivAwkrx qoN nwvwik& hox kr ky hI hux qk AnykW is`K s`jx ieh i^Awl bxweI bYTy hn, ik BgqW dy keI SbdW dw AwSw gurmiq nwl nhIN imldw [ kYsI AnoKI imQ hY [ pr, pVHo myrw ‘Bgq-bwxI stIk’ qy ieh Brm Awpy dUr ho jwxgy [

hux qk ies ivAwkrx dy AwDwr qy mYN keI bwxIAW dy tIky Cwp cukw hW [ ies vyly swry hI sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dw tIkw ivAwkrx dy AwDwr qy iliKAw jw cu`kw hY [ iqMn poQIAW Cp BI cukIAW hn [ ijvyN myry rwh ivcoN aulJxW sulJ rhIAW hn [ mYƒ XkIn hY ik ieh ivAwkrx Aqy ieh tIky hor s`jxW dI BI shwieqw krngy [

sRI gurU Arjn swihb ny BgqW dI bwxI ikQoN hwsl kIqI?

‘qvwrIK gurU Kwlsw’ dI gvwhI:

qvwrIK gurU Kwlsw’ dy krqw igAwn isMG jI sRI gurU Arjn dyv jI dw jIvn ilKdy hoey gurU gRMQ swihb dI ‘bIV’ iqAwr hox dw BI izkr krdy hn, qy BgqW dI bwxI bwry ieauN ilKdy hn:

‘pRqyk rwg dy AMq ivc jo BgqW dI bwxI gurU jI ilKwauNdy rhy, ies ivc do mq hn; koeI AwKdy hn ik Bgq Awp bYkuMT ivcoN Aw ky ilKwauNdy sy, qy auhnW dw drSn BI BweI gurdws ƒ aus dy sMsy dUr krn vwsqy krwieAw igAw sI [ keI AwKdy hn ik BgqW dI bwxI jyhVI gurU jI ƒ psMd AweI auhnW dIAW poQIAW qoN ilKweI hY [ so ieh bwq auhnW poQIAW qoN BI swbq hY jo gurU jI mohn pwsoN ilAwey sy, ikauNik auhnW ivc BI Bgq bwxI hY [’

mYkwil& dI rwie:

mYkwil& dI ies bwry hor rwie hY [ aus dI ilKI pusqk ‘is`K iriljn’ dy pMjwbI qrjmy ‘isK ieiqhws’ ivc ieauN iliKAw imldw hY:

gurU (Arjn swihb) jI ny Bgq jY dyv jI dy smy qoN lY ky ihMdusqwn dy v`fy v`fy sMqW BgqW dy aupwSkW ihMdUAW Aqy muslmwnW ƒ bulwieAw ik auh Aw ky pivqR bIV ivc cVHwaux leI Xog bwxI d`sx [ auhnW ny Awpo Awpxy mq dI bwxI ƒ piVHAw Aqy AjyhI bwxI, ijhVI aus smy dy pRclq suDwr dy AwSy dy AnukUl sI Xw jo gurU jI dI is`iKAw dy au~kI ault nhIN sI, pRvwx kr ky gurU gRMQ swihb jI ivc cVHweI [

ieh ieQy mMnxw pYNdw hY ik aus bwxI ivc BgqW koloN auhnW dy aupwSkW pws Awaux dy Aml kr ky (jyhVy gurU Arjn dyv jI dy smkwlI sn) kuJ Adlw-bdlI BI Aw geI Aqy ieh g`l d`sdI hY ik Bgq-bwxI ivc ieqny ikauN pMjwbI pd imldy hn, Aqy ies bwxI qy BgqW dIAW hor rcnw ivc, jyhVIAW Bwrq dy hor ih`isAW ivc sMBwl ky r`KIAW hoeIAW hn, ikauN &rk hY [

iehnW dohW Anuswr hyT-ilKy nqIjy:

igAwnI igAwn isMG jI Aqy mYkwil& swihb dy au~qr-id`qy hvwly qoN hyT-ilKy nqIjy inkl skdy hn:

(1) BgqW dI bwxI gurU Arjn swihb ny iek`TI kIqI sI [ ieh bwxI BgqW dy auhnW SrDwlUAW pwsoN leI geI sI jo gurU Arjn swihb dy vyly pMjwb ivc mOjUd sn [

(2) iehnW syvkW SrDwlUAW qoN keI SbdW ivc suqy hI Adlw-bdlI BI ho geI sI, qwhIeyN gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj SbdW nwloN Bwrq dy hor ih`isAW ivc BgqW dy sMBwly SbdW dw kuJ kuJ &rk hY, qy iehnW ivc keI pMjwbI pd imldy hn [ Bwrq dy hor ih`isAW ivc ieh bwxIAW sWB ky r`KIAW hoeIAW sn, pMjwb ivc SrDwlUAW ny by-prvwhI ijhI kIqI hoeI sI [

(3) gurU Arjn swihb qoN gur-ivAkqIAW ƒ BgqW dI bwxI nwl vwh nhIN ipAw, jW auhnW ƒ BgqW dI bwxI dy pVHn ivcwrn dI loV nhIN peI [

^qrnwk tplw:

mYkwil& swihb dy slwhkwrW ny aus ƒ iek AjIb kurwhy pwieAw jwpdw hY [ kI ieh TIk hY ik gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj hoeI BgqW dI bwxI ivc bhuqy Sbd AYsy hn jo bdlwey hoey hn? kI ies qrHW Avyslypn ivc gurU Arjn swihb auqy ieh dos nhIN lwieAw igAw ik auhnW BgqW dI AslI bwxI drj nhIN kIqI? kI ies qrHW sRI gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI au~cqw qy pivqRqw auqy hr& nhIN ilAWdw igAw? kI A`j qoN kuJ swl pihlW ijnHW pRymIAW ny BgqW dI bwxI dy gur-bwxI nwh hox dI Awvwz auTweI sI, auhnW ƒ iehI coB duKdweI ho rhI sI?

ieh mnOq ikauN?

pr ivcwrn vwlI g`l ieh hY ik mYkwil& dy swlwhkwr s`jxW ny ieh ikvyN mMn ilAw ik pMjwb qoN bwhr qW BgqW dI bwxI TIk rUp ivc sWB ky r`KI hoeI sI qy pMjwb ivc dy SrDwlUAW qoN ies ivc Adlw-bdlI ho geI [ kI BgqW qoN dUr pihlW dIAW ilKIAW hoeIAW rwmwiex mhwBwrq Awidk pusqkW ivc pMjwb dy SrDwlU ihMdU s`jxW ny Adlw-bdlI kr leI hoeI hY, qy pMjwboN bwhr auh cIzW AslI rUp ivc hn? kI rwmwiex ivc koeI l&z AYsy nhIN imldy jo pMjwb ivc BI vrqy jWdy hox? kI ihMdI Aqy pMjwbI bolI ivc koeI l&z jW pd sWJy nhIN hn? jy pMjwb ivc Aw ky ihMdI bolI dI rwmwiex TIk Awpxy rUp ivc rih skdI hY, jy rwmwiex ivc keI pMjwbI l&z huMidAW BI rwmwiex ivc iksy Adlw-bdlI dw S`k nhIN pY sikAw, qW sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj kIqy BgqW dy SbdW bwry ieh S`k ikauN ipAw hY ik Asl cIz qW bnwrs Awidk ivc hY qy pMjwb ivc vtweI hoeI cIz Aw geI hY? kI ieh ikqy auhnW s`jxW dI ik®pw qW nhIN hY ijnHW vrigAW ny gurU nwnk swihb dy gl ivc jnyaU puAw id`qw, ijnHW ny gurU goibMd isMG jI ƒ vI dyvI dw aupwSk ilK id`qw?

ieh g`l mMnI-pRmMnI hY ik Bgq kbIr jI qoN ip`CoN kbIr-pMQIAW ivc iek swDU ‘kbIr dws’ hoieAw, ies ny BI bhuq kivqw ilKI hY [ ieQoN qW sgoN ieh is`D huMdw hY ik kbIr jI dy Awpxy vqn ivc auhnW dI bwxI ivc rlw pwx dy Xqn kIqy gey sn; pMjwbI SrDwlUAW dI koeI ^ws v`KrI aukweI nhIN sI [

Adlw-bdlI pMjwb ivc nhIN ho skI:

Adlw-bdlI hox dw sB qoN v`fw kwrn iehI ho skdw hY ik syvkW SrDwlUAW ny kbIr jI dI bwxI zbwnI Xwd kr r`KI hovy, ilK ky r`Kx dw koeI pRbMD nw ho sikAw hovy [ pr, ieh auh zmwnw nhIN sI jdoN kwZz klm dvwq nwh iml skdy hox; ieh AxhoNd vydW dy zmwny ivc sI, jdoN kvI-irSI AwpxI qy Awpxy bzurgW dI rcI hoeI kivqw zbwnI Xwd r`Kdy sn [ muslmwnW dy rwj ivc qW kwZz klm dvwq dI koeI QuV nhIN sI [ so, pMjwb-vwsI ijs syvk SrDwlU ny iksy Bgq dI bwxI ilAWdI hovygI, ilK ky ilAWdI hovygI, qy nIAq sw& huMidAW ilK ky r`KI hoeI iksy bwxI ivc Awpxy-Awp Adlw-bdlI nhIN ho skdI [

Adlw-bdlI dI sMBwvnw ik`Qy?

rqw hor ghu nwl ivcwro [ BgqW dI bwxI ivc rlw pwx vwly jW Adlw-bdlI krn vwly ikQoN dy lok ho skdy sn? au~qr iblkul spSt hY [ isr& auQoN dy lok ij`Qy iksy Bgq dI bhuq mShUrI ho cu`kI hovy, ij`Qy aus dy i^AwlW dw Awm pRcwr ho igAw hovy [ iPr, kOx lok rlw pWdy hn, jW Adlw-bdlI krdy hn? Ajyhy AwdmI do iksm dy ho skdy hn; ie`k, auh jo ieh cwhuMdy hox ik pRis`D ho cuky Bgq dI bwxI dy nwl lok AswfI kivqw BI Awdr snmwn nwl pVHn; AYsy AwdmI aus Bgq dw nwm vrq ky kivqw ilKx l`g pYNdy hn [ dUjy, auh lok jo Bgq dy prcwr ivc gV-bV cwhuMdy hox [ Ajyhy dohW hI iksmW dy lok guAWFI jW SrIk hI ho skdy hn [ gurU swihbwn qoN ielwvw gurU nwnk dyv jI dw nwm vrq ky iknHW lokW ny kivqw rcxI SurU kIqI? siqgurU jI dy vqnIAW guAWFIAW qy SrIkW [ so, BgqW dI bwxI bdlx dw dUSn pMjwb auqy nhIN Aw skdw [ jy koeI Adlw-bdlI hoeI hY, qW auh BgqW dy Awpxy hI vqn ivc hY; jo cIz Bgq jI dy vyly dI jW nyVy dy smy dI pMjwb ivc ilKqI Skl ivc A`pV cukI hY auh shI rUp ivc hI rhI hY [

Bgq-bwxI dI bolI:

jdoN AsI sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj hoeI Bgq-bwxI ghu nwl pVHdy hW, qW ie`k g`l sp`St id`s rhI hY [ qkrIbn swry hI BgqW ny qkrIbn auhI ‘bolI’ vrqI hY jo lg-pg swry Bwrq ivc smJI jw sky [ ikauN? ies dw kwrn iehI ho skdw hY ik auh Awpxy i^AwlW dw pRcwr swry Bwrq ivc krnw cwhuMdy sn [ Bgq nwmdyv jI mhwrwStr dy rihx vwly sn, pr auhnW BI AwpxI bwxI Bwrq dI sWJI ijhI bolI ivc ilKI hY [ Blw, gurU swihbwn dI AwpxI bwxI rqw ghu nwl pVH ky vyKo KW! ieh izAwdwqr iks bolI ivc hY? pMjwbI bolI nhIN hY [ bhuqI qkrIbn ihMdI hI hY [ ikauN? ies vwsqy ik auh Awpxy i^AwlW ƒ swry Bwrq ivc ApVwauxw cwhuMdy sn [

Asl Bgq-bwxI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc:

AsI hux qk ivcwr cuky hW ik jo Bgq-bwxI sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj hY, BgqW dI aucwrI hoeI AslI bwxI auhI hY [ BgqW dy Awpxy vqn ivc Adlw-bdlI hoxI sMBv ho skdI sI qy Swied hoeI hovygI [ hux AsW ieh vyKxw hY ik siqgurU jI ny iknHW hwlwq ivc ieh bwxI iek`TI kIqI sI [ ‘qvwrIK gurU Kwlsw’ qy mYkwil& ny qW iehI iliKAw hY ik ieh kMm gurU Arjn swihb ny kIqw sI; pr gurbwxI dI AMdrlI gvwhI ies i^Awl nwl myl nhIN KWdI [ ies ivc koeI S`k nhIN ik ieiqhws kOmW dI ijMd-jwn hoieAw krdw hY qy ieiqhws-kwrW dI myhnq sdw Awdr-sqkwr dI h`kdwr huMdI hY [ pr, ieh g`l BI A`KW qoN auhly nhIN kIqI jw skdI ik is`K Drm dw Asl kyNdr sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dI bwxI hY; ieiqhws dy ijhVy vrky ies dy nwl myl nhIN KWdy, auhnW ƒ gurbwxI dI gvwhI dy twkry qy brwbr dI QW nhIN id`qI jw skygI [ pr, ies dw ieh Bwv nhIN ik ieiqhws jW ieiqhws-kwr dI koeI inrwdrI kIqI geI hY [

bwbw &rId jI Aqy gurU nwnk dyv jI

swKI Anuswr pwkptn:

Bgq-bwxI dw sMbMD gur-bwxI nwl kdoN qoN bixAw hY—ieh g`l l`Bx leI hryk Bgq dI bwxI qy v`Ko v`K ivcwr krnI peygI [ so, sB qoN pihlW AsI siqgurU jI dI bwxI AwpxI hI jMmx-Buieˆ dy vsnIk bwbw &rId jI dI bwxI vyKIey [ jy swKI vl BI jweIey, qW ‘purwqn jnm-swKI’ vwly ny sw& iliKAw hY ik gurU nwnk dyv jI pwkptn gey, bwbw &rId jI dI g`dI au~qy igAwrvyN QW bYTy sy^ ibrwhm ƒ imly qy aus pwsoN sy^ &rId jI dI bwxI suxI [ inrI suxI hI nhIN, &rId jI dy keI bcnW bwry Awpxy i^Awl BI prgt kIqy [ pihly lyK ivc AsI d`s cuky hW ik gurU nwnk dyv jI AwpxI aucwrI hoeI bwxI sdw Awp hI ilK ky Awpxy pws sWB ky r`Kdy rhy sn [ pwkptn ivc aucwrI bwxI vwsqy ies inXm dy aulµGx dI koeI loV nhIN sI ho skdI; Bwv, pwkptn ivc aucwrI hoeI bwxI BI siqgurU jI ny Awp hI ilK ky Awpxy pws r`KI hovygI [ pr, jo bwxI gurU nwnk dyv jI ny pwkptn ivc aucwrI, aus ivc qy bwbw &rId jI dI kuJ bwxI ivc bVI fUMGI qy nyVy dI sWJ hY [ ieh mMnxw hI peygw ik bwbw &rId jI dy ijnHW bcnW dy sMbMD ivc gurU nwnk dyv jI ny AwpxI bwxI aucwrI sI qy ilK ky Awpxy pws r`K leI sI, auh bcn BI siqgurU jI ny zrUr ilK ky r`K ley hoxgy, ikauNik jo suMdrqw dw Jlkwrw auhnW ƒ iek`Ty rlw ky piVHAW v`jdw hY, auh vKo-vK piVHAW nhIN v`jdw [

SlokW dw prspr twkrw

ies g`l ƒ pRq`K vyKx Aqy smJx leI dohW mhW au~qm ivAkqIAW dy Slok rlw ky pVH vyKIey:

(1) &rId jI:

pihlY pihrY PulVw, Plu BI pCw rwiq ] jo jwgMin@ lhMin sy, sweI kMno dwiq ]112]

ieQy &rId jI ny l&z ‘dwiq’ vrq ky isr& ieSwry mwqr d`isAw hY ik jo mnu`K AMimRq vyly jwg ky bMdgI krdy hn auhnW auqy r`b myhr krdw hY qy Awpxw nwm b^Sdw hY [ gurU nwnk dyv jI ny spSt kr ky ieh kih id`qw hY ik ieh qW ‘dwiq’ hY ‘dwiq’, koeI ‘h`k’ nhIN bx jWdw, mqW koeI mnu`K AMimRq vyly au~Tx dw mwx hI krn l`g pey [ so, bwbw &rId jI dy au~pr-ilKy Slok dI ivAwiKAw ivc gurU nwnk dyv jI ny iliKAw:

dwqI swihb sMdIAw, ikAw clY iqsu nwil ] ieik jwgMdy nw lwhin@, ieknw suiqAw dyie auTwil ]113]

(2) slok &rId jI:

srvr pMMKI hykVo, PwhI vwl pcws ] iehu qnu lhrI gif iQAw, scy qyrI Aws ]125]

ies Slok ivc &rId jI ny d`isAw hY ik jgq dy ivkwrW qoN bcx dw ie`ko hI aupwau hY—prmwqmw dI Et [ ieh Et iksy BI BwA imly qW BI sOdw ssqw hY, ies i^Awl ƒ Awp ieauN ibAwn krdy hn:

qnu qpY qnUr ijau bwlxu, hf blµin@ ] pYrI QkW isir julW, jy mUM iprI imlµin@ ]119]

pr, mqW koeI mnu`K AM\wx-puxy ivc ieh smJ ley ik &rId jI DUxIAW qpwx dI ihdYq krdy hn, ies BulyKy qoN bxwaux leI siqgurU nwnk dyv jI &rId jI dy ies slok dy nwl Awpxw slok ilK ky d`sdy hn ik &rId jI DUxIAW qpwx dy h`k ivc nhIN hn:

qnu n qpwie qnUr ijau, bwlxu hf n bwil ] isir pYrI ikAw PyiVAw, AMdir iprI inhwil ]120]

(3) &rId jI:

swhurY FoeI nw lhY, pyeIAY nwhI Qwau ] ipru vwqVI n puCeI, Dn sohwgix nwau ]31]

&rId jI ny ie`Qy d`isAw hY ik jy ‘Ksm’ kdy ^br hI nw pu`Cy qW inrw nwm hI ‘sohwgix’ r`K lYxw iksy kMm nhIN [ siqgurU nwnk dyv jI ny Agly Slok ivc ‘sohwgix’ dy Asl l`Cx BI d`s ky bwbw &rId jI dy i^Awl dI hor ivAwiKAw kr id`qI hY:

swhurY pyeIAY kMq kI, kMqu AgMmu AQwhu ] nwnk so sohwgxI, ju BwvY byprvwh ]32]

bwbw &rId jI dy au~pr id`qy ijnHW slokW dI ivAwiKAw siqgurU nwnk swihb ny Awpxy SlokW ivc kIqI hY, ieh nhIN ho skdw ik auhnW ƒ siqgurU jI ny Awpxy SlokW dy nwl ilK ky nwh r`iKAw hovy [ ieQoN ieh nqIjw BI sw& inkldw hY ik bwbw &rId jI dy bwkI dy Slok BI siqgurU jI ny zrUr ilK ley hoxgy; nhIN qW, bwbw &rId jI dy iksy ie`k do bcnW bwry pYNdy iksy BulyKy dI ivAwiKAw krn dI loV hI pYdw nhIN sI huMdI [

gurU Amrdws jI Aqy &rId jI:

AsI swbq kr cuky hW ik gurU nwnk dyv jI dI swrI hI bwxI auhnW dy Awpxy hI h`QW dI ilKI hoeI gurU AMgd swihb dI rwhIN gurU Amrdws jI ƒ phuMcI sI [ &rId jI dy ieh swry Slok BI ies ^zwny ivc auhnW ƒ imly sn, qwhIeyN gurU Amrdws jI ny BI bwbw &rId jI dy kuJ i^AwlW dI ivAwiKAw ivc Awpxy Slok ilKy:

(1) bwbw &rId jI:

PrIdw rqI rqu n inklY, jy qnu cIrY koie ] jo qn rqy rb isau, iqn qin rqu n hoie ]51]

&rId jI ny ijs ‘rqu’ dw izkr ies Slok ivc kIqw hY, aus ƒ Awpxy pihly Slok nµ: 50 ivc smJw qW id`qw hY, pr ieSwry-mwqR hI l&z ‘idil kwqI’ dI rwhIN Awp ilKdy hn:

PrIdw kMin muslw, sUPu gil, idil kwqI guVu vwiq ] bwhir idsY cwnxw, idil AMiDAwrI rwiq ]50]

gurU Amrdws jI ny ieh i^Awl vDIk KulHw kr ky Awpxy Slok ivc ibAwn kr id`qw hY [

m: 3 ] iehu qnu sBo rqu hY, rqu ibnu qMnu n hoie ] jo sh rqy Awpxy, iqqu qin loBu rqu n hoie ] BY pieAY qnu KIxu hoie loBu rqu ivchu jwie ] ijau bYsMqir Dwqu suDu hoie, iqau hir kw Bau durmiq mYlu gvwie ] nwnk qy jn sohxy, ij rqy hir rMgu lwie ]52]

(2) &rId jI:

PrIdw pwiV ptolw Dj krI, kMblVI pihryau ] ijn@I vysI shu imlY, syeI vys kryau ]130]

&rId jI dw ie`Qy Bwv auhI hY jo auhnW ny Slok nµ: 119 ivc d`isAw hY [ pr, mqW koeI mnu`K ieh smJ ley ik &rId jI r`b dy imlx leI &kIrI pihrwvw zrUrI i^Awl krdy hn, gurU Amrdws jI ny ieh BulyKw dUr krn leI ies dy nwl Awpxw Slok drj kr id`qw hY:

m: 3: ] kwie ptolw pwqVI, kMblVI pihryie ] nwnk Gr hI bYiTAw shu imlY jy nIAiq rwis kryie ]104]

(3) &rId jI:

PrIdw kwlˆØI ijnI n rwivAw, DaulI rwvY koie ] kir sWeI isau iprhVI, rMgu nvylw hoie ]12]

ie`Qy &rId jI iek kudrqI inXm d`sdy hn ik juAwnI ivc mwiek AwdqW p`k jwx krky buFypy ivc bMdgI vl prqxw Awm qOr qy AOKw ho jWdw hY [

gurU Amrdws jI ies i^Awl dy nwl-lgvIN iek hor g`l d`sdy hn ik juAwnI hovy cwhy buFypw, ‘bMdgI’ sdw hY hI r`bI b^SS:

m: 3 ] PrIdw kwlI DaulI swihbu sdw hY, jy ko iciq kry ] Awpxw lwieAw iprmu n lgeI, jy locY sBu koie ] eyhu iprmu ipAwlw Ksm kw, jY BwvY qY dyie ]13]

jy BgqW dI bwxI qy aus ivc &rId jI dy Slok gurU Arjn swihb dy iek`Ty kIqy huMdy, qW gurU Amrdws jI dy au~pr-ilKy SlokW dy aucwry jwx dI koeI guMjYS nwh huMdI [ Slok nµ: 13 vwsqy qW hor koeI vI dlIl GVI nhIN jw skdI, ikauNik ies ivc qW gurU Amrdws jI bwbw &rId jI dw nwm BI vrqdy hn [ bVI sw& qy pRq`K g`l hY ik ieh ieh swry Slok gurU nwnk dyv jI ny pwkptn jw ky SyK ibrwhm pwsoN ley, Awpxy pws ilK ky r`K ley, iehnW ƒ cMgI qrHW piVHAw-ivcwirAw, ijQy loV jwpI, &rId jI dy iKAwl dI hor ivAwiKAw kr id`qI; AwpxI bwxI dy nwl hI gurU AMgd swihb dI rwhIN gurU Amrdws jI q`k ApVwey; gurU Amrdws jI ny BI &rId jI dy keI ieSwry mwqR d`sy i^AwlW ƒ hor sw& kr id`qw [ so ij`QoN qk &rId jI dI bwxI dw sMbMD hY, ieh gurU Arjn swihb ny iek`TI nhIN krweI, ieh swrI dI swrI auhnW ƒ gurU nwnk swihb qoN hI ivrsy ivc imlI sI [ jdoN AsI ieh vyKdy hW ik 130 slokW ivc slok nµ: 13, 32, 52, 104, 113, 120, 122, 123 Aqy 124 gurU nwnk dyv Aqy gurU Amrdws jI dy hn, qW kudrqI nqIjw iehI k`F skIdw hY ik siqgurU nwnk dyv jI ny koeI pMj-s`q tWvyN tWvyN Slok &rId jI dy nhIN ilAWdy sn sgoN swry hI ilK ley sn [

sUhI rwg dy dovyN Sbd

ies nqIjy ƒ hor p`kw krn leI pwTkW dI syvw ivc sUhI rwg dy do Sbd pyS kIqy jWdy hn, iek &rId jI dw Aqy dUjw gurU nwnk dyv jI dw [ &rId jI ihdwieq krdy hn ik mwieAw ivc mn nwh PswE, jo mnu`K mwieAw dy moh ivc Psdy hn, ies Sbd dI rwhIN &rId jI auhnW dI mMdI ho cu`kI hwlq ibAwn krdy hn [ siqgurU nwnk dyv jI aupdyS krdy hn ik pRBU dy nwm ivc mn ƒ rMgo, ijnHW dw mn nwm-rMg ivc rMigAw jWdw hY, auhnW dI cMgI Awqmk hwlq siqgurU jI ny Sbd ivc d`sI hY [ &rId jI ny mwieAw-vyVHI mnu`KI qsvIr iK`cI hY [ gurU nwnk dyv jI ny nwm-rMg ivc rMgI hoeI qsvIr [ dohW SbdW dIAW pihlW ‘rhwau’ dIAW qukW rlw ky pVHo iPr swry ‘bMdW’ ƒ iek dUjy Sbd ivcoN lY ky [ ikqny hI l&z sWJy hn! iehnW dohW SbdW ƒ pVH ky koeI S`k nhIN rih jWdw [ gurU nwnk dyv jI ny bwbw &rId jI dI iek-pwsI qsvIr dw dUjw pwsw iqAwr kr ky qsvIr ƒ mukMml kr id`qw hY [ jy &rId jI dw ieh Sbd gurU nwnk dyv jI Awpxy Sbd nwl sWB ky nwh r`Kdy, qW ieh zrUrI nhIN sI ik ieh dovyN Sbd muV Awpo ivc iml skdy [ dovyN Sbd ieauN hn:

sUhI &rId jI:

byVw bMiD n sikE, bMDn kI vylw ] Bir srvru jb aUClY, qb qrxu duhylw ]1] hQu n lwie ksuMBVY, jil jwsI Folw ]1]rhwau] iek AwpIn@Y pqlI, sh kry bolw ] duDwQxI n AwveI, iPir hoie n mylw ]2] khY PrIdu shylIho, shu AlweysI ] hMsu clsI fuMmxw, Aih qnu FyrI QIsI ]3]2]

sUhI mhlw 1:

jp qp kw bMDu byVulw, ijqu lµGih vhylw ] nw srvru nw aUClY, AYsw pMQu suhylw ]1] qyrw eyko nwmu mMjITVw, rqw myrw colw sd rMg Folw ]rhwau] swjn cly ipAwirAw, ikau mylw hoeI ] jy gux hovih gMFVIAY, mylygw soeI ]2] imilAw hoie n vICuVY, jy imilAw hoeI ] Awvwgauxu invwirAw, hY swcw soeI ]3] haumY mwir invwirAw, sIqw hY colw ] gur bcnI Plu pwieAw, sh ky AMimRq bolw ]4] nwnku khY shylIho, shu Krw ipAwrw [ hm sh kyrIAw dwsIAw, swcw Ksmu hmwrw ]5]2]4]

ieqrwzW bwry ivcwr:

Bgq bwxI dy ivroDI s`jx jI bwbw &rId jI dy sMbMD ivc ieauN ilKdy hn—‘syK &rId jI dy prcwr ny bhuq sy ihMdU j`tW rwjpUqW ƒ muslmwn bxwieAw, keI jogI is`D ihMdU-rwjvwVy ieslwm ivc Swml kIqy [’

pqw nhIN ivroDI s`jx jI ny ieh jzbwqI pRyrnw kr ky ikauN &rId jI dy ivru`D ieh BVkwht pYdw krn dw jqn kIqw [ jy iksy mhW purK dy au~cy Awcrn Aqy im`Ty bolW dI qwkq ny ivqkry-Bry BweIcwry ivc dlIdy lokW ƒ auQoN iK`c ilAw, qW ies ivc bwbw &rId jI dw kIh doS!

&rId jI dy Slok gurU Amrdws jI dy pws:

ivroDI s`jx jI ilKdy hn—‘mOjUdw bIV ivc cwr Sbd Aqy 130 Slok hn [ keIAW SlokW pr qIjy Aqy pMjvyN gurU jI vloN not BI id`qy gey hn [

siqgurU jI dy id`qy not hI ieh swbq kr rhy hn ik &rId jI dI bwxI ƒ gurU swihb ny Awp hI ‘mOjUdw bIV’ ivc drj kIqw sI [

ieslwmI Srh:

ivroDI s`jx ilKdw hY—inhwieq ^UbI dI g`l ieh hY ik &rId jI dI rcnw ivc ikqy BI rwm ik®Sn Bgvwn dw nwm qk nhIN AwieAw [ ieslwmI qrz dy nwmW qoN ielwvw swrI rcnw ivc ieslwmI Srh ƒ ku`t ku`t ky BirAw hoieAw hY; ijvyN ik kbr dw du`K, ikAwmq, purslwq, inmwzW, rozy, vuzU Awid dw bwr bwr izkr AwauNdw hY [

g`l qW is`DI sw& hY [ bwbw &rId jI muslmwn-Gr dy jMm-pl sn [ auhnW dy mwpy pMjwbI nhIN sn [ ihMdU BI nhIN sn [ kudrqI qOr qy auhnW dI bolI ivc ieslwmI l&z hI Awauxy sn [ pr

‘prQwie swKI mhw purK boldy, swJI sgl jhwnY ]’

cwlwk BweI:

ivroDI s`jx jI ilKdy hn—‘keI cwlwk BweI inmwz dw ArQ ‘Arz, bMdgI’ Awidk k`F ky prcwxw cwhuMdy hn [ pr ijQy Sy^ swihb &urmWdy hn ik ‘auTu &rIdw aujU swij, subh invwj gujwir’, ies dw Bwv ieh kdy nhIN ho skdw ik &rId jI kihMdy hn ik is`Kw! au~T, ASnwn kr ky jp, jwp sveIey pVH [ ArQ sw& ieslwmI inmwz hY jo is`KW ny kdy nhIN pVHI [

g`l is`DI sw& hY [ bwbw &rId jI dw dyhWq gurU nwnk dyv jI dy jnm qoN pUry 203 swl pihlW ho cukw sI [ jp, jwp Awidk bwxIAW Ajy aus vyly bwxI-rUp ivc AweIAW hI nhIN sn [

l&z ‘mhlw’ dI surKI (isrlyK):

AgWh ivroDI s`jx jI iksy ivdvwn dw hvwlw dy ky ieauN ilKdy hn—1927 eI: ivc pIr muhMmd husYn ny ‘ArSwdwiq &rIdI’ nwm dI pusqk ilKI, jo kyvl Sy^ &rId jI dy SlokW dw tIkw sI [ aus AMdr Awp jI ny ‘mhlw’ dI surKI ƒ iblkul hI aufw id`qw sI [ auhnW dw i^Awl sI ik ‘mhlw’ ilKxw SyK swihb dy mq ƒ kmzor swbq krnw hY [ pIr jI dw i^Awl hY ik &rId jI dI rcnw mukMml ieslwmI klwm hY [

ivroDI s`jx jI ny g`l guMJlI hI r`KI hY [ kI pIr jI ny isr& l&z ‘mhlw’ hI aufwieAw, jW, l&z ‘mhlw’ nwl sMbMD r`Kx vwly Slok BI aufw id`qy?

jy isr& l&z ‘mhlw’ hI aufwieAw qy Slok drj rihx id`qy qW pIr jI dI ingwh ivc &rId jI Aqy gurU swihb hm-i^Awl sn [ AsI BI iehI AwKdy hW [

jy pIr jI ny gurU swihb vwly Slok BI aufw id`qy qy, inrol &rId jI dy SlokW ƒ hI auh ‘mukMml ieslwmI klwm’ smJdy sn, qW BI ieQy koeI Brm-BulyKw nhIN pY skdw [ ‘l&z’ ieslwmI hI hn, hyNdky nhIN [ hW, iehnW dw ‘AwSw’ auhI hY jo gurU swihb dw hY [ ijQy ijQy &rId jI dy ‘AwSy’ bwry S`k pY skdw sI, auQy auQy siqgurU jI ny ivAwiKAw kr id`qI hoeI hY [

krwmwq:

ies isr-lyK hyT ivroDI s`jx ny iliKAw hY—Sy^ swihb jI krwmwqW dy bhuq SrDwlU sn; jYsw ik (1) A`g lYx jwxw, A`g n imlxI [ A^Ir iek vysvw ny A`K dy Awny dy v`ty A`g dyxI [ &rId jI ny A`K bMnH lYxI ik A`K AweI hoeI (du`KdI) hY, pr KolHI qW cMgI BlI [ (2) bwrW swl kwT dI rotI r`KxI, qy aus dy Awsry hI guzwrw krnw [ (3) &rId jI qp krdy krdy isauNk dI vrmI bx gey [ luhwr ny su`kI l`kV smJ ky kuhwVw mwirAw [ (4) Atk dirAw pwr krn vyly pwxI pr mus`lw ivCw ky lyt jwxw Awidk...... [

Awp jI dI rcnw qoN BI swbq huMdw hY; jYsw ik

(a) ‘PrIdw ijn loiex...... [14[

vysvw dy surmy vl ieSwrw [

(A) PrIdw rotI myrI...... [29[

ies Slok ivc kwT dI rotI dw izkr hY, ijs dy shwry bwrW swl k`ty [

(e) ‘PrIdw qnu sukw...... [90[

ies Slok ivc PrId jI dy qp dw izkr hY, kW qlIAW ƒ cUMfdy hn [

(s) ‘kMiD kuhwVw......’ [43[

ieh luhwr vl ieSwrw hY, ijs ny kuhwVw mwirAw sI [

not:- is`K ivdvwn tIkwkwrW ny lg pg aukq AwSy Anuswr ArQ kIqy hn [

(h) ‘PrIdw rqI rqu.......’ [52[

&rId jI dw hT-jog nzr AwauNdw hY [

ivroDI s`jx jI ArQW vloN tplw Kw gey hn [ pwTk s`jx myrw tIkw ghu nwl pVHn [ jy lok &rId jI bwry by-QvIAW krwmwqW GV lYx, qW aus ivc &rId jI dw kIh dos hY? ieh krwmwqW nw mMno [ gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj ies bwxI vloN ikauN mUMh muVy?

iesqRI inMidAw:

ies isrlyK hyT ivroDI s`jx ilKdw hY—&rId jI ny AwpxI rcnw AMdr iesqRI-inMidAw vl kdm cu`ikAw [ Awp &urmWdy hn:

PrIdw ieh ivs gMdlw...... [37[

aukq Slok AMdr iesqRI ƒ ivs dIAW gMdlW nwl iqRskwirAw hY [

ieQy BI ivroDI s`jx ny ArQW ivc tplw KwDw hY [ pVHo myrw tIkw [

kbrIN vwsw:

ies isrlyK hyT ivroDI s`jx ny Slok nµ: 17, 67, 93 Aqy 97 dw hvwlw dy ky iliKAw hY—‘aukq SlokW qoN sw& zwhr huMdw hY ik Sy^ &rId jI kbr dy du`K, kbr dI mrXwdw, Aw^r kbr AMdr invws krn ƒ ieslwmI nukqy Anuswr prcwrdy hn [ pr gurmiq dw is`DWq ies qoN ault hY [’

pwTk s`jx tIkw pVH ky vyKx [ muV muV bMdgI dI pRyrnw kIqI hY, jgq dI Aswrqw d`s ky [ ijvyN kbIr jI ies Aswrqw dw izkr krdy hoey mswxW dw izkr krdy hn, iqvyN &rId jI gorW dw (kbrW dw) [ &rId jI muslmwn sn, kbIr jI ihMdU [ Awpo Awpxy BweIcwrk irvwj dw hI hvwlw id`qw jw skdw sI [ ieQy ikqy BI gurmiq dy iksy is`DWq dw aulµGx nhIN hY [

purslwq:

ieQy &rId jI dy pihly Slok dIAW A^IrlIAW do qukW dy ky ivroDI s`jx ilKdw hY—ieh BI ieslwmI i^Awl hY ik mrn qoN ip`CoN ‘purslwq’ nwmI rsqy qoN lµGxw pYNdw hY jo bhuq kTn hY [ pr gurmiq dw is`DWq ies nwl myl nhIN KWdw [

&rId jI muslmwn-Gr dy jMm-pl sn [ auhnW l&z BI muslmwnI qy izMdgI bwry muhwvry BI muslmwnI vrqxy sn [ ieh g`l kudrqI hY [ iesy qrHW gurU nwnk dyv jI ny iliKAw hY:

‘gil sMglu Giq clwieAw’ ]

vK-vK BweIcwry dy kwrn l&z vK-vK hn [ is`DWq ivc koeI &rk nhIN:

‘KVw n Awpu muhwie ] KVw n Awpu muhwie ]’

vuzU Aqy nmwz:

ieQy ivroDI s`jx Slok nµ: 70, 71, 72 dw hvwlw dy ky ilKdy hn—aukq SlokW ivc &rId jI ieslwmI nmwzW pVHn dw aupdyS dyNdy hn [ by-nmwzW ƒ ku`qy dy brwbr d`isAw hY [......

gurU swihb ny ieslwmI nmwzW dw KMfx kr ky Asl nmwzW dw aupdyS dy ky Awpxy ^wlsy vwsqy ieh pRogRwm bxwieAw hY:

‘gur siqgur kw jo isKu...... ]’  m: 4 [

qW qy swbq hoieAw ik gurmiq &rId jI dIAW ieslwmI nmwzW dw KMfn kr ky is`K vwsqy nvW pRogRwm pyS kr ky aus pr Aml krn dw aupdyS dyNdI hY [

b`s! Asl g`l iehI hY jo ivroDI s`jx jI ny A^Ir qy ilKI hY ‘Aml krn dw aupdyS’ [ &rId jI dy l&z muslmwnI hn, gurU swihb dy l&z muslmwnI nhIN [ pRogRwm dohW dw ie`ko hI hY [ KMfx ‘nmwzW’ dw nhIN, KMfx ‘inrIAW nmwzW’ dw hY, ‘Aml-ivhUxIAW nmwzW’ dw hY [ &rId jI ny BI iehI AwiKAw:

‘PrIdw Aml ij kIqy dunI ivic sy drgh Awey kMim ]’

doz^:

ies isr-lyK hyT ivroDI s`jx ny &rId jI dy Slok nµ: 74 Aqy 98 dw hvwlw dy ky iliKAw hY—aukq SlokW AMdr &rId jI ny bMdy ƒ ieslwmI Srh dy doz^ dw BY idKwieAw hY [ ieslwm jMnq doz^ dw kwiel hY, pr gurmiq jMnq doz^ dw KMfx kr ky Awvwgvn dI QIaUrI dw aupdyS dyNdI hY [

Bgq-bwxI dI ivroDqw dI ^wqr AYvyN l&zI hVoty iBVy jw rhy hn, nhIN qW l&z ‘doz^’ siqgurU jI ny BI vriqAw hY:

‘nµgw dojik cwilAw, qw idsY Krw frwvxw ]’   {Awsw dI vwr m: 1

‘doijk paudw ikau rhY, jw iciq nw hoie rsUil ]’   {gauVI kI vwr m: 5

‘dojik pwey isrjxhwrY, lyKw mMgY bwxIAw ]’   {mwrU AMjulIAw m: 5

ieslwmI ilbws:

ies isrlyK hyT &rId jI dy Slok nµ: 50, Aqy 103 dw hvwlw dy ky Bgq-bwxI dy ivroDI s`jx jI ilKdy hn—iehnW SlokW AMdr Sy^ swihb ieslwmI ilbws mus`lw (ijs qy bYT ky nmwz pVHdy hn) sUP (PqUhI) Awid dw izkr krdy hn [ pr is`KI mMfl AMdr ies ilbws dw KMfx hY [ Kwlsy dw ilbws dsqwr, kChrw, gwqry ikrpwn Awid dw bMDwn hY [ ies krky &rId jI dw ilbws aus pdvI qy nhIN phuMc skdw, ij`Qy Kwlsw XUnI&wrm (rihq) ApVI hoeI hY [

ivroDI s`jx jI AjIb rwhy pY gey hn [ svwl qW ieh hY ik kI ieh Slok nµ: 103 gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj hY jW nhIN [ jy nhIN, qW ies dy nwl dw gurU Amrdws jI dw Slok nµ: 104 ies dy prQwey ikvyN Aw igAw? Aqy, gurU gRMQ swihb ivc ik`Qy drj hY?

ivroDI s`jx jI ‘XUnI&wrm’ dw mwmlw lY bYTy hn [ Slok dy Bwv ƒ smJx dw jqn nhIN krdy [ auNJ ‘Kwlsw XUnI&wrm’ dw izkr BI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc nhIN hY, gurU nwnk dyv jI dy vyly ieh ‘XUnI&wrm’ nhIN sI [ pqw nhIN, ivroDI s`jx jI ies dw kIh Bwv lYxgy [

dlIl-bwzI:

ivroDI s`jx jI ny Bgq-bwxI qoN isr PyridAW ies dy ivru`D keI dlIlW id`qIAW hn [ ‘Bgq-bwxI stIk’ ivc auhnW dlIlW ƒ Zlq swbq krn dy jqn kIqy gey hn [ pr dlIl-bwzI dw ieh islslw qW Amu`k ho skdw hY [ Asl ivcwr-jog g`l ieh hY ik ijnHW bwxIAW dy ivru`D ieh s`jx prcwr kr rhy hn, auhnW ƒ sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc gurU Arjn swihb ny Awp drj kIqw sI jW nhIN [ ies bwry ivcwr aupr id`qy jw cuky hn [

kwT dI rotI

hwso-hIxI srDw:- jy bwbw &rId jI dI bwxI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj nw huMdI, qW Aswƒ ies g`l dI pVcol krn dI loV nhIN sI [ hryk mnu`K ƒ h`k hY ik auh Awpxy ieSt ƒ ijs rUp ivc cwhy vyKy [ pr ies swKI dI pRoVHqw leI cUMik aus bwxI ivcoN pRmwx id`qy jWdy hn jo gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj hY, ies leI hryk is`K dw &rz hY ik iehnW ƒ rqw gMBIrqw nwl ivcwry [ ijs ‘bIV’ ƒ AsI ‘gurU’ vWg snmwndy hW, aus dw hryk Sbd gurU-rUp hY [ jy AsI iksy B`t jW Bgq dw koeI Sbd gur-AwSy dy ault smJdy hW, qW auh bIV ijs ivc gurU-AwSy qoN v`Kry Bwv vwly Sbd drj hn smucy qOr qy ‘gurU’ dw drjw nhIN r`K skdI [ ieh iek hwso-hIxw inScw hY ik BgqW dy keI SbdW ƒ AsI gurmiq Anuswr mMnIey qy keI SbdW ƒ gur-AwSy dy ivru`D [ gurU Arjn swihb ny gurU gRMQ swihb ivc ieh ikqy nhIN iliKAw ik Plwxy Plwxy Sbd gurmiq Anuswr nhIN hn [

rotI KwxI mwVw kMm nhIN:

ieh ‘bIV’ is`K dw ‘gurU’ hY, ies dy iksy BI AMg ivc aukweI nhIN hY iesy hI inScy nwl AsW bwbw &rId jI dy Slok pVHny hn [ pr ieh inry pVHn leI nhIN [ hor bwxI vWg ieh BI jIaUx dI jwc isKWdy hn [ jIvn dw Awsrw hn [ ies Dury qoN ‘PrIdw rotI myrI kwT kI’ vwly Slok pVH ky swDwrn qOr qy keI pRSn au~Tdy hn—kI rotI KwxI mwVw kMm hY? jy ieh mwVw kMm hY, qW kwT dI rotI nwl mn prcwxw ikvyN cMgw kMm ho skdw hY? pr, kI kwT dI rotI nwl mn prc BI skdw hY? kI ieh Slok hryk pRwxI mwqr vwsqy sWJw aupdyS hY? qW iPr, kI kdy koeI AYsI AvsQw BI AwauxI cwhIdI hY jdoN ies bwxI dy pVHn vwly kwT dI rotI p`ly bMnH iPrn? jy ieh smw nhIN Awauxw cwhIdw, qW ies dy pVHn qoN kIh lwB?

Bu`KW k`txIAW, DUxIAW qpwxIAW qy pu`Ty ltkxw Awidk krm gurmiq Anuswr by-loVvyN hn, qy nw hI PrId jI dI bwxI ivc ikqy BI iehnW ƒ zrUrI d`isAw igAw hY [

koeI n koeI izMmyvwrI:

jgq ivc jo BI pYZMbr Avqwr gurU jW koeI hor mhW purK AwauNdw hY, auh koeI nw koeI ^ws izMmyvwrI lY ky AwauNdw hY [ Awm qOr qy auh izMmyvwrI kIh huMdI hY? ies dw au~qr gurU swihb dI bwxI ivcoN ieauN imldw hY:

jnm mrn dohU mih nwhI, jn praupkwrI Awey ] jIA dwnu dy BgqI lwiein, hir isau lYin imlwey ]   {sUhI mhlw 5

Bwv:- prmwqmw dy ipAwry jgq ivc Awm bMidAW dI BlweI dI ^wqr AwauNdy hn [ dunIAw dy ivkwrW ivc pY ky ijnHW dy AMdroN rUhwnI izMdgI mu`k jWdI hY auhnW ƒ muV r`bI jIvn dyNdy hn qy r`b nwl joV dyNdy hn [

Bgvq gIqw ivc BI mhW purKW dy jgq ivc Awaux dw mnorQ ieauN iliKAw hY:

Xdw Xdw ih DrmsÎ glwinr rviq, Bwrq! ABÎu`Qwn mDrmsÎ, qdwqmwnµ isRjwmÎhM ]

Bwv:- hy Arjn! jdoN jdoN lokW ƒ ‘Drm’ vloN n&rq ho jWdI hY, mYN ‘ADrm’ ƒ mukwaux leI Awpxy Awp ƒ prgt krdw hW [

kurwn SrI& ivc BI izkr AwauNdw hY:

v mw Arslnw im`rrsUiln, ie`lw ibilswin kOim hI ilXu bu`iXnw l-hum [

Bwv:- mYN Awpxy pYZMbr ƒ Byjdw hW, auh auhnW lokW dI AwpxI zbwn ivc auhnW ƒ smJwauNdw hY (ik izMdgI dw shI rsqw kyhVw hY) [

gurU goibMd isMG jI ‘bicqR nwtk’ ivc ilKdy hn ik Akwl purK ny mYƒ hukm id`qw hY ik jgq ivc jwE qy jw ky lokW ƒ mMdy kMm krn qoN htwE [ Awp ilKdy hn, pRBU ny hukm id`qw:

jwih qhW qYN Drmu clwie ] kubuiD krn qy lok htwie ]

so, mhW purK jgq ivc Aw ky auh pUrny pWdy hn, ijnHW au~qy qur ky dunIAw dy lok jIvn dI shI jwc is`Kdy hn [ ‘Drm’ kIh hY? jIvn dI shI jwc [ mhW purKW dw hryk krq`b iek AYsw pUrnw huMdw hY jo ‘shI jIvn’ leI cwnx-munwrw huMdw hY [

Bu`K iek kudrqI loV:

bwbw &rId jI iek mMny-pRmMny mhW purK sn [ auhnW dw hryk kMm qy bcn ienswnI jIvn leI roSnI dyx vwlw sI [ mnu`K nw inrw ijsm hY qy nw inrI rUh, dohW dw myl hY [ jIvn dw shI rwh auhI ho skdw hY jo ijsm qy rUh dohW ƒ TIk itkwxy qy r`Ky [ Bu`K ienswnI ijsm dw iek kudrqI kMm hY, jy Bu`K nw l`gy, qW isAwxy lok AMdwzw lwauNdy hn ik ies ijsm ivc koeI nuks hY, koeI rog hY [ ieh kudrqI loV pUrI krnw hryk mnu`K dw &rz hY [ hW pytU nhIN bxnw, inry srIrk BogW ƒ jIvn dw inSwnw nhIN bxwauxw [ gurU nwnk dyv jI rotI Kwx bwry ieauN ihdwieq krdy hn:

bwbw horu Kwxw KusI KuAwru ] ijqu KwDY qnu pIVIAY, mn mih clih ivkwr ] {isrI rwg mhlw 1

Bwv:- auh Kwxw ^uAwrI pYdw krdw hY ijs dy KwiDAW srIr du`KI hovy; srIr ivc koeI rog pYdw hovy, jW mn ivc mMdy i^Awl pYdw hox [

kwT dI rotI ZYr-kudrqI:

bwbw &rId jI igRhsqI sn, suc`jy igRhsqI sn, drvyS-igRhsqI sn, igRhsq ivc rihMdy hoey drvyS sn, rwj-jogI sn, jogI-rwj sn [ auhnW dy bcn qy kMm dunIAw-dwrW ƒ shI rwh qy pwx vwly sn [ jgq dy iksy BI rwhbr ny rotI C`fx dw aupdyS nhIN kIqw [ kuJ icr leI rozy vrq r`Kxy, BuK r`K ky rotI KwxI AjyhI ihdwieq qW Swied hryk mzhb ivc imldI hY; pr AMn C`f ky l`kV dI rotI bMnH lYxI iek ZYr-kudrqI g`l hY ijs bwry iksy mhW purK ny kdy koeI AwigAw nhIN kIqI [ iek g`l hor hYrwnI pYdw krn vwlI hY—bwbw &rId dy jIvn-aupdyS ivc isdk-srDw r`Kx vwly hzwrW dI igxqI ivc hn, jy drvyS-igRhsqI bwbw jI ny kdy Awpxy p`ly l`kV dI rotI b`DI huMdI qy ies ivc koeI svwb huMdw, qW bwbw jI dy iehnW pUrinAW au~qy qurnw hornW dI BlweI dw sb`b bxdw [ pr kdy koeI AYsw mnu`K suixAw vyiKAw nhIN igAw, jo kudrqI Bu`K lgx qy iksy kwT dI rotI ƒ c`k mwr ky Awpxy Awp ƒ qs`lI dy lYNdw hovy [

smJx ivc aukweI:

Asl g`l ieh hY ik bwbw jI dI bwxI ƒ Zlq smJ ky ieh khwxI c`l peI hY ik Sy^ &rId jI ny koeI l`kV dI rotI Awpxy p`ly b`DI hoeI sI [ ijnHW SlokW (nµbr 28, 29) ivc kwT dI rotI dw izkr AwauNdw hY, auh bwbw jI dy SlokW dI lVI nµ: 2 ivc hn, ieh lVI Slok nµ: 16 qoN c`l ky Slok nµ: 36 qk A`pVdI hY [ ies ivc drvyS igRhsqI dy l`Cx id`qy gey hn jo ieauN hn—shnSIlqw, duinAwvI lwlc qoN njwq; iek r`b dI Aws, ^lkiq dI syvw, h`k dI kmweI; qy r`b dI Xwd [ auh dovyN Slok ieauN hn:

PrIdw rotI myrI kwT kI, lwvxu myrI BuK ] ijnw KwDI copVI, GVy sihxgy duK ]28]

ruKI suKI Kwie kY, TMfw pwxI pIau ] PrIdw dyiK prweI copVI, n qrswey jIau ]29]

iehnW dohW SlokW dy l&zW ƒ ghu nwl vyKo [ ‘myrI kwT kI rotI’ ‘myrI BuK lwvxu’ ‘ruKI suKI’ Aqy ‘prweI copVI’ [ ijs rotI ƒ nµ: 28 ivc ‘kwT kI’ ikhw hY, aus ƒ nµ: 29 ivc ‘ruKI suKI’ AwKdy hn, ies rotI ƒ ‘prweI copVI’ nwloN cMgw d`s rhy hn [ copVI prweI nwloN AwpxI kmweI hoeI ruKI-suKI cMgI kihMdy hn [ mswly Awidk vrq ky ‘BuK’ iq`KI krn nwloN ikrq-kwr krn ipCoN pYdw hoeI kudrqI Bu`K l`gy qy ies Bu`K nwl AwpxI h`k dI kmweI hoeI ‘kwT kI rotI’ kwT vWg, su`KI hoeI ‘ruKI suKI’ rotI BI suAwdlI l`gdI hY [

pu`Ty ltk ky qp

lokW dIAW khwxIAW qy nwh ivCo

iek pwsy Sy^ &rId jI bwry lokW dIAW ilKIAW hoeIAW khwxIAW hn, qy dUjy pwsy &rId jI dy Awpxy bcn [ jy ikqy iehnW dohW ivc ivroDqw id`sy, qW is`DI sw& g`l hY ik bwbw jI dy Awpxy bcnW auqy XkIn ilAwauxw TIk rsqw hY [

pu`Ty ltkxw qW ikqy irhw; swDwrn qOr qy hI jMgl ivc jw ky r`b dI qlwS krn bwry &rId jI ieauN &urmwauNdy hn:

PrIdw jMglu jMglu ikAw Bvih vix kMfw moVyih ] vsI rbu ihAwlIAY, jMglu ikAw FUFyih ]19]

ies bcn dI mOjdUgI ivc, ieh AwKI jwxw ik &rId jI jMgl ivc ikqy pu`Ty ltk ky bMdgI krdy sn, jwx-bu`J ky auhnW dy i^AwlW ƒ aultw smJx vwlI g`l hY [ auh qW AwKdy hn ik r`b mnu`K dy ihrdy ivc v`sdw hY, aus ƒ jMgl ivc ikauN l`Bdy iPrdy ho [

r`b ƒ imlx dw rsqw:

iPr, ihrdy-ivc-v`sdy r`b ƒ ikvyN imlxw hY? b`s! &rId jI dy swry hI SlokW ivc iesy g`l dw inrnw hY—iksy dI inMdw nwh kro; iksy nwl vYr nwh kmwE; prweI Aws nwh r`Ko; prdysI dI syvw qoN ic`q nwh crwE; dunIAw dw koeI lwlc bMdgI dy rwh qoN lWBy nwh lY jwey; srIr dy inrbwh leI prweI copVI nwloN AwpxI kmweI hoeI ru`KI-im`sI cMgI hY; iek pl-Br BI r`b dI Xwd nw BulwE, ikauNik dunIAw dIAW ‘ivs-gMdlW’ dy lwlc qoN ieh Xwd hI bcw skdI hY; AMimRq-vyly auT ky mwlk ƒ Xwd kro; inmRqw-su`Bw bxwE; im`Tw bolo; iksy dw idl nwh duKwE [

ieh rsqw sOKw nhIN:

r`b ƒ imlx dw jo ieh rsqw &rId jI ny d`isAw hY, ik ieh koeI sOKw rsqw hY? kI pu`Ty ltky rihxw ies nwloN AOKw hY?

&rId jI dw jIvn-au~dyS:

iPr jo mhW purK Awp ikqy jMgl ivc pu`Tw ltikAw ipAw hovy qy AwpxI hI rotI v`loN pr-ADIn ho igAw hovy, aus dy pws iksy prdysI ny ikauN jwxw hY? qy aus ny prdysI dI kIh syvw krnI hY? pr, &rId jI dw jIvn-audyS qW ieauN hY:

PrIdw jy mY hodw vwirAw, imqw AwieAiVAw ] hyVw jlY mjIT ijau, aupir AMgwrw ]22]

ieh nhIN ho skdw ik &rId jI Aswƒ igRhsqIAW ƒ, h`k dI kmweI, r`b dI Xwd qy ^lkiq dI syvw dw aupdyS krn; qy Awp igRhsqI huMidAW ikrq-kwr C`f ky jMgl ivc keI vrHy pu`Ty ltk ky guzwr dyx [

pu`Ty ltkx dI g`l c`lI ikvyN?

pr, ieh pu`Ty ltkx dI vwrqw c`l ikvyN peI?

iehnW swry slokW ivc &rId jI dy iqMn Slok AYsy hn, ijnHW qoN Swied ieh nqIjw k`iFAw igAw hY ik bwbw jI ikqy pu`Ty ltk ky ieqnw qp krdy rhy ik srIr su`k igAw, kwvW ny Aw ky pYrW dIAW qlIAW ivc cuMJW mwrIAW qW &rId jI ny auhnW kwvW ƒ vrijAw [ auh Slok ieh hn:

PrIdw qnu sukw, ipMjru QIAw, qlIAW KUMfih kwg ] AjY su rbu bwhuiVE, dyKu bMdy ky Bwg ]90] kwgw krMg FFoilAw, sglw KwieAw mwsu ] ey duie nYnw miq Cuhau, ipr dyKn kI Aws ]91] kwgw cUMif n ipMjrw, bsY q aufir jwih ] ijqu ipMjrY myrw shu vsY, mwsu n iqdu Kwih ]92]

Zlq AMdwzy:

iehnW SlokW ivc srIr dy il`sy pY jwx dw izkr hY, kwvW dw BI izkr hY ik cuMJW mwrdy hn, pr ikqy pu`Ty ltkx dw qW koeI izkr nhIN hY [ l&z ‘qlIAW‘ iliKAw hY pr ieh AMdwzw ikvyN lg igAw hY ik ie`Qy pYrW dIAW qlIAW vl ieSwrw hY? h`QW dIAW ikauN nhIN? Blw, jy pYrW dIAW hn qW ieh ikvyN Anumwn l`g igAw ik pu`Ty ltkx dI hwlq ibAwn kIqI geI hY? swDwrn qOr qy lµmy pey il`sy bMdy dIAW qlIAW ivc vI kW TUMgy mwr skdy hn [

KMBW vwly kwvW dw izkr nhIN:

pr ie`Qy qW iehnW KMBW vwly kwvW dw izkr hY hI nhIN [ Slok nµ: 88 qoN 92 q`k ghu nwl pVHo, dunIAw dy ivSy-ivkwrW ƒ ‘kW’ AwiKAw igAw hY [ iehnW swry hI SlokW ivc imlvW sWJw i^Awl hY—jgq ivc cwr-cuPyry suAwdly qy mn-mohxy pdwrQ mnu`K dy mn ƒ iK`c pWdy hn, iehnW dy csikAW ivc pY ky srIr dw s`iqAwnws ho jWdw hY, iPr BI iehnW dI Jwk nhIN imtdI [ hW, ijs ihrdy ivc Ksm-pRBU dw ipAwr v`sdw hY, aus ƒ koeI ivkwr ivSy-BogW vl pRyr nhIN skdw [

ivkwrI mn kaUAw hY:

siqgurU jI Awp BI ‘ivkwrI mn’ vwsqy l&z ‘kaUAw’ vrqdy hn:

AMimRqsru siqguru siqvwdI ijqu nHwqY kaUAw hMsu hovY ]   {gUjrI m: 4

Bgq rivdws jI Aqy gurU nwnk swihb

BweIcwrk jwx-pCwx (auhnW dI bwxI ivcoN)

rivdws jI dy jIvn bwry koeI ieiqhwsk ilKqW nhIN imldIAW [ pr auhnW dI AwpxI bwxI ivcoN jo gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj h Y, kuJ ku Qhu-pqw iml hI jWdw hY [ Bgq jI bnwrs dy rihx vwly sn qy jwqI dy cmwr sn [ ieh g`l auh Awp hI mlwr rwg dy SbdW ivc ieauN ilKdy hn:

myrI jwiq kut bWFlw For FovMqw inqih bwnwrsI Aws pwsw ] Ab ibpR prDwn iqih krih fMfauiq qyry nwm srxwie rivdwsu dwsw ]3]1]

jw ky kutMb ky FyF sB For FovMq iPrih, Ajhu bMnwrsI Aws pwsw ] Awcwr sihq ibpR krih fMfauiq, iqn qnY rivdws dwswn dwsw ]3]2]

rivdws jI ny Awpxy nwm dy nwl l&z ‘cmwr’ prq`K BI keI QweIN vriqAw hY; ijvyN: ‘kih rivdws cmwrw’ [

iks smyN hoey?

Bgq rivdws jI iks smyN hoey hn, ieh g`l BI auhnW dI AwpxI hI bwxI ivcoN is`D ho jWdI hY [ mwrU rwg dy iek Sbd ivc rivdws jI Bgq nwmdyv, iqRlocn, kbIr, sDnw Aqy sYn jI dw izkr krdy hn:

AYsI lwl quJ ibnu kaunu krY ] grIb invwju guseIAw myrw, mwQY CqRü DrY ]1]rhwau]...

nwmdyv kbIru iqlocnu sDnw sYnu qrY ] kih rivdwsu sunhu ry sMqhu, hir jIau qy sBY srY ]2]

(2) hir ky nwm kbIr aujwgr ] jnm jnm ky kwty kwgr ]1]5]   {Awsw rivdws jI

rivdws jI dy Bgq kbIr jI dw izkr krn qoN ieh AMdwzw l`g skdw hY ik kbIr jI rivdws qoN pihlW hoey hn [ pr kbIr jI BI Slok nµ: 242 ivc Bgq rivdws jI dw izkr krdy hn:

hir so hIrw Cwif kY krih Awn kI Aws ] qy nr dojk jwihgy, siq BwKY rivdws ]242]

kbIr qy rivdws smkwlI

so, dohW pRmwxW ƒ swhmxy r`iKAW shj-suBie ies nqIjy qy A`pV jweIdw hY ik Bgq rivdws Aqy kbIr jI sm-kwlI sn, qy dovyN hI bnwrs dy rihx vwly sn, ikauNik kbIr jI BI Awpxy bnwrs dy vsnIk hox dw izkr krdy hn:

Ab khu rwm kvn giq morI ] qjI ly bnwrs miq BeI QorI ]1]rhwau]   {rwg gauVI

gurU nwnk dyv jI rivdws jI dy vqn:

swihb gurU nwnk dyv jI pihlI ‘audwsI’ ivc ihMdU qIrQW qy gey [ ieh ‘audwsI’ nvMbr sM: 1507 ivc SurU hoeI [ bVw icr l`gw hovy qW BI AwswnI nwl ieh mMinAw jw skdw hY ik sM: 1508 dy A^Ir ivc siqgurU jI bnwrs A`pV gey hoxgy [

ijs dlyrI qy inrBYqw nwl nIvIN jwiq qoN pYdw hoey Bgq rivdws qy kbIr jI ny mwx-m`qy au~cI jwiq vwly bRwhmxW dw twkrw kIqw hY, auh auhnW dI bwxI ivcoN prq`K id`sdw hY [ auDroN BI

“nIcw AMdir nIc jwiq nIcI hU Aiq nIcu ] nwnku iqn kY sMig swiQ.....”  {isrI rwgu m: 1

ieh ikvyN ho skdw sI ik Awpxy hm-i^Awl ieh mhWpurK siqgurU nwnk dyv jI ƒ ipAwry nwh l`gy hox? so, siqgurU jI ny Bgq rivdws jI dy swry Sbd Awp hI lY ky AwpxI bwxI dy nwl sWB ky r`K ley; ikauNik Bgq rivdws jI Aqy siqgurU nwnk dyv jI dy keI SbdW ivc keI qrHW dI AYsI sWJ imldI hY jo Aswƒ iesy hI nqIjy qy ApVWdI hY [

DnwsrI ivc ‘AwrqI’ vwlw Sbd:

SyK &rId jI dI bwxI qy ivcwr krn vyly AsI vyK Awey hW ik &rId jI dy ijs Sbd nwl rlvW Sbd gurU nwnk swihb ny aucwirAw, auh ausy hI rwg ivc hY ijs ivc &rId jI dw [ iesy qrHW dI sWJ, Bgq rivdws Aqy gurU nwnk dyv jI dy SbdW ivc BI imldI hY [ ‘AwrqI’ dy sMbMD ivc siqgurU jI dw iek pRis`D DnwsrI rwg ivc drj hY [ Bgq rivdws jI dw BI ‘AwrqI’ bwry iek Sbd hY, Aqy ieh BI sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dy DnwsrI rwg ivc hI drj hY [ ieh sWJ iksy sb`b nwl hI nhIN bx geI [ ieh TIk hY ik siqgurU nwnk dyv jI ny ‘AwrqI’ vwlw Sbd jgn nwQ purI jw ky aucwirAw; pr pihlI ‘audwsI’ ivc bnwrs qoN lµGidAW rivdws jI dw ‘AwrqI’ vwlw Sbd siqgurU jI ƒ iml zrUr igAw hY [ rivdws jI ilKdy hn:

‘nwm qyry kI joiq lgweI, BieE auijAwro Bvn sglwry’ ]

gurU nwnk dyv jI &urmWdy hn:

‘siB mih joiq joiq hY soie ] iqs dY cwnix sB mih cwnxu hoie’ ]

rivdws jI ‘joiq’ dw ‘auijAwrw’ swry BvnW ivc d`s rhy hn, gurU nwnk dyv jI, ‘joiq’ dw ‘cwnx sB ivc’ kih rhy hn [

rivdws jI AwKdy hn—hy pRBU!

‘qyro kIAw quJih ikAw Arpau? nwm qyrw quhI cvr Folwry ]3]

…  …  …  …  …  …

khY rivdwsu nwmu qyro AwrqI, siq nwmu hY hir Bog quhwry’ ]4]

gurU nwnk dyv jI BI Sbd dy A^Ir qy iehI Ardws krdy hn ik hy pRBU! qyry nwm ivc hI itikAw rhW:

‘hir crn kml mkrMd loiBq mno, Anidnou moih AwhI ipAwsw ] ikrpw jlu dyih nwnk swrMg kau, hoie jw qy qyrY nwie vwsw’ ]

ieh dovyN Sbd ieko hI rwg ivc hoxy, Aqy i^Awl dI sWJ—ieh g`lW iesy Anumwn vl lY jWdIAW hn ik gurU nwnk dyv jI ny bnwrs qoN AgWh lµGidAW Bgq rivdws jI dw ieh Sbd lY ky Awpxy pws ilK r`iKAw sI [

mUrqI dI pUjw vrijAw:

mUrqI dI pUjn krn vwly lok-mUrqI Agy du`D, Pu`l, jl, cMdn, DUp Awidk Byt krdy hn, pr rivdws jI AwKdy hn ik iehnW swrIAW cIzW ƒ Byt krn qoN pihlW hI v`Cw, BOrw, m`CI, s`p Awidk jUTw kr dyNdy hn [ jUTIAW SYAW dI Byt nwl Twkur ikvyN pRsMn hovy? gUjrI rwg ivc Bgq jI ieauN ilKdy hn:

dUDu q bCrY Qnhu ibtwirE ] PUlu Bvir jlu mIin ibgwirE ]1] mweI goibMd pUjw khw lY crwvau ] Avru n PUlu, AnUpu n pwvau ]1]rhwau] mYlwgr byrHy hY BuieAMgw ] ibKu AMimRqu bsih iek sMgw ]2] DUp dIp neIbydih bwsw ] kYsy pUj krih qyrI dwsw ]3] qnu mnu Arpau pUj crwvau ] gur prswid inrMjnu pwvau ]4] pUjw Arcw Awih n qorI ] kih rivdws kvn giq morI ]5]1]

rivdws jI AwKdy hn ik AwpxI h`QIN GVI mUrqI dy A`gy ieh du`D Awidk Byt Drn dy QW mwieAw qoN rihq (inrMjn) goibMd dy A`gy ‘Awpw’ Byt krnw Asl pUjw hY [ iesy hI rwg dy SurU ivc siqgurU nwnk dyv jI BI mUrqI-pUjw dy QW, mUrqI ƒ ieSnwn krwx dy QW nwm ismrn dI ihdwieq krdy hn, mn ƒ Dox dI slwh dyNdy hn; &urmwauNdy hn:

qyrw nwmu krI cnxwTIAw, jy mnu aursw hoie ] krxI kuMgU jy rlY, Gt AMqir pUjw hoie ]1] pUjw kIcY nwmu iDAweIAY, ibnu nwvY pUj n hoie ]1]rhwau] bwhir dyv pKwlIAih, jy mnu DovY koie ] jUiT lhY jIau mwjIAY, moK pieAwxw hoie ]2] psU imlih cMigAweIAw; KVu Kwvih AMimRqu dyih ] nwmu ivhUxy AwdmI iDRgu jIvx krm kryih ]3] nyVw hY dUir n jwixAhu, inq swry sMmHwly ] jo dyvy so Kwvxw, khu nwnk swcw hy ]4]1]

iehnW dohW SbdW ivc sWJ:

dohW SbdW dw mzmUn ieko hI hY, ie`ko hI rwg iv`c hn, i^AwlW dI BI kw&I sWJ hY [ iPr, iek hor BI suAwdlI g`l hY [ swry sRI gurU gRMQ swihb jI ivc l&z ‘aursw’ do vwrI vriqAw imldw hY [ ie`k vwrI rivdws jI ny vriqAw hY, qy ie`k vwrI siqgurU nwnk dyv jI ny [ DnwDrI rwg ivc rivdws jI dw jo Sbd ‘AwrqI’ dy sMbMD ivc hY, auQy Bgq jI kihMdy hn:

nwmu qyro Awsno, nwmu qyro aursw, nwmu qyrw kysro ly iCtkwry ] nwmu qyrw AMBulw nwmu qyro cMdno, Gis jpy nwmu ly quJih kau cwry ]1]

ies aupr-ilKy Sbd iv`c gurU nwnk swihb ny BI l&z ‘aursw’ vriqAw hY [ ‘aursw’ pMjwbI bolI dw l&z nhIN hY; pMjwb ivc kvI lokW dI Awm vrqoN ivc AwieAw ieh l&z nhIN imldw [ iesy nqIjy qy hI A`pV skIdw hY ik ieh l&z siqgurU jI ny rivdws jI dI bwxI ivcoN ilAw hY [ rivdws jI dy rwg DnwsrI Aqy rwg gUjrI vwly dovyN Sbd siqgurU nwnk dyv jI pws mOjUd sn, jdoN auhnW dohW hI rwgW ivc Awpxy dovyN Sbd ‘AwrqI’ Aqy ‘mUrqI-pUjw’ bwry aucwry sn [

Bgq rivdws jI dy swry Sbd:

Bgq rivdws jI dy ku`l 40 Sbd hn [ AsW vyK ilAw hY ik ‘AwrqI’ Aqy ‘dyv-pUjw’ bwry Bgq jI dy dovyN Sbd gurU nwnk swihb pws mOjUd sn [ ieh nhIN ho skdw ik siqgurU jI ny rivdws jI dy isr& dovyN Sbd ilAWdy hox, qy bwkI dy Sbd C`f Awey hox, BwvyN auhnW dy Awpxy hI i^AwlW nwl imldy hox [ ieh XkInI g`l hY ik gurU nwnk dyv jI Bgq rivdws jI dI swrI hI bwxI ilAwey qy AwpxI bwxI nwl sWB ky auhnW r`K leI [

Bgq rivdws Aqy gurU Amrdws jI:

siqgurU nwnk dyv jI Aqy gurU Amrdws jI dI bwxI dw Awpo ivc twkrw kr ky AsI inr-sMdyh swbq kr cuky hW ik gurU nwnk dyv jI dI swrI hI bwxI gurU Amrdws jI dy pws mOjUd sI [ rivdws jI dy SbdW nwl imlvyN i^AwlW vwly Sbd aucwrn qoN sw& zwhr hY ik gurU nwnk swihb ny AwpxI bwxI dy nwl rivdws jI bwxI BI sWBI hoeI sI; ieh BI gurU AMgd swihb dy hvwly kIqI geI qy auhnW qoN gurU Amrdws jI qk A`pVI [ ies g`l dw pRq`K sbUq rivdws jI dy iek Sbd qoN imldw hY [ BYrau rwg ivc Bgq jI dw iek Sbd ieauN hY:

ibnu dyKy aupjY nhI Awsw ] jo dIsY so hoie ibnwsw ] brn sihq jo jwpY nwmu ] so jogI kyvl inhkwmu ]1] prcY, rwmu rvY jau koeI ] pwrsu prsY duibDw n hoeI ]1]rhwau] so muin mn kI duibDw Kwie ] ibnu duAwry qRY lok smwie ] mn kw suBwau sBu koeI krY ] krqw hoie su AnBY rhY ]2] Pl kwrn PUlI bnrwie ] Plu lwgw qb PUlu iblwie ] igAwnY kwrn krm AiBAwsu ] igAwnu BieAw qh krmh nwsu ]3] iGRq kwrn diD mQY sieAwn ] jIvq mukq sdw inrbwn ] kih rivdws prm bYrwg ] irdY rwmu kI n jpis ABwg ]4]1]

iesy hI rwg ivc gurU Amrdws jI dw hyT-iliKAw Sbd iDAwn nwl pVH ky vyKo [ Bgq rivdws jI dy au~pr-id`qy Sbd nwl kw&I sWJ imlygI, Aqy ieh sWJ sb`b nwl nhIN ho geI [

BYrau m: 3 ] so muin ij mn kI duibDw mwry ] duibDw mwir bRhmu bIcwry ]1] iesu mn kau koeI Kojhu BweI ] mnu Kojqu nwmu nauiniD pweI ]1]rhwau] mUlu mohu kir krqY jgqu aupwieAw ] mmqw lwie Brim BoulwieAw ]2] iesu mn qy sB ipMf prwxw ] mn kY vIcwir hukmu buiJ smwxw ]3] krmu hovY gur ikrpw krY ] iehu mnu jwgY iesu mn kI duibDw mrY ]4] mn kw suBwau sdw bYrwgI ] sB mih vsY AqIqu AnrwgI ]5] khq nwnk jo jwxY Byau ] Awid purKu inrMjn dyau ]6]5]

dohW sbdW dw twkrw:

rivdws jI dy Sbd dI ‘rhwau’ dI quk ghu nwl pVHo [ kihMdy hn—jo mnu`K pRBU dw nwm ismrdw hY aus dw mn BtkxoN ht jWdw hY; aus dI myr-qyr imt jWdI hY [ Sbd dy cwr ‘bMdW’ ivc ies i^Awl dI ivAwiKAw kIqI geI hY [ AwKdy hn—ijs dw mn prc igAw auh Asl jogI hY; ijs dI duibDw imt geI auh Asl munI hY; dunIAw dy DMiDAW dw aus ƒ moh nhIN rihMdw, auh kwr-ivhwr krdw hoieAw BI kwr-ivhwr dy moh qoN mukq hY [ ieh swrI brkiq ‘nwm’ dI hY, jo nwm nhIN jpdw hY, auh ABwgw hY [

pr Bgq jI ny ieh g`l ie`Qy nhIN d`sI ik ieh ‘nwm’ imldw ikQoN hY [ hux pVHo gurU Amrdws jI dw Sbd [ ieh BI ausy qbdIlI dw izkr krdy hn jo pRBU dw nwm ismirAW mnu`K dy mn ivc pYdw huMdI hY [ kihMdy hn—ijs mnu`K ƒ ‘nauiniD nwm’ dI pRwpqI ho jwey auhI Asl munI hY, aus dI myr-qyr imt jWdI hY; pRBU dI rzw ƒ smJ ky auh pRBU-crnW ivc lIn rihMdw hY [ pr, mnu`K dw mn moh ivcoN, mmqw ivcoN kdoN jwgdw hY? jdoN pRBU dI myhr hovy qy gurU imly [

sWJ dw vyrvw:

dohw SbdW dw inrw mzmUn hI ie`k nhI; qukW qy pd BI sWJy hn [

rivdws jI ilKdy hn:

‘so muin mn kI duibDw Kwie’ ]

sRI gurU Amrdws jI ilKdy hn:

‘so muin ij mn kI duibDw mwry’ ]

ies ‘duibDw’ dy mwrn jW Kwx dw qrIkw dohW mhWpurKW ny ‘rhwau’ dI quk ivc ie`ko hI d`isAw hY:

‘rwmu rvY jau koeI’ Aqy ‘pwrsu prsY’—rivdws jI

‘nwmu nauiniD pweI’—gurU Armdws jI

rivdws jI AwKdy hn ik ‘so muin’ duibDw ƒ Kw ky ‘qRYlok smwie’ gurU Amrdws jI ilKdy hn ik ‘so mnu’ duibDw ƒ mwr ky ‘bRhmu bIcwrY’ Aqy ‘hukim buiJ smwxw [’

ies qoN kudrqI is`tw:

ijauN ijauN vDIk ghu nwl iehnW dohW SbdW ƒ iek`iTAW swhmxy r`K ky twkrw krogy, iehnW ivc hor hor sWJ pRq`K id`sx l`g peygI [ ieh sWJ sb`b nwl nhIN ho geI [ kyvl ie`ko nqIjw inkl skdw hY ik Bgq rivdws jI dy swry Sbd gurU nwnk swihb ny bnwrs qoN ilK ley sn [ AwpxI swrI bwxI smyq Bgq jI dI bwxI BI siqgurU jI ny gurU AMgd swihb ƒ id`qI, gurU AMgd swihb qoN gurU Amrdws jI ƒ imlI [ so ijs vyly gurU Amrdws jI ny BYrau rwg vwlw au~pr-id`qw Sbd iliKAw sI, auhnW pws Bgq rivdws jI dw Sbd mOjUd sI [

shjy hoie su hoeI:

soriT rwg dy iek Sbd ivc rivdws jI ieauN ilKdy hn:

srby eyku AnykY suAwmI sB Gt BuogvY soeI ] kih rivdws hwQ pY nyrY, shjy hoie su hoeI ]4]1]

rwg Awsw dy iek CMq ivc gurU nwnk swihb &urmWdy hn:

Awid puriK ieku clqu idKwieAw, jh dyKw qh soeI ] nwnk hir kI Bgiq n Cofau, shjy hoie su hoeI ]2]3]

ieQy rivdws jI dI pihlI quk dy i^Awl ƒ gurU nwnk dyv jI dI pihlI quk dy i^Awl nwl rlw ky vyKxw [ Blw, i^Awl qW sWJy hoxy zrUrI hI sn [ jy i^AwlW dI pUrI sWJ sI, qW hI BgqW dI bwxI siqgurU nwnk dyv jI ƒ ipAwrI l`gI qy auhnW iek`TI BI kr leI [ pr, rqw l&zW dI sWJ vyKo, dUjI quk dw A^Irlw A`Dw ih`sw [ dovyN mhWpurK ilKdy hn:

‘...shjy hoie su hoeI’ ]

ieh nhIN ho skdw ik bnwrs bYTy mhW purK Aqy pMjwb ivc rihMdy siqgurU jI dI bwxI dIAW qukW BI ieauN hU-b-hU rl jWdIAW [ ies sWJ dw kwrn isr& iehI hY ik Bgq rivdws jI dI bwxI gurU nwnk swihb dy pws sI, siqgurU jI aus bwxI ƒ ipAwr nwl pVHdy BI sn, ies qrHW shj-suBwie dohW mhWpurKW dI bwxI ivc l&z sWJy ho gey [

Bgq jYdyv jI Aqy siqgurU nwnk swihb

mYkwil& Anuswr

bMgwl dy izlw bIrBUm ivc iek ngr ‘sUrI’ nwm dw hY, ieh rylvy stySn BI hY, ies qoN qkrIbn vIh mIl dI iv`Q qy iek ipMf kyNdUlI nwm dw hY [ mYkwil& ilKdw hY ik jYdyv jI ies ipMf ivc jnmy sn [ jwiq dy bRwhmx sn [ iehnW dw ipqw Boiedyv pihlW knOj dw rihx vwlw sI [

jYdyv jI dy jIvn bwry iksy ieiqhws ivcoN koeI ^ws vwk&I nhIN iml skI [ ieqnw pqw c`ldw hY ik ieh sMsik®q dy bhuq au~Gy ivdvwn sn; bMgwl dy rwjw lCmn syn dy drbwr ivc pMj AwdmIAW ƒ AwpxI ivdvqw dy kwrn ^ws Awdr-mwn imilAw hoieAw sI, rwjy dy ‘pMj rqn’ mMny jWdy sn, auhnW ivcoN iek jYdyv sI [ ieh rwjw lCmn syn eIsvI sMn 1170 ivc bMgwl ivc rwj krdw sI [

‘Bgq mwl’ Anuswr

pusqk ‘Bgq mwl’ dw krqw ilKdw hY ik jYdyv pihlW iqAwgI ho ky dysW dw rtn krdw irhw, iqAwgI ieqnw sI ik ie`k ru`K hyT kdy do rwqW nhIN sI guzwrdw, jU mqW ikqy moh nwh bx jwey [ pr kuJ smW pw ky jgn nwQ dy iek bRwhmx ny AwpxI lVkI pdmwvqI nwl SwdI krn leI jYdyv ƒ mjbUr kIqw [

pusqk ‘gIq goivMd’:

SwdI krn qoN pihlW jYdyv ny sMsik®q kivqw ivc iek ikqwb ilKI ijs dw nwm ‘gIq goivMd’ hY [ pRym-mwrg ivc ieh ieqnI idl-iKcvIN pusqk hY ik ies ny jYdyv ƒ bVw nwmxw K`t id`qw [ krnwtk Aqy Bwrq dy hor keI ih`isAW ivc jYdyv dy iehnW pRIq dy gIqW ƒ lok bVy ipAwr nwl zbwnI Xwd krdy Aqy gwauNdy hn [ AMgryzI zbwn ivc ies dw aulQw ho cukw hY, kivqw Aqy vwrqk dohW ivc hI [ ieh pusqk ieqnI ipAwr qy sqkwr nwl pVHI geI hY ik keI krwmwqI khwxIAW ies nwl hux qk juV cukIAW hn [ vyKx ƒ qW ieh ikqwb rwDkW qy ik®Sn jI dI pRym-khwxI hY, pr jYdyv jI ny Asl ivc jIv-iesqRI qy pRBU-pqI dy pRym ƒ ies khwxI dI Skl ivc ibAwn kIqw hY [ rwDkW ‘sÍ`C-bu`DI’ hY, gopIAW igAwn-ieMdRIAW hn qy ik®Sn jIvwqmw hY [

dys-rtn:

ieh pusqk mukMml kr ky jYdyv jI ibMdRwbn qy jYpur vl gey [ jYpur dy rwj-drbwr ivc iehnW ƒ bVw Awdr imilAw [ kuJ icr auQy Tihr ky muV Awpxy ipMf kyNdUlI Aw gey [ jYdyv jI dy jnm-idn qy hr swl ieQy mylw lgdw hY, hzwrW vYSnv swDU iek`Ty huMdy hn [

do Sbd:

jydyv jI dy do Sbd sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj hn [ iehnW dI bolI sMsik®q qW nhIN hY, pr sMsik®q dy l&z bQyry imldy hn; kuJ AjyhI bolI vrqx dw jqn jwpdw hY jo qkrIbn swry Bwrq ivc smJI jw sky [

iek Sbd gUjrI rwg ivc hY qy dUjw mwrU ivc [ jYdyv jI iehnW SbdW ivc ihMdU krm kWf qy jog-A`iBAws ƒ insPl au~dm d`sdy hoey prmwqmw dy ismrn ƒ vifAwauNdy hn [

suAwdlI sWJ:

jY dyv jI dy iehnW SbdW ivcoN iek AjIb suAwdlI ieiqhwsk gvwhI imldI hY [ is`K ieiqhws ivc qW ieh i^Awl id`qw hoieAw hY ik BgqW dI bwxI gurU Arjn swihb ny iek`TI kIqI hY; pr gUjrI rwg Aqy mwrU rwg ivc siqgurU nwnk dyv jI dy BI do Sbd hn iehnW ƒ jY dyv jI dy SbdW dy swhmxy r`K ky pVHo, AYsI sohxI suAwdlI sWJ imldI hY ijs qoN iehI nqIjw inkl skdw hY ik jY dyv jI dy ieh dovyN Sbd gurU nwnk swihb ny Awp hI pihlI ‘audwsI’ smy jY dyv dI jnm-BUmI qoN ilAWdy sn [ auh cwry hI Sbd hyT id`qy jWdy hn, qW ik pwTk s`jx Awp pVH ivcwr ky &Yslw kr skx [

rwg gUjrI dy Sbd:

gUjrI jY dyv jI, Gru 4 [

prmwid purK mnoipmM siq Awid Bwv rqM ] prmd BuqM pr ik®iq prM, jid icMiq srb gqM ]1] kyvl rwm nwm mnormM ] bid AMimRq qq mieAM ] n dnoiq jsmrxyn, jnm jrwiD mrx BieAM ]1]rhwau] ieCis jmwid prwBXM, jsu sÍsiq suik®q ik®qM ] Bv BUq smibHAM, prmM pRsMnimdM ]2] loBwie idRsit pr igRhM, jidibiD AwcrxM ] qij skl duhik®q durmqI Bju ck®Dr srxM ]3] hir Bgq inj inhkyvlw, ird krmxw bcsw ] jogyn ikM jgyn ikM dwnyn ikM qpsw ]4] goibMd goibMdyiq jip, nr skl isiD pdM ] jY dyv Awieau qs sPutM Bv BUq srb gqM ]5]1]

gUjrI mhlw 1 Gru 4 ]

Bgiq pRym AwrwiDqM, scu ipAws prm ihqM ] ibllwp ibll ibnµqIAw, suK Bwie icq ihqM ]1] jip mn nwmu hir srxI ] sMswr swgr qwir qwrx, rm nwm kir krxI ]1]rhwau] ey mn imrq suB icMqM, gur sbid hir rmxM ] miq qqu igAwnµ, kilAwx inDwnµ, hir nwm min rmxM ]2] cl icq ivq BRmw BRmM jgu moh mgn ihqM ] iQru nwmu Bgq idRVM mqI, gur vwk sbd rqM ]4] Brmwiq Bgmu nw cUkeI, jgu jnim ibAwiD KpM ] AsQwnu hir inrkyvlµ, siq mqI nwm qpM ]4] iehu jgu moh hyq ibAwpiqM, duKu AiDk jnm mrxM ] Bju srix siqgur aUbrih, hir nwmu ird rmxM ]5]...

BY Bwie Bgiq qru Bvjlu mnw, icqu lwie hir crxI ]...7]

lb loB lhir invwrxM, hir nwm rwis mnµ ] mnu mwir quhI inrMjnw khu nwnkw srnµ ]8]1]5]

keI g`lW imldIAW:

keI g`lW ivc ieh dovyN Sbd Awpo ivc imldy hn:

(1) dovyN Sbd ‘Gru 4’ ivc hn;

(2) sur nwl dohW ƒ pVH ky vyKo, CMd dI cwl ie`ko ijhI hY;

(3) dohW dI bolI qkrIbn ieko ijhI hY;

(4) keI l&z dohW ivc sWJy hn;

(5) dohW dw mzmUn ie`ko hI hY, prmwqmw dw nwm ismrn leI pRyrnw kIqI geI hY [

dohW SbdW dI ies fUMGI sWJ qoN iehI nqIjw inkldw hY ik jdoN gurU nwnk dyv jI AwpxI pihlI ‘audwsI’ smy (1507 qoN 1515) swry ihMdU qIrQW qy gey qW bMgwl ivc Bgq jY dyv jI dy jnm-ngr BI phuMcy, auQoN Bgq jI dw ieh Sbd imilAw [ ies ƒ Awpxy AwSy-Anuswr vyK ky ies dw auqwrw Awpxy pws r`K ilAw, qy iesy hI rMg-FMg dw Sbd Awpxy vloN aucwr ky ies Sbd nwl p`kI fUMGI sWJ pw leI [

mwrU rwg dy Sbd:

mwrU jY dyv jI:

cMd sq ByidAw, nwd sq pUirAw, sUr sq KoVsw dqu kIAw ] Abl blu qoiVAw, Acl clu QipAw, AGVu GiVAw qhw Aipau pIAw ]1] mn Awid gux Awid vKwixAw ] qyrI duibDw idRsit sMmwinAw ]1]rhwau] AriD kau AriDAw, sriD kau sriDAw, sll kau sill sMmwin AwieAw ] bdiq jYdyau jYdyv kau rMimAw, bRhmu inrbwxu ilvlIxu pwieAw ]2]1]

hyT-iliKAw gurU nwnk swihb dw Sbd ies Sbd nwl rlw ky pVHo, auh BI mwrU rwg ivc hI hY:

mwrU mhlw 1:

sUr sru sois lY, som sru poiK lY, jugiq kir mrqu, su snbMDu kIjY ] mIn kI cpl isau jugiq mnu rwKIAY, aufY nh hMsu nh kMDu CIjY ]1] mUVy kwiecy Brim Bulw ] nh cIinAw prmwnµdu bYrwgI ]1]rhwau] Ajru ghu jwir lY, Amru ghu mwir lY, BRwiq qij Coif qau Aipau pIjY ] mIn kI cpl isau jugiq mnu rwKIAY, aufY nh hMsu nh kMDu CIjY ]2] Bxiq nwnku jno, rvY jy hir mno, mn pvn isau AMimRqu pIjY ] mIn kI cpl isau jugiq mnu rwKIAY, aufY nh hMsu nh kMDu CIjY ]3]9]

dovyN Sbd mwrU rwg ivc hn; dohW dy CMd dI cwl ieko ijhI hY, qy keI l&z sWJy hn [ jYdyv jI dy Sbd ivc is&iq-swlwh krn dy lwB d`sy hn, gurU nwnk dyv jI ny is&iq-swlwh krn dI ‘jugiq’ BI d`sI hY [ jYdyv jI mn ƒ sMboDn kr ky AwKdy hn ik jy qUM is&iq-swlwh kryN qW qyrI cMclqw dUr ho jweygI; siqgurU jI jIv ƒ aupdyS krdy hn ik is&iq-swlwh dI jugiq vriqAW mn dI cMclqw imt jWdI hY [

ijauN ijauN iehnW dohW SbdW ƒ ghu nwl rlw ky pVHIey, fUMGI sWJ id`sdI hY; qy ies nqIjy auqy ApVnoN rih nhIN skIdw ik gurU nwnk dyv jI dy pwsoN Bgq jYdyv jI dw ieh Sbd mOjUd sI [ ieh ieqnI fUMGI sWJ sb`b nwl nhIN ho geI [ gurU nwnk dyv jI pihlI ‘audwsI’ ivc ihMdU qIrQW qy huMdy hoey bMgwl ivc BI A`pVy sn, jYdyv jI bMgwl dy rihx vwly sn, siqgurU jI ny ieh Sbd aus dI sMqwn pwsoN jW SrDwlUAW pwsoN ley hoxgy [

Bgq rivdws jI dw ieSt

sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc rivdws jI dy 40 Sbd hn [ iehnW ƒ rqw iDAwn nwl piVHAw ienswnI jIvn bwry Bgq jI dy i^Awl smJx ivc koeI AOiKAweI nhIN pYNdI, bVw pRq`K id`sdw hY ik rivdws jI dy Dwrimk i^Awl inrol gurU nwnk dyv jI dy AwSy Anuswr hn [ pr pusqk ‘gur Bgq-mwl’ Aqy ‘is`K iriljn’ ivc Bgq rivdws jI dy jIvn bwry kuJ AYsIAW g`lW imldIAW hn jo Bgq jI dI AwpxI bwxI dy AwSy nwl myl nhIN KWdIAW[ ‘gur Bgq mwl’ iek inrmly sMq jI dI ilKI hoeI hY, Aqy sMpRdweI is`K sMgqW ivc Awdr-mwx nwl pVHI jWdI hY [ pusqk ‘is`K iriljn’ imstr mYkwil& ny AMgryzI ivc ilKI hY, ies ikqwb ƒ AMgryzI pVHy-ilKy is`K qkrIbn SrDw nwl pVHdy hn [ ies vwsqy zrUrI jwipAw hY ik Bgq rivdws jI bwry iehnW ikqwbW ivc ilKy i^AwlW au~qy aucycI ivcwr kIqI jwey [

mYkwil& Anuswr:

mYkwil& ny rivdws jI dw jIvn-ieiqhws ilKidAW izkr kIqw hY ik:

(1) rivdws jI ny cmVy dI iek mUrqI bxw ky Awpxy Gr r`KI hoeI sI [ ies mUrqI dI ieh pUjw kirAw krdy sn [ mYkwil& ny ieh inrnw nhIN kIqw ik ieh mUrqI iks Avqwr Awidk dI sI [

(2) aus mUrqI dI pUjw ivc msq ho ky rivdws ny ikrq-kwr C`f id`qI, ies vwsqy aus dI mwlI hwlq bhuq hI pqlI pY geI [ ies qMgI dy idnIN hI iek mhwqmw ny Aw ky Bgq jI dI mwiek shwieqw krn leI iehnW ƒ pwrs id`qw [ pihlW qW rivdws jI lYx qoN ienkwrI rhy, pr aus dy hT krn qy ausy ƒ hI kih id`qw ik ivhVy dI iek gu`Ty n`p idau [ 13 mhIny bIq gey, auh swDU muV dUjI vwrI AwieAw, Awpxw pwrs Ax-vriqAw hI vyK ky lY igAw [

(3) ijs tokrI ivc rivdws jI ny mUrqI-pUjw dw swmwn r`iKAw hoieAw sI, aus ivcoN iek idn pMj mohrW inkl peIAW [ rivdws ny auh mohrW auQy hI rihx id`qIAW, qy, AgWh ƒ aus tokrI ƒ h`Q lwxw hI bMd kr id`qw [ qW prmwqmw ny rivdws ƒ AkwS-bwxI dI rwhIN AwiKAw rivdws! qYƒ qW mwieAw dI cwh nhIN, pr hux mYN jo kuJ BI qYƒ ByjW auh moVnw nhIN [ rivdws ny ieh bcn mMn ilAw [

(4) iek SrDwlU DnI ny rivdws ƒ bhuq swrw Dn id`qw, ijs nwl Bgq ny iek srW bxvweI, musw&r-^wnw bxvwieAw, Awey-gey sMq swD dI syvw hox l`g peI [ Awpxy ieSt-dyv leI iek bVw suMdr mMdr iqAwr krwieAw, qy, Awpxy rihx leI BI du-C`qw mkwn bxvwieAw [

(5) rivdws dI ies sOKI mwiek hwlq ƒ vyK ky bRwhmx du`KI hoey [ auhnW bnwrs dy rwjy pws iSkwieq kIqI ik SwSqR AwigAw nhIN dyNdy ju iek nIc jwqI dw mnu`K prmwqmw dI mUrqI bxw ky aus dI pUjw kry [

(6) rivdws vyd-SwSqRW dy d`sy hoey sB puMn-krm krdw sI [

gur Bgq mwl Anuswr:

pusqk ‘gur Bgq mwl’ ivc rivdws jI dy jIvn bwry 6 swKIAW ilKIAW hoeIAW hn, auhnW Anuswr:

(1) ‘eyk bRhmcwrI rwmwnµd jI kw is`K hUAw [ so kWsI myN iBiKAw mWg kr rsoeI is`D kr ky rwmwnµd jI kau KvwieAw kry [ ausI iSvpurI mYN eyk bwxIAw BI in`q hI bRhmcwrI kau khy ik myry sy sIDw ly kr eyk idn rwmwnµd jI kau myrw BI Bog lgwvo [....eyk idn....bRhmcwrI iqs qy sIDw ilAwieAw, rsoeI rwmwnµd jI kI rsnw gRhx krvweI [ jb rwmwnµd jI rwqR kau BgvMq ky crnoN mYN ibRqI iesiQq krY, iksI pRkwr BI nwh hovy [...bRhmcwrI kau blwie kr pUCq Bey ik, qUM sIDw iks ky Gr kw ilAwieAw sI [....bRhmcwrI vwrqw pRgt krqw BieAw [....rwmwnµd jI kI AwigAw pw kr bRhmcwrI iqs (bwxIey) ky pws jwie kr pUCq BieAw [ bwxIey ny khw—myrw Swh qau cmwr hY, iqs hI kw pYsw ly kr vrqqw hON, Ar voh sdw hI duSt krm krqw hY [

‘jb rwmwnµd jI ny AYsw suxw, qb kop hoie kr (bRhmcwrI kau) khw—Ary duSt! qum nIc ky gRh mY jnm Dwrn kro [’

rwmwnµd jI dy ies sRwp dy kwrn auh bRwhmx bRRhmcwrI iek cmwr dy Gr jnimAw qy aus dw nwm rivdws r`iKAw igAw [

(2) kuJ sMq swD hirduAwr gMgw dy drSn ƒ cly [ iek bRwhmx rivdws qoN ju`qI gMFw ky iek dmVI dy ky auhnW sMqW dy nwl gMgw dy drSn ƒ cilAw sI [ rivdws ny auho dmVI aus bRwhmx ƒ dy ky AwiKAw ik gMgw mweI ƒ myry vloN Byt dy dyxI, pr AwKxw h`Q k`F ky dmVI PVy [ auhI g`l hoeI [

(3) prmwqmw iek swD dw vys Dwr ky rivdws dy Gr AwieAw [ Bgq ny bVI syvw kIqI [ swD-rUp pRBU ny qurn vyly iek pwrs rivdws ƒ dy id`qw qy AwiKAw ik AsI qIrQW qoN iek swl ip`CoN Aw ky lY lvWgy [ Bgq dI rMbI ƒ pwrs Cuhw ky BI sonw kr ivKwieAw [ rivdws ƒ iPr BI aus pwrs dw lwlc nwh PuirAw [ swDU dy hT krn qy Awpxy Gr dI iek gu`Ty rKw ilAw, pr vriqAw nwh [ swl ipCoN auh swDU AwieAw qy ijQy rK igAw sI, auQoN Ax-vriqAw pwrs moV ky lY igAw [

(4) ‘ijs jgw Twkr jI kI pUjw Bgq jI krqy sy, qhW Twkr jI ky Awsn ny nIcy pWc ASrPI gupq hI vwsdyv jI Dr gey [.......jb...pWc ASrPI pVI hUeI dyKI qb mn mYN vIcwr kIAw ik Ab Twkur jI kI syvw BI qjo...ieh BI mn kau lwlc dy kr BgqI mYN ivvDwn fwlqI hY [’

rwq ƒ supny ivc ‘pRBU jgq bMdn ny Bgq jI kau kihAw—jb mYN pwrs ly kr AwieAw qb qY ny pwrs BI n lIAw [ Ab mYN pWc ASr&I rwKI, qb qY ny Dn ky duK kr myrI syvw kw hI iqAwg kr dIAw....(qU) muJ kau ljw lvwvqw hY.......qW qy qum Dn koau gRhx kro [......so iqsI idn qy ly kr pWc ASr&I roz hI hrI Bgvwn TwkroN ky Awsx ky nIcy Dr jwvYN, qd hI qy rivdws jI lwgy BMfwry krny [’

(5) rivdws jI dI cVHdI klw vyK ky kWSI dy bRwhmxW ny rwjy pws iSkwieq kIqI ik ‘jwqI kw nIc...cmwr...insidn hI Twkur kI pUjw kIAw krqw hY [ ieh pUjw iqs kw AiDkwr nhIN [ Twkur dI pUjw hmwrw AiDkwr hY [

rwjy ny k®oD ivc Aw ky rivdws ƒ s`d ByijAw, aus ƒ pu`iCAw—‘ieh swlgRwm ky pUjw kI dIiKAw quJ kau iks ny deI? rivdws ny au~qr id`qw ik ‘aUc nIc srb my eyk hrI Bgvwn hI ivAwpk hY [ qW qy srb jn pUjw ky AiDkwrI hYN [’

koloN mMqRI ny rwjy ƒ slwh id`qI ik iehnW sirAW ƒ AwKo ik Awpxy TwkurW ƒ ieQy ilAw ky ndI ivc su`tx qy iPr bulwaux, ijnHW dy Twkur nwh qrn auh jwxo p`Qr hI hn, dyv nhIN hn [ ieh prK hox qy ‘rivdws jI dy Twkur jl ky aUpr AYsy qrYN jYsy murgweI... [ do GVI pRXMq Twkur jI jl ky aUpr k®IVw krqy rhy’ [ jdoN rivdws jI ny s`idAw ik AwE Gr c`lIey, qW ‘AYsy suxqy hI Twkur jI daur kr ndI ky knwry Awie lwgy [ qb Bgq jI ny qulsIdl DUp dIpwid ly kr Twkur jI kw pUjn krw’ [

(6) rivdws jI dI ieh soBw sux ky icqOr dI rwxI JwlI Bgq jI dI SrDwlU bxI [ icqOr dy rwjy ny iehnW ƒ Awpxy Sihr sdvwieAw [ auQoN dy bRwhmxW dI cu`k qy auQy BI prK kIqI geI [ rwjy ny AwiKAw ik AsW iek Awsx iqAwr krwieAw hY ‘jYsy ndI qy inks kr pRBU qumwry hwQ pr Awid iesiQq Bey hYN, qYsy XhW isMGwsn pr mMdr qy inks kr Twkur jU Awie ibrwjmwn hovYN’ [ bRwhmxW ƒ BI iehI g`l AwKI geI [ bRwhmxW dy AwKy qW Twkur nwh Awey, pr jdoN rivdws au~cI sur ivc pRym nwl Sbd AlwipAw, qW Twkur jI rwjy dy mhlW ivcoN dOV ky Bgq jI dI god ivc Aw bYTy [

iesy qrHW rivdws dI iek hor prK BI kIqI geI, qW auhnW ivpRW ny pRwrQnw kIqI ik ‘hy Bgvwn, Awp ny XigEpvIq ikauN nhIN Dwrn krw hUAw [’ rivdws jI Awpxy nhuAW nwl Awpxy ipMfy dw mws aucyV ky ‘BIqr qy suArn kw XigEpvIq prw hUAw iqn kauN idKwvqy Bey [’

not:- pihlI swKI ivc ieh BI izkr hY jdoN bRhmcwrI cmwr dy Gr jw jnimAw, aus bwlk ƒ Awpxy pihly jnm dI suriq sI, APsos ivc auh mW dy QxW dw du`D nhIN sI pINdw [ rwmwnµd jI ƒ supny ivc prmwqmw ny pRyrnw kIqI [ AYsy sux kr rwmwnµd jI Awpxw crn Doie kr iqs ky muK ivKy pwvq Bey [ bhuVo qwrk mMqR dy kr iqs ky kwn mY Awpxw is`K krqo Bey [ AOr AYso vcn kIAw—‘hy puqR! dUD kau pwn kro, Ab srb pwp qyry Bwg gey hYN [ Ab qUM inrml hUAw hYN, AOr Awj qyrw nwm sMswr mY rivdws krky pRis`D hUAw’ [

iehnW dohW ilKwrIAW dIAW khwxIAW Anuswr:

(1) rivdws Awpxy pihly jnm ivc iek bRhmcwrI bRwhmx sI; Bgq rwmwnµd jI (bRwhmx) dy sRwp krky ies ƒ iek cmwr dy Gr jnm lYxw ipAw [

(2) cmwr dy Gr jMmdy hI rwmwnµd jI (bRwhmx) rivdws dy gurU bxy [

(3) Awpxy Gr ivc cMm dI mUrqI bxw ky rivdws jI ies dI pUjw krdw sI [ pUjw ivc msq ho ky Bgq ny ikrq-kwr C`f id`qI qy mwieAw vloN bhuq qMgI ho geI [

(4) prmwqmw ny iek swDU dy vys ivc Aw ky rivdws ƒ iek pwrs id`qw, pr ies ny aus ƒ nwh vriqAw [ qW iPr, ijs tokrI ivc Twkur jI dI pUjw dw swmwn sI aus ivcoN, jW Twkur jI dy Awsx hyToN pMj mohrW imlIAW, auh BI nwh leIAW [ mwieAw qoN frdy ny Twkur jI dI pUjw BI C`f id`qI [

(5) prmwqmw ny supny ivc AwiKAw ik myrI pUjw nwh C`f, qy, mwieAw lYxoN ienkwr nwh kr [ qW iPr, pRBU dI ByjI aus mwieAw nwl rivdws ny iek mMdr bxwieAw, Awpxy duC`qy Gr BI bxwey, BMfwry BI clx l`g pey [ bRwhmx ny eIrKw ivc Aw ky kWSI dy rwjy pws iSkwieq kIqI [ prK hox qy rivdws jI dy Twkur jI ndI auqy qry [ rivdws ny qulsIdl DUp dIpwid nwl pUjw kIqI [

(6) rivdws vyd-SwsqRW dy d`sy hoey sB puMn-krm krdw sI [

(7) rivdws ny jnyaU BI pwieAw hoieAw sI; pr ieh jnyaU sony dw sI Aqy ipMfy dy AMdrly pwsy sI [

Twkur-pUjw:

jy Bgq rivdws jI dI bwxI sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj nwh huMdI qW Aswƒ iehnW aupr-ilKIAW khwxIAW dI pVcol krn dI loV nwh pYNdI [ is`K-Drm dy inScy Anuswr Twkur-pUjw jW mUrqI-pUjw iek Zlq rsqw hY, gurU Arjn swihb ny sw& &urmwieAw hY:

‘Gir mih Twkuru ndir n AwvY ] gl mih pwhxu lY ltkwvY ]1] Brmy BUlw swkuq iPrqw ] nIru ibrolY Kip Kip mrqw ]1]rhwau] ijsu pwhx kau Twkuru khqw ] Ehu pwhxu lY aus kau fubqw ]2] gunhgwru lUxhrwmI ] pwhn nwv n pwr grwmI ]3] gur imil nwnk Twkuru jwqw ] jil Qil mhIAil pUrn ibDwqw ]4]3]9]   {sUhI mhlw 5

mlUm huMdw hY ik rivdws jI bwry Twkur-pUjw dIAW ieh khwxIAW gurU Arjn swihb qoN ipCoN GVIAW geIAW; nhIN qW, ijvyN auhnW DMnw jI bwry bxI khwxI dI qrdId kIqI sI iqvyN rivdws jI dI Twkur-pUjw dI inKyDI kr jWdy [

so, hux AsW ies ivcwr ivc isr& rivdws jI dI bwxI dw hI Awsrw lYxw hY [

rwmwnµd jI dw sRwp:

jy rwmwnµd jI dy sRwp nwl koeI bRhmcwrI bRwhmx iksy cmwr dy Gr jMm ky rivdws AKvwieAw sI, qy, iPr rwmwnµd jI ies rivdws dy gurU BI bxy sn, qW jdoN rivdws rqw isAwxI aumr dw hoieAw hovygw, ies ƒ BI auhnW auh swrI vwrqw zrUr suxweI hovygI [ pr ieh Acrj g`l hY ik rivdws jI swrI aumr Awpxy Awp ƒ cmwr hI smJdy rhy, AwpxI bwxI ivc Awpxy Awp ƒ cmwr hI AwKdy rhy [ keI SbdW ivc prmwqmw dy dr qy rivdws jI Ardws krdy hn, qy, AwKdy hn ik hy pRBU! myry mn dy ivkwr dUr kr, pr ikqy BI auhnW AwpxI ies ipCly jnm dI h`f-bIqI dw hvwlw dy ky nhIN AwiKAw ik Bu`lW dy kwrn hI mYN bRwhmx-jnm qoN if`g ky cmwr-jwqI ivc Aw A`piVAw [ sRwp dI ^br isr& do jixAW ƒ hI sI, rwmwnµd ƒ Aqy aus bRhmcwrI ƒ [ cmwr dy Gr jMm ky pihlW pihlW Ajy aus bwl ƒ cyqw BI sI ik mYN bRwhmx qoN cmwr bixAw hW [ jy rwmwnµd jI ny sRwp vwlI vwrqw iksy ƒ BI nhIN suxweI, qW “gur Bgq mwl” dy ilKwrI ƒ ikQoN sUh l`g geI? ieh g`l AYsI AnoKI sI ik iksy iek iDr ƒ BI jy rwmwnµd jI d`s dyNdy qW swry Sihr ivc kWvW-rOlI pY jWdI, qy, lok huMm-humw ky aus AnoKy bwl ƒ vyKx qur pYNdy, qy, rivdws ƒ swrI aumr lok aus dI ieh h`f-bIqI cyqy krWdy rihMdy [ pr rivdws jI sdw iehI AwKdy rhy:

nwgr jnW myrI jwiq ibiKAwq cMmwrM ]...

myrI jwiq kut bWFlw For FovMqw inqih bwnwrsI Aws pwsw ] Ab ibpR prDwn iqh krih fMfauiq qyry nwm srxwie rivdws dwsw ]   {mlwr

iek hor g`l BI bVI Ax-hoxI ijhI hY [ “gur Bgq mwl” dy ilKwrI dw prmwqmw BI koeI AnoKI hsqI hY [ ilKwrI ilKdw hY ik jdoN bRhmcwrI cmwrW dy Gr jMm ipAw, qW auh Awpxy ipCly au~qm jnm dw cyqw kr ky AwpxI cmwr-mW dy QxW qoN du`D nhIN sI pINdw [ prmwqmw ny rwmwnµd ƒ supny ivc JwV pweI ik iek in`kI ijhI g`l ip`Cy qUM aus ZrIb bRhmcwrI ƒ sRwp dy ky ikauN ieh kSt id`qw [ kI ilKwrI dy prmwqmw dI mrzI qoN ibnw bdo-bdI rwmwnµd ny bRwhmx ƒ cmwr dy Gr jw jnm id`qw? kI BgqI dw nqIjw iehI inklxw cwhIdw hY ik Bgq Awp-hudrIAW BI krn l`g pYx? qy, kI jo jo AnrQ Aijhy Bgq jgq ivc krnw krwxw cwhx, r`b ƒ zrUr krny pYNdy hn? ieh qW TIk hY ik

“Bgq jnw kw kry krwieAw”

pr Bgq BI auhI ho skdw hY jo prmwqmw dI pUrn rzw ivc rihMdw hY [ Bgq koeI AYsI g`l icqvdw hI nhIN jo prmwqmw dI mrzI Anuswr nwh hovy [

ies khwxI ivcoN iek g`l sw& id`s rhI hY ik ies dy GVn vwly ƒ cmwr Awidk nIvIN jwiq vwilAW qoN n&rq hY, qy prmwqmw dI BgqI aus ƒ isr& bRwhmx dw hI h`k id`sdw hY [

lukvyN FMg nwl bRwhmx dI pUjw:

rivdws jI dy TwkurW dw izkr krn vyly qW “gur Bgq mwl” vwly ny r`j ky rIJ lwh leI hY [ Twkur jI ndI ivc qwrIAW lWdy rhy, Twkur jI icqOr dy rwjy dy mhlW ivcoN qur ky rwj-drbwr ivc A`pV ky rivdws jI dI god ivc Aw bYTy [ jdoN kWSI dI ndI ivcoN qwrIAW lw ky Twkur jI Awpxy Bgq rivdws dy khy bwhr Awey qW rivdws jI ny qulsIdl qy DUp dIpwid nwl Twkur jI dI pUjw kIqI [ jdoN icqOr dy rwj-drbwr ivc rivdws dy Twkur jI rivdws dI god ivc Aw ibrwjy qW bRwhmxW ƒ BMfwirAW leI rsdW ByjIAW geIAW; bRwhmxW ny rsd lYx qoN ienkwr kIqw qW prmwqmw Awp syvk-rUp Dwr ky AwieAw qy bRwhmxW dy GrIN rsdW ApVwx igAw [ iek Kyf Ajb vrqdI rhI [ bRwhmxW dy Twkur jI ndI ivc BI fu`by hI rhy, qy, icqOr dy rwj-drbwr ivc qur ky BI nwh A`pV sky; pr jdoN vylw AwieAw Kwx pIx dw, qdoN aucycy syvk-rUp Dwr ky bRwhmxW dy GrIN rsdW ApVw Awey [ vyK lau, ies ƒ AwKIdw hY “Brw BrwvW dy, qy kW kWvW dy” [ koeI BI g`l hovy, qy, ikqy BI peI hovy, muV-iGV bRwhmxW dI pUjw qy bRwhmxW ƒ BMfwry [ ijs Kwqy ivc if`igAW ƒ siqgurU nwnk dyv jI ny k`iFAw sI, pqw nhIN ‘gur Bgq mwl’ dy ilKwrI jI BolI BwlI is`K jnqw ƒ ikauN muV auQy fygx dI koSS kr gey hn [

gurmiq Aqy Twkur pUjw:

‘is`K iriljn’ Aqy ‘gur Bgq mwl’ dy ilKwrIAW ny iehnW khwxIAW dI rwhIN ieh prq`K kr ivKwieAw hY ik rivdws dI Twkur-mUrqI Aqy prmwqmw ivc koeI &rk nhIN sI [ jdoN rivdws dI ZrIbI vyK ky prmwqmw ny Twkur jI dy (Bwv, Awpxy) Awsx hyT pMj mohrW r`K id`qIAW qy rivdws ny Twkur-pUjw C`f id`qI, qW rwq ƒ supny ivc prmwqmw ny rivdws ƒ AwiKAw ik qUM myrI pUjw ikauN qrk kr id`qI hY [ kI iehI hY is`K Drm ijs dw prcwr iehnW pusqkW ny kIqw hY? pr gurU Arjn swihb dw Twkur qW auh hY jo hryk ihrdy-rUp f`by ivc itikAw hoieAw hY, qy, jo hr vyly hI audk-ieSnwnI hY; Awp &urmWdy hn:

Awsw mhlw 5 ] AwT phr audk iesnwnI ] sd hI Bogu lgwie su igAwnI ] ibrQw kwhU CofY nwhI ] bhuir bhuir iqsu lwgh pweI ]1] swligrwmu hmwrY syvw ] pUjw Arcw bMdn dyvw ]1]rhwau] GMtw jw kw sunIAY chu kuMt ] Awsnu jw kw sdw bYkuMT ] jw kw cvru sB aUpir JUlY ] qw kw DUpu sdw prPulY ]2] Git Git sMptu hY ry jw kw ] ABg sBw sMig hY swDw ] AwrqI kIrqnu sdw Anµd ] mihmw suMdr sdw byAMq ]3] ijsih prwpiq iqs hI lhnw ] sMq crn Ehu AwieE srnw ] hwQ ciVE hir swligrwmu ] khu nwnk guir kIno dwnu ]4]36]90]

gurU nwnk pwiqSwh nwl ipAwr krn vwly guris`K jdoN AijhIAW swKIAW pVHdy hn qW auhnW ƒ sucyq rihxw cwhIdw hY ik cmVy jW p`Qr Awidk dy bxy hoey Twkur ƒ pUjx vwly iksy BI bMdy dI bwxI ƒ sRI gurU gRMQ swihb jI dI mhW pivqR bIV ivc QW nhIN sI iml skdI [

dovyN hI ilKwrI ieh ilKdy hn ik rwmwnµd jI rivdws jI dy gurU sn [ qW iPr, jy rivdws jI Twkur-pUj sn, ieh Twkur-pUjw auhnW ƒ auhnW dy gurU rwmwnµd jI ny hI isKweI hovygI [ pr rwmwnµd jI qW p`Qr Awidk dy bxy hoey Twkur dI pUjw krn dy ivru`D sn [ auh ilKdy hn:

bsMqu rwmwnµd jI ] kq jweIAY ry Gr lwgo rMgu ] myrw icqu n clY mnu BieE pMgu ]1]rhwau] eyk idvs min BeI aumMg ] Gis coAw cMdn bhu sugMD ] pUjn cwlI bRhm Twie ] so bRhmu bqwieE guir mn hI mwih ]1] jh jweIAY qh jl pKwn ] qU pUir rihE hY sB smwn ] byd purwn sB dyKy joie ] aUhW qau jweIAY jau eIhW n hoie ]2] siqgur mY bilhwrI qor ] ijin skl ibkl BRm kwty mor ] rwmwnµd suAwmI rmq bRhm ] gur kw sbdu kwtY koit krm ]3]1]

jo rwmwnµd jI Awp AijhI Twkur-pUjw dy bri^lw& sn, auh kdy rivdws jI ƒ Twkur-pUjw dI is`iKAw nhIN dy skdy sn [ ijs rwmwnµd ƒ Awpxw suAwmI bRhm sB jIvW ivc id`s irhw sI, auh iksy auqy gu`sy ho ky koeI sRwp BI nhIN dy skdw sI [ so, ieh bRhmcwrI cyly vwlI khwxI mn-GVq hY [

hux, Awau, vyKIey ik Bgq rivdws jI AwpxI bwxI ivc iks rUp ivc idKweI dyNdy hn [

Bgq rivdws jI Aqy Twkur pUjw:

‘gur Bgq mwl’ vwlw ilKdw hY ik jdoN Twkur jI ndI ivc qwrIAW lw ky iknwry qy Awey qW rivdws jI ny qulsIdl DUp dIpwid nwl Twkur jI dI pUjw kIqI [ kI rivdws jI dI AwpxI bwxI ivcoN koeI AijhI gvwhI imldI hY? auh qW sgoN ies dy ault ilKdy hn:

gUjrI rivdws jI ] dUDu q bCrY Qnhu ibtwirE ] PUlu Bvir jlu mIin ibgwirE ]1] mweI goibMd pUjw khw lY crwvau ] Avru n PUlu AnUpu n pwvau ]1]rhwau] mYlwgr byrHy hY BuieAMgw ] ibKu AMimRqu bsih iek sMgw ]2] DUp dIp neIbydih bwsw ] kYsy pUj krih qyrI dwsw ]3] qnu mnu Arpau pUj crwvau ] gur prswid inrMjnu pwvau ]4] pUjw Arcw Awih n qorI ] kih rivdws kvn giq morI ]5]1]

Aqy

DnwsrI rivdws jI ] nwmu qyro AwrqI mjnu murwry ] hir ky nwm ibnu JUTy sgl pwswry ]1]rhwau] nwmu qyro Awsno nwmu qyro aursw, nwmu qyrw kysro ly iCtkwry ] nwmu qyrw AMBulw nwmu qyry cMdno, Gis jpy nwmu ly quJih kau cwry ]1] nwmu qyrw dIvw nwmu qyro bwqI, nwmu qyro qylu ly mwih pswry ] nwmu qyry kI joiq lgweI, BieE auijAwro Bvn sglwry ]2] nwmu qyrw qwgw nwmu PUl mwlw, Bwr ATwrh sgl jUTwry ] qyro kIAw quJih ikAw Arpau, nwmu qyrw quhI cvr Folwry ]3] dsATw, ATsTy, cwry KwxI, iehY vrqin hY sgl sMswry ] khY rivdwsu nwmu qyro AwrqI, siq nwmu hY hir Bog quhwrY ]4]3]

rivdws jI krm-kWfI:

mYkwil& ny pusqk ‘is`K iriljn’ ivc iliKAw hY ik rivdws vyd-SwsqRW dy d`sy hoey sB puMn-krm krdw sI; pr vydW SwsqRW dy d`sy krm kWf bwry rivdws jI Awp ieauN ilKdy hn:

kydwrw rivdws jI ] Ktu krm kul sMjugqu hY, hir Bgiq ihrdY nwih ] crnwribMd n kQw BwvY, spuc quil smwin ]1] ry icq cyiq cyq Acyq ] kwhy n bwlmIkih dyK ] iksu jwiq qy ikh pdih AmirE, rwm Bgiq ibsyK ]1]rhwau] suAwn sqRü Ajwqu sB qy ik®s˜ lwvY hyqu ] logu bpurw ikAw srwhY, qIin lok pRvys ]2] Ajwmlu ipMgulw luBqu kuMcru gey hir kY pwis ] AYsy durmiq insqry qU ikau n qrih rivdws ]3]

ie`Qy iek hor g`l BI ivcwrn vwlI hY [ rivdws jI ikhVy iksy au~cI kul dy bRwhmx sn ik auh iksy krm-kWf nwl cMbVy rihMdy [ nw jnyaU pwx dw h`k, nwh mMdr ivc vVn dI AwigAw, nwh iksy srwD smyN bRwhmx ny auhnW dy Gr dw Kwxw, nwh sMiDAw qrpx gwieqRI Awidk dw auhnW ƒ AiDkwr [ iPr, auh kyhVw krm-kWf sI ijs dw SOk rivdws jI ƒ ho skdw sI?

hW, BYrau rwgu ivc rivdws jI ny iek Sbd iliKAw hY ijs ƒ Zlq smJ ky iksy ny ieh  GwVq GV leI hovygI ik Bgq jI vyd-SwsqRW dy d`sy puMn-krm krdy sn [ auh Sbd ieauN hY:

ibnu dyKy aupjY nhI Awsw ] jo dIsY so hoie ibnwsw ] brn sihq jo jwpY nwmu ] so jogI kyvl inhkwmu ]1] prcY, rwmu rvY jau koeI ] pwrsu prsY duibDw n hoeI ]1]rhwau] so muin mn kI duibDw Kwie ] ibnu duAwry qRY lok smwie ] mn kw suBwau sBu koeI krY ] krqw hoie su AnBY rhY ]2] Pl kwrn PUlI bnrwie ] Plu lwgw qb PUlu iblwie ] igAwnY kwrn krm AiBAws ] igAwnu BieAw qh krmh nwsu ]3] iGRq kwrn dis mQY sieAwn ] jIvq mukq sdw inrbwn ] kih rivdws prm bYrwg ] irdY rwmu kI n jpis ABwg ]4]1]

hryk Sbd dw muK-Bwv ‘rhwau’ dI quk ivc hoieAw krdw hY, bwkI dy ‘bMdW’ ivc aus dI ivAwiKAw huMdI hY [ ies Sbd dw mu`K-Bwv ieh hY—‘jo mnu`K nwm ismrdw hY aus dw mn pRBU ivc prc jWdw hY; pwrs-pRBU ƒ Coh ky auh mnu`K, mwno, sonw ho jWdw hY [’ bwkI dy Sbd ivc aus sonw bx gey mnu`K dy jIvn dI qsvIr ieauN id`qI hY—(1) auh mnu`K inhkwm vwSnw-rihq ho jWdw hY, (2) aus mnu`K dI duibDw imt jWdI hY qy auh inrBau ho jWdw hY, (3) aus dw ikrq-kwr dw moh imt jWdw hY, (4) mu`kdI g`l ieh hY ik auh mnu`K jIauNdw hI mukq ho jWdw hY [ {ies Sbd dy ArQ pVHo tIky ivc}

‘gur Bgq mwl’ vwly dI ieh ilKq BI hwso-hIxI hY ik icqOr dy rwjy dy swhmxy rivdws jI dy prK smy pUrw auqrn qy bRwhmxW ny Bgq jI ƒ pu`iCAw ik qusI jnyaU nhIN pWdy [ Drm-SwsqR qW SUdr ƒ jnyaU dI AwigAw hI nhIN dyNdw, bRwhmx ieh pRSn pu`C hI nhIN skdy sn [ ieh g`lW ilKx ivc qW isr& ieh jqn jwpdw hY ik rivdws ƒ ipCly jnm dw bRwhmx swbq kIqw jwey [ mOjUdw jIvn dy h`l l`Bx vyly Agly ipCly jnmW dw Awsrw lYNdy iPrnw koeI isAwxp dI g`l nhIN hY [ AsI mOjUdw izMdgI dw shI rsqw Bwl rhy hW, AsW Bgq rivdws jI dy ausy jIvn ƒ pVHnw ivcwrnw hY jo auhnW rivdws dy nwm hyT jIivAw [ aus nwm hyT rivdws jI jwqI dy cmwr hI sn, ihMdU Drm-SwsqR auhnW ƒ jnyaU Awidk iksy BI krm-kWf dI AwigAw nhIN dy skdw sI [ nwh hI rivdws jI ƒ iksy krm-kWf dI loV sI [ auh qW iek prmwqmw dI Et r`Kx vwly sn, prmwqmw dI bMdgI krn vwly sn, prmwqmw pwsoN aus dw nwm Aqy aus dI sMgiq dI b^SIS hI mMgdy sn [ Awp ilKdy hn:

Awsw rivdws jI ] sMq quJI qnu sMgiq pRwn ] siqgur igAwn jwnY sMq dyvw dyv ]1] sMq cI sMgiq sMq kQw rsu ] sMq pRyum mwJY dIjY dyvw dyv ]1]rhwau] sMq Awcrx sMq co mwrgu sMq c ElHg ElHgxI ]2] Aaur iek mwgau Bgiq icMqwmix ] jxI lKwvhu AsMq pwpI six ]3] rivdwsu BxY jo jwxY so jwxu ] sMq Anµqih AMqru nwhI [4[2[

ikrq-kwr dw iqAwg:

mYkwil& ilKdw hY ik rivdws ny Awpxy Twkur jI dI pUjw ivc msq ho ky ikrq-kwr C`f id`qI, qy h`Q bhuq qMg ho igAw [ swfy dys dy DrmIAW ny ieh BI iek AjIb Kyf rc r`KI hY [ Blw, BgqI krn vwly ƒ AwpxI rotI kmwxI ikauN AOKI ho jWdI hY? kI ikrq krnI koeI pwp hY? jy ieh pwp hY, qW prmwqmw ny bMidAW leI BI rozI dw auhI pRbMD ikauN nhIN kr id`qw jo pMCI AwidkW vwsqy hY? pr Asl g`l ieh hY ik Aswfy dys ivc sMinAwsI Awidk jmwqW dw ieqnw Asr bixAw hoieAw hY ik lok ieh smJx l`g pey hn ju Asl Bgq auhI hY jo swrw idn mwlw Pyrdw rhy, AwpxI rotI dw Bwr dUijAW dy moFy auqy pweI r`Ky [ Aijhy i^AwlW dy Asr hyT jo lok sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dy ikqy iksy Sbd ivc koeI rqw mwqR ieSwrw BI pVHdy hn qW qurq nqIjy k`F lYNdy hn ik bMdgI Aqy ikrq-kwr dw Awpo ivc myl nhIN hY [ soriT rwg vwlw gurU nwnk dyv jI dw Sbd (‘mnu hwlI ikrswxI krxI’) pVH ky keI ilKwrIAW ny khwxI joV leI ik siqgurU nwnk dyv jI nwm ivc ieqny msq rihMdy sn ik auhnW kMm-kwr krnw BI C`f id`qw [ bwbw &rId jI dw Slok (‘&rIdw rotI myrI kwT kI’) pVH ky lokW ieh i^Awl bxw ilAw ik &rId jI ny rotI KwxI C`f id`qI sI, qy, jdoN Bu`K bhuq sqWdI sI qW p`ly b`DI hoeI iek kwT dI rotI ƒ c`k mwr ky J`t lµGw lYNdy sn [ iesy qrHW, mlUm huMdw hY ik, Bgq rivdws jI dy hyT-ilKy Sbd ƒ nwh smJ ky ieh khwxI bx geI ik rivdws jI Twkur jI dI pUjw ivc msq ho ky ikrq-kwr C`f bYTy:

soriT rivdws jI ] cmrtw gWiT n jneI ] logu gTwvY pnhI ]1]rhwau] Ar nhI ijh qopau ] nhI rWbI Twau ropau ]1] logu gMiT gMiT Krw ibgUcw ] hau ibnu gWTy jwie phUcw ]2] rivdwsu jpY rwm nwmw ] moih jm isau nwhI kwmw ]3]7]

rivdws jI bnwrs dy vsnIk sn, qy, ieh Sihr ivdvwn bRwhmxW dw Bwrw kyNdr cilAw Aw irhw hY [ bRwhmxW dI AgvweI ivc ieQy mUrqI-pUjw dw zor hoxw BI kudrqI g`l hY [ ie`k pwsy, au~cI jwiq dy ivdvwn lok mMdrW ivc jw jw ky mUrqIAW pUjx; dUjy pwsy, iek bVI nIvIN jwiq dw kMgwl qy ZrIb rivdws ie`k prmwqmw dy ismrn dw hokw dyvy—ieh iek AjIb ijhI Kyf bnwrs ivc ho rhI sI [ bRwhmxW dw cmwr rivdws ƒ aus dI nIvIN jwiq dw cyqw krw krw ky aus ƒ m^ol krny BI suBwivk ijhI g`l sI [ AijhI dSw hr QW rozwnw jIvn ivc vyKI jw rhI hY [

ies au~pr-id`qy Sbd ivc rivdws jI lokW dy ies m^Ol dw au~qr dyNdy hn, qy kihMdy hn ik mYN qW Blw jwiq dw hI cmwr hW, pr lok au~cIAW kulW dy ho ky BI cmwr bxy pey hn [ ies srIr, mwno, iek ju`qI hY [ ZrIb mnu`K muV muV AwpxI ju`qI gMFWdw hY ik bhuqw icr kMm dy jwey [ iesy qrHW mwieAw dy moh ivc Psy hoey bMdy (cwhy auh au~cI kul dy BI hox) ies srIr ƒ gWFy lwx leI idn rwq iesy dI pwlxw ivc lgy rihMdy hn, qy, pRBU ƒ ivswr ky ^uAwr huMdy hn [ ijvyN cmwr ju`qI gMFdw hY, iqvyN mwieAw-gRisAw jIv srIr ƒ sdw cMgIAW ^urwkW, puSwkW Aqy dvweI Awidk dy ky gWFy-qopy lwauNdw rihMdw hY [ so, swrw jgq hI cmwr bixAw ipAw hY [ pr, rivdws jI AwKdy hn, mYN moh mukw ky srIr ƒ gWFy qopy lwxy C`f bYTw hW [ mYN lokW vWg idn rwq srIr dy Awhr ivc hI nhIN rihMdw; mYN pRBU dw nwm ismrnw Awpxw mu`K Drm bxwieAw hY [ qwhIeyN mYƒ mOq dw, srIr dy nws hox dw, fr nhIN irhw [

Bgq jI dI Avqwr-pUjw:

BgqW dI bwxI ivc iksy Avqwr Awidk dw nwm vriqAw vyK ky ieh nqIjw k`Fxw BwrI Bu`l hovygI ik Plwxw Bgq Plwxy Avqwr dw aupwSk sI [ jy iehI ksv`tI TIk smJI jwxI hY qW iehI nwm keI vwrI gurU swihbwn ny BI bwxI ivc vrqy hn [ Awsw dI vwr ivc siqgurU nwnk dyv jI dw Slok AsI hr roz pVHdy suxdy hW, ij`Qy siqgurU jI ny l&z ‘ik®sn’ vriqAw hY:

eyk ik®snµ srb dyvw dyv dyvw q Awqmw ] Awqmw bwsudyvis´ jy ko jwxY Byau ] nwnku qw kw swdu hY dwsu inrMjn dyau ]  {pauVI 11

Asl g`l ieh hY ik ieh l&z rwm, ik®Sn, mwDo, goibMd, hir, rwmeIAw, dmodr, murwir Awidk swry hI prmwqmw Akwl purK vwsqy vrqy gey hn [

Bgq rivdws jI dy ku`l 40 Sbd hn, hyT-iliKAw isr& ie`k Sbd hI AYsw hY ijQy Bgq jI l&z ‘rwjw rwmcMd’ vrqdy hn:

soriT ] jl kI BIiq pvn kw QMBw, rkq buMd kw gwrw ] hwf mws nwVˆØI ko ipMjru, pMKI bsY ibcwrw ]1] pRwnI ikAw myrw ikAw qyrw ] jYsy qrvr pMiK bsyrw ]1]rhwau] rwKhu kMD auswrhu nIvW ] swFy qIin hwQ qyrI sIvW ]2] bMky bwl pwg isir fyrI ] iehu qnu hoiego Bsm kI FyrI ]3] aUcy mMdr suMdr nwrI ] rwm nwm ibnu bwjI hwrI ]4] myrI jwiq kmInI, pWiq kmInI, ECw jnmu hmwrw ] qum srnwgiq rwjw rwm cMd, kih rivdws cmwrw ]5]6]

ies Sbd ivc swDwrn qOr qy jgq dI Aswrqw dw izkr hY ik iehnW nwsvMq pdwrQW ivc mmqw bxwx dw koeI lwB nhIN [ isr& A^IrlI quk ivc Ardws hY ik ies mmqw qoN bcx leI, hy pRBU! mYN qyrI srn AwieAw hW [ jy rivdws jI Avqwr sRI rwm cMdr dy aupwSk huMdy, qW auh Awpxy ies ieSt dw izkr auhnW SbdW ivc ^ws qOr qy krdy; ijnHW ivc auh inrol Ardws hI kr rhy hn, jW, ijnHW ivc Awpxy ieSt dy gux gwey hoey hn [ ikqy nw ikqy qW Awpxy ies ieSt dy iksy kwrnwmy dw izkr krdy [ pr, AYsw koeI ie`k Sbd BI nhIN imldw [ Bgq rivdws jI ny ieQy l&z ‘cMd’ ausy qrHW vriqAw hY ijvyN B`t nl´ ny gurU rwmdws swihb dI vifAweI ivc sveIey aucwrn vyly [ vyKo B`t nl´ dw sveIAw nµ: 4:

‘rwju jogu qKqu dIAnu gur rwmdws ] pRQmy nwnk cMdu jgq BXo Awnµdu qwrin mnuK´ jn kIAau pRgws’ ]

{ies dI ivAwiKAw vwsqy pVHo B`tW dy sveIAW dw tIkw [ l&z ‘cMd’ qoN Bwv hY ‘cMd vrgw sohxw’ cMd vWg TMf dyx vwlw, sohxw, SWqI dw puMj} [

iksy ie`k Avqwr dw aupwSk dUjy Avqwr dI pUjw nhIN kr skdw [ pr rivdws jI ny qW l&z hir, rwjw rwm, mwDo, murwir Awidk vrqx ivc iksy qrHW dw koeI ivqkrw nhIN kIqw [ mwDo, murwir sRI ik®Sn jI dy nwm hn [ pRmwx vjoN:

soriT 1 ] mwDvy ikAw khIAY BRmu AYsw ]

 . . . . . . jYsw mwnIAY hoie n qYsw ]1]rhwau]

soriT 2 ] mwDvy jwnq hhu jYsI qYsI ]

 . . . . . . Ab khw krhugy AYsI ]1]rhwau]

 . . . ..  …  …  …

Awpn bwpY nwhI iksI ko Bwvn ko hir rwjw ]

..  …  …  …

soriT 3 ]...ibnu hir Bgiq khhu ikh lyKY ]1]

 . . . . . . n bIcwirE rwjw rwm ko rsu ]

 . . . . . . ijh rs Anrs bIsir jwhI ]1]rhwau]

soriT 4 ] hir hir hir n jpih rsnw ]

 . . . . . Avr sB iqAwig bcn rcnw ]1]rhwau]

Awsw      hir hir hir hir hir hir hry ]

 . . . . . hir ismrq jn gey insqir qry ]1]rhwau]

DnwsrI 3 ] nwmu qyro AwrqI mjnu murwry ]

 . . . . . . hir ky nwm ibnu JUTy sgl pswry ]1]rhwau]

mlwr  nwgr jnW myrI jwiq ibiKAwq cMmwrM ]

 . . . . . . irdY rwm goibMd gun swrM ]1]rhwau]

mu`kdI g`l, Bgq rivdws jI aus pRBU dy aupwSk sn ijs dI bwbq auh Awp ilKdy hn:

suK swgru sur qr icMqw min, kwmDynu bis jw ky ] cwir pdwrQ Ast dsw isiD, nviniD kr ql qw ky ]1] hir hir hir nw jpih rsnw ] Avr sB iqAwig bcn rcnw ]1]rhwau] {soriT 4

Bgq rivdws jI dI bwxI auqy kIqy ieqrwzW bwry ivcwr

(1) jwiq-pwiq dy p`ky SrDwlU:

Bgq-bwxI dy ivroDI s`jx ilKdy hn:- “Bgq jI cmwr jwqI dy sn [ Bgq jI dI bwxI qoN BI ieh swbq huMdw hY [ Awp jI ny keI jwiq-AiBmwnI pMifqW ƒ nIcw idKwieAw, pr Awp zwq-pwq qoN A`f nwh ho sky [ QW QW Awpxy Awp ƒ cmwr sMigAw sy ilKdy hn [

“Awp jI dI rcnw dy 40 Sbd ‘sRI gurU gRMQ swihb’ dy Cwpy vwlI bIV AMdr dyKy jWdy hn ijnHW ivcoN keIAW dw AwSw gurmiq qoN kw&I dUr hY [ is`DWq dI puStI vwsqy kuJ-ku pRmwx vjoN hvwly id`qy jWdy hn [

“Bgq jI zwq-pwq dy p`ky SrDwlU sn [ QW QW Awpxy Awp ƒ cmwr sMigAw duAwrw ilKdy hn Aqy AwpxI zwq ƒ bhuq nIvIN (GtIAw) kr ky pukwrdy hn [ Awp &urmwauNdy hn:

(a) myrI jwiq kmInI, pWiq kmInI, ECw jnmu hmwrw ] qum srnwgiq rwjw rwm cMd, kih rivdws cmwrw ]  {soriT

(A) myrw krmu kuitlqw, jnmu kuBWqI ]  {gauVI

(e) pRym Bgiq ky kwrxY khu rivdws cmwr ]  {gauVI

(s) myrI jwiq kutbWflw For FovMqw ]  {mlwr

“aupRokq pRmwxW qoN swbq hoieAw ik Bgq jI jwq-pwq dy pUrn kwiel sn [ Awpxy ik`qy ƒ bhuq GtIAw i^Awl krdy sn [ pr gurmiq AMdr jwq-pwq dw bhuq KMfn kIqw igAw hY [ kuJ prmwx dy ky isDWq dI is`DI kIqI jWdI hY [

(a) AgY jwiq n pUCIAY, krxI sbdu hY swru ]

(A) Ksmu ivswrih qy kmjwiq ] nwnk nwvY bwJu snwiq ]  {Awsw mhlw 1

(e) ibnu nwvY sB nIc jwiq hY, ibstw kw kIVw hoie ]  {Awsw mhlw 3

sw& zwhr hoieAw ik Bgq jI dy Aqy gurU jI dy is`DWq ivc BwrI ivroD hY [

ivroDI s`jx jI ny iehI dUSx Bgq kbIr jI Aqy Bgq nwmdyv jI au~qy lwieAw hY ik kbIr jI Awpxy Awp ƒ QW QW julwhw Awid kr ky ilKdy hn; Aqy nwmdyv jI AwpxI zwq ƒ nIvIN zwqI smJdy sn [

vwh! pMjwbI AKwx hY ‘ijs qn l`gy, soeI jwxy’ [ ijhVy bMdy sdIAW qoN jwiq-ivqkry dy zulm hyT du`K shwrdy cly Aw rhy hn, auhnW ƒ pu`C ky vyKo julwhw CINbw cmwr Awidk AKvwx ivc jW Awpxy Awp ƒ AwKx ivc auhnW ƒ ikqnw ku hulwrw AwauNdw hY [ au~cI jwiq dw izkr qW &^r nwl ho skdw hY, nIc jwiq dy izkr ivc kwhdw mwx? ieh izkr qW au~cI jwiq ƒ vMgwrx vwsqy sI [ ivroDI s`jx jI ny mlwr rwg ivcoN ijhVw pRmwx (s) id`qw hY, jy auh swrw hI ilK dyNdy jW Awp pVH lYNdy qW g`l Awpy hI sw& ho jWdI [

AgWh c`l ky ivroDI s`jx jI jwq-pwq bwry ieauN ilKdy hn:

“AMimRqDwrI ^wlsw jo jwq-pwq QIN iblkul rihq hY, auh qW ^wlsw dIvwnW ivc kIrqn duAwry pRcwr kr ky nSr hovy ik:

‘hInVI jwiq myrI jwdmrwieAw’

‘kih rivdws cmwrw’

‘myrI jwiq kmInI pwiq kmInI’

‘mYN kwisk julhw’

kI AMimRqDwrI julwhy cmwr hn?

ivroDI s`jx jI dy AMdr jwq-pwq dy ivru`D jo jzbw hY aus dI vifAweI kIqy ibnw nhIN irhw jw skdw [ pr ieh jzbw iek-pwsV hI hY [ nIvIN zwq qoN hI n&rq hY qy iesy n&rq dy ivru`D kbIr jI, nwmdyv jI qy rivdws jI pukwr pukwr ky jwiq-AiBmwnIAW ƒ vMgwrdy gey hn [

s`jx jI! ^wlsy ny julwh cmwr nhIN bxnw, pr dys ivcoN ieh jwqI-ivqkrw dUr krnw hY [ BgqW dI rwhIN ^wlsy A`gy ieh k®oVW bMidAW dI ApIl hY, ies ƒ muV muV pVHo, auhnW dy du`K dy BweIvwl bxo, qy, BweIcwrk jIvn ivc auhnW ƒ au~cw kro [ is`DW vWg ^wlsw Awp prbqW auqy nwh jw cVHy, auhnW du`KIAW dI BI swr r`Ky [

(2) Avqwr-BgqI:

ivroDI s`jx jI ilKdy hn—“Bgq jI iek Akwl purK ƒ C`f ky rwjw rwm cMd Awid dyh-DwrI bMidAW dy pujwrI sn qy auhnW ƒ r`b-rUp smJ ky pUjdy sn [ imswl dy qOr qy kuJ hvwly id`qy jWdy hn:

(a) rwjw rwm kI syv n kInI kih rivdws cmwrw ]  {Awsw

(A) ibnu rGunwQ (rwjw rwmcMdr) srn kw kI lIjY ]  {jYqsrI

(e) qum srnwgiq rwjw rwm cMd, kih rivdws cmwrw ]  {soriT

“auqy Aw cuky SbdW qoN swbq hY ik Bgq jI Akwl purK dy Asl rUp ƒ C`f ky rwjw rwm cMd dy pujwrI sn [ pr gurmiq dy AMdr Avqwr-pUjw dw s^q KMfn hY [

“swbq hoieAw ik ij`Qy Bgq jI rwjw rwm cMdr jI dy pujwrI hn, EQy gurU swihbwn Avqwr-pRsqI dy s^q ivroDI hn [ Bwv, Bgq jI dw mq gurmiq dI ksv`tI qy pUrw nhIN auqrdw [”

ies mzmUn au~qy ipCly “Bgq rivdws jI dw ieSt” ivc BI KulHI ivcwr kIqI jw cukI hY [

rivdws jI ny Awpxy 40 SbdW ivc AvqwrI nwm hyT-ilKy Anuswr vrqy hn:

(1) rwm, rwjw rwm — — — — —21 vwrI
 . . rwjw rwm cMd — — — — —   1 vwrI
 . . rGunwQ — — — — — — —  1 vwrI

(2) hir —  — — — — — —   24 vwrI

(not:- l&z ‘hir’ sMsik®q koSW ivc ivSƒ, ieMdr, iSv, bRhmw Aqy jmrwj vwsqy vriqAw hoieAw hY) [

(3) mwDv — — —  — —     8 vwrI
 . . murwir —  — — — —     2 vwrI
 . . mukMd —  — — — — — 14 vwrI
 . . goibMd —  — — — — — 4 vwrI

 . . joV —  — — — — —  28

not:- ieh cwry ik®Sn jI dy nwm hn [

(4) dyv — — — — — — —       3 vwrI
 . . Anµq —   — — — — — —   1 vwrI
 . . krqw — — — — — — — — 1 vwrI
 . . inrMjn — —  — — — — —  1 vwrI . . joV 10
 . . siqnwmu —  — — — — —  —1 vwrI
 . . pRB — — —  — — — — —  2 vwrI
 . . nwrwien — — — — — — —  1 vwrI

pr ieh swry hI nwm siqgurU jI dI AwpxI bwxI ivc sYNkVy vwrI vrqy imldy hn [ l&z ‘rwjw rwm’ qW bVy AnoKy FMg ivc iliKAw imldw hY [ vyKo:

sUhI CMq mhlw 4 ] swDn Awsw iciq kry rwm rwijAw, hir pRB syjVIAY AweI ] myrw Twkuru Agm dieAwlu hY rwm rwijAw, kir ikrpw lyhu imlweI ] myrY min qin locw gurmuKy rwm rwijAw, hir srDw syj ivCweI ] jn nwnk hir pRB BwxIAw rwm rwijAw, imilAw shij suBweI ]3] {pMnw 776}

Aglw bMd BI pVHo [

swry hI AvqwrI nwm prmwqmw dy ArQ ivc vrqy hoey hn [

ivroDI s`jx jI qW ilKdy hn:- ‘Bgq jI dw mq gurmiq dI ksv`tI qy pUrw nhIN auqrdw’ [

pr vyKo, siqgurU jI dI AwpxI rwie kIh hY:

sUhI mhlw 4 Gru 6] nIc jwiq hir jpiqAw, auqm pdvI pwie ] pUChu ibdr dwsI suqY, iksnu auqirAw Gir ijsu jwie ]1] hir kI AkQ kQw sunhu jn BweI, ijqu shsw dUK BUK sB lih jwie ]1]rhwau] rivdwsu cmwru ausqiq kry hir kIriq inmK iek gwie ] piqq jwiq auqmu BieAw, cwir vrn pey pig Awie ]2] {pMnw 733}

gurU rwmdws swihb dIAW nzrW ivc qW Bgq rivdws prmwqmw dw Bgq sI [

pr ieQy qW siqgurU jI ny BI l&z ‘cmwr’ vriqAw hY [ kI ivroDI s`jx jI siqgurU jI ƒ BI ‘jwiq pwiq dy SrDwlU’ smJ lYxgy? hor vyKo:

isrI rwgu m: 3 AstpdIAw ] nwmw CIbw, kbIru joulwhw, pUry gur qy giq pweI [ bRhm ky byqy sbdu pCwxih, haumY jwiq gvweI ] suir nr iqn kI bwxI gwvih, koie n mytY BweI ]3]5]22] {pMnw 67}

pr, ivroDI s`jx jI qW iehnW BgqW dI bwxI ƒ gurmiq dy ivru`D kih rhy hn [

(3) (a) “hor is`DWqk mq-Byd” dy isr-lyK hyT ivroDI s`jx jI Bgq rivdws jI dw Awsw rwg dw pMjvW Sbd (“hir hir hir hir hir hir hry...”) dy ky ilKdy hn—“p`Qr-pUjw dI puStI krnw gurmiq ivru`D hY [”

ieh qW iblkul TIk hY [ pr s`jx jI! ies Sbd ivc quhwƒ ‘p`Qr-pUjw dI puStI’ ik`QoN id`s rhI hY? ‘rhwau’ dIAW qukW ƒ rqw ghu nwl pVHo!

pwTk s`jx ies Sbd dy ArQ tIky ivc pVHn [

(A) rwKhu kMD auswrhu nIvW ] swFy qIin hwQ qyrI sIvW ]  {soriT rivdws jI

ieh qukW dy ky ivroDI s`jx jI ilKdy hn—“ies qoN kbr dw is`DWq swbq huMdw hY [ pr gurmiq AMdr kbrW dw KMfn hY [ gurmiq ivKy dbwayux jW swVn dy vihm hI nhIN hn [”

s`jx jI! jy gurmiq ivc swVn d`bx vwlw vihm hI nhIN hY, qW ‘kbrW dw KMfn’ ikvyN ho igAw? qy, auprlIAW qukW ivcoN ‘kbr dw isDWq’ ikvyN swbq kr ilAw jy? Aglw bMd BI rqw pVH vyKxw sI:

bMky bwl pwg isir fyrI ] iehu qnu hoiego Bsm kI FyrI ]3]

rivdws jI qW swDwrn ijhI g`l kih rhy hn ik v`fIAW v`fIAW mhl-mwVIAW vwly BI hr roz Awpxy srIr vwsqy (sOx vyly) v`D qoN v`D swFy iqMn h`Q QW hI vrqdy hn [

ivroDI s`jx jI Put-not ivc ilKdy hn—‘cmwr muslmwnW dI qrHW qrHW Awpxy murdy DrqI ivc dbwauNdy hn’ [ ieh auhnW ƒ Zlq ^br imlI hY [ inXmk qOr qy qW auh murdy swVdy hI hn [ pr ijhVy ZrIb rotIEN BI Awqur ho jwx, auh ssqw rwh hI PVngy [ qy, ies ivc koeI BYV BI nhIN [

not —pwTk s`jx ies swry Sbd dw ArQ tIky ivc pVHn [ ArQ ivc mq-Byd ho skdw hY [ jy bMd nµ: 2 ivc kbr vl hI ieSwrw hY, qW bMd nµ: 3 ivc mswxW vl hY, so, ihMdU muslmwn dohW ƒ hI aupdyS smJ lvo [

(e) purslwq kw pMQu duhylw [ {sUhI rivdws jI

ieh quk dy ky ivroDI s`jx jI ilKdy hn—‘ieh ieslwmI i^Awl hY [ muslmwn mMndy hn ik purslwq iek sVk hY, ijs ƒ AbUr krnw pYNdw hY [ pr gurmiq Anuswr Awvwgvn dw mslw prvwn hY [ ieQy BI Bgq jI dw mq Aqy siqgurU swihbwn dw isDWq t`kr KWdw hY [ ies qrHW rivdws-mq gurmiq-ksOtI lwaux pr pUrn nhIN auqrdw [’

inry iek l&z ƒ lY ky nqIjw k`F lYxw Zlq rsqw hY [ ies swry Sbd ivc auGVvW muslmwnI l&z isr& ‘purslwq’ hI hY [ l&z ‘jbwbu’ Aqy ‘drdvMdu’ swDwrn ijhy hI hn [ Sbd dy bwkI swry l&z hyNdky hn [ hyNdky l&zW dI rwhIN iksy ieslwmI i^Awl dw prcwr iek hwso-hIxI imQ hY [ ghu nwl pVH ky vyKo [ ies Sbd ivc ‘suhwgix’ Aqy ‘duhwgix’ dy jIvn dw twkrw kIqw hoieAw hY [ ‘duhwgix’ dy jIvn-s&r dw izkr kridAW Bgq jI kihMdy hn ik pRBU qoN ivCuVI jIv-iesqRI dw jIvn pMD ieauN hI ‘duhylw’ qy AOKw hY ijvyN muslmwn ‘purslwq’ dy rsqy ƒ AOKw mMndy hn [ b`s! inry l&zW vl nwh jwE, BwrI ZlqI l`gx dw fr hY [ vyKo:

mwrU mhlw 5 Gru 8 AMjulIAw ] pwp krydV srpr muTy ] AjrweIil PVy PiV kuTy ] dojik pwey isrjxhwrY, lyKw mMgY bwxIAw ]2]2]8] {pMnw 1019-20}

Bgq DMnw jI Aqy Twkur-pUjw

mYkwil& Anuswr:

mYkwil& ny Bgq DMnw jI dy jIvn bwry ieauN iliKAw hY—rwjpUqwny ivc idaulI CwvxI qoN 20 mIl dI iv`Q qy tWk dy ielwky ivc iek ipMf hY ijs dw nwm DuAwn hY [ ieQy iek j`t Grwxy ivc DMnw jI sMn 1415 ivc pYdw hoey [ CotI aumr qoN hI DMnw Dwrimk lgn vwlw sI [ iek idn DMny dy Gr dw pRoihq pUjw krn leI iehnW dy Gr AwieAw [ pUjw dI swrI rsm DMny ny BI vyKI, qy Aw^r pMifq pwsoN aus ny iek Twkur mMigAw [ pihlW qW pMifq twldw irhw, pr DMny dw hT vyK ky aus ny AMq iek Cotw ijhw kwly rMg dw p`Qr aus ƒ pUjx leI dy id`qw [ DMny ny bVI srDw nwl aus Twkur dI pUjw SurU kIqI, aus dI idRVqw sux ky pMifq kdy kdy Aw ky pUjw BgqI dw rwh d`sdw irhw, qy Aw^r ies Twkur-pUjw ivcoN DMny ƒ r`b l`B ipAw [ DMny dI rwhIN, iPr aus pMifq dw BI lok prlok sMvr igAw [

kuJ icr ipCoN DMny ƒ AMdroN AwkwS-bwxI hoeI ijs dy Anuswr aus ny bnwrs jw ky rwmwnµd jI ƒ gurU DwirAw [

ikqnI aumr qy A`pV ky Bgq jI dw dyhWq hoieAw—ies sMbMDI koeI izkr nhIN imldw [ isr& iek do krwmwqW dw hI hwl id`qw igAw hY [

Bgq jI dy iqMn Sbd

Bgq DMnw jI dy iqMn Sbd sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc imldy hn:

rwg Awsw ivc—do Sbd, nµ: 1 Aqy 3 [

DnwsrI ivc—iek Sbd [

pRclq ho cukI khwxI Anuswr

Bgq DMnw jI dI Twkur-pUjw bwry aus vkq qk pRclq ho cukI khwxI Anuswr BweI gurdws jI ny dsvIN vwr ivc ieauN iliKAw hY:

bwmHxu pUjy dyvqy, DMnw gaU crwvix AwvY ] DMnY ifTw cilqu eyhu, pUCY, bwmHxu AwiK suxwvY ] Twkur dI syvw krY jo ieCY soeI Plu pwvY ] DMnw krdw jodVI, mYN iB dyh ieku, jy quDu BwvY ] pQru ieku lpyit kir, dy DMnY no gYl CufwvY ] Twkur no nHwvwil kY, Cwh rotI lY Bogu cVHwvY ] h`Q joiV imMniq krY pYrIN pY pY bhuqu mnwvY ] hauN BI muhu n juTwlsW, qUM ruTw mYN ikhu nw suKwvY ] gosweIN prq`iK hoie, rotI Kwie Cwh muih lwvY ] Bolw Bwau goibMdu imlwvY ]

ies qoN Zlq nqIjw:

ies qoN ieh nqIjw k`iFAw jw irhw hY ik DMny ‘Bolw Bwau’ vrq ky pUjw kIqI, qy ies Twkur pUjw dI brkiq nwl Bgq jI ƒ swiKAwq gosweIN goibMd iml ipAw [

kudriq dw jo inXm A`j qoN pMj sO swl pihlW TIk sI, auh A`j BI TIk hI hY, qy jd qk dunIAw kwiem hY ieh inXm sdw TIk rhygw [ ijnHW lokW ƒ Twkur-pUjw ivcoN nhIN imilAw, auhnW dw Awpxw hI ksUr hovygw auhnW Swied ‘Bolw Bwau’ pUrn mrXwdw nwl nhIN vriqAw hovygw [ ^bry qwhIeyN iek au~Gy ivdvwn is`K ny ieauN iliKAw hY:

‘mUrqIAW dvwrw iDAwn pkw ky iPr inrwkwr ivc jwxw ieh Zlq qrIky nhIN [’

bwxI ivc inKyDI:

pr gurU gRMQ swihb dI bwxI ivc siqgurU jI vloN ikqy BI AjyhI ihdwieq nhIN imldI, ijQoN ieh AMdwzw lwieAw jw sky ik mUrqI-pUjw ƒ siqgurU jI TIk rsqw mMndy hn, jW, G`t qoN Gt ‘Zlq qrIkw’ nhIN AwKdy hn [ pwhn-pUj ƒ qW auh sgoN ‘lUx hrwmI’ qy ‘gunhgwr’ AwKdy hn:

gunhgwr lUx hrwmI ] pwhn nwv nw pwr igrwmI ]  {sUhI m: 5

suBwivk au~Tdy SMky:

pr, ie`Qy kudrqI qOr qy pRSn au~Tdy hn:- (1) DMnw jI ny Awp AwpxI bwxI ivc ikqy izkr kIqw hY jW nhIN ik auhnW ƒ prmwqmw dI pRwpqI ik`QoN qy ikvyN hoeI sI; (2) DMnw jI gurU Arjn swihb qoN pihlW ho cuky sn [ kI gurU Arjn swihb dy vyly lokW ivc ieh i^Awl pRclq sI ik DMny ƒ Twkur-pUjw qoN r`b dI pRwpqI hoeI sI? (3) kI gurU Arjn swihb BI Awm lokW nwl ies i^Awl ivc sihmq sn? (4) jy siqgurU jI BI DMny Bgq sMbMDI Twkur-pUjw dI ies khwxI ƒ TIk mMndy sn, qW Twkur-pUj lokW ƒ auhnW ny ‘gunhgwr’ qy ‘lUx hrwmI’ ikauN AwiKAw hY?

iehnW pRSnW ƒ ie`k ie`k kr ky ivcwrIey [

(1) Bgq DMnw jI rwg Awsw dy Sbd nµ: 1 ivc ilKdy hn:

igAwn pRvysu gurih Dnu dIAw, iDAwnu mwnu mn eyk mey ] pRym Bgiq mwnI suKu jwinAw, iqRpiq AGwny mukiq Bey ]3] joiq smwnI jw kY, AClI pRBu pihcwinAw ] DMnY Dnu pwieAw DrxIDru, imil jn sMq smwinAw ]4]1]

Bwv:- ijs mnu`K ƒ gurU ny ‘igAwn dw pRvyS’-rUp Dn id`qw, aus dI suriq pRBU ivc juV geI, aus dy AMdr srDw bx geI, aus dw mn pRBU nwl ie`k-im`k ho igAw, aus ƒ pRBU dw ipAwr pRBU dI BgqI cMgI l`gI, aus dI ‘suK’ nwl sWJ bx geI, auh mwieAw vloN cMgI qrHW r`j igAw qy bMDnW qoN mukq ho igAw [3[

ijs mnu`K dy AMdr pRBU dI srb-ivAwpk joiq itk geI, aus ny mwieAw ivc nw Cly jwx vwly pRBU ƒ pCwx ilAw [

mYN DMny ny BI DrqI dy Awsry pRBU dw nwm-Dn l`B ilAw hY [ mYN DMnw BI sMq jnW ƒ iml ky pRBU ivc lIn ho igAw hW [4[

ieQy DMnw jI pihlW qW iek srb-ivAwpk inXm d`sdy hn ik prmwqmw dI pRwpqI gurU dI rwhIN hI huMdI hY [ iPr, AwpxI h`f-bIqI suxWdy hn ik sMq jnW ƒ iml ky pRBU ivc lIn hoieAw hW [

suAwrQIAW dI GVI khwxI:

(2) Awsw rwg ivc jo iqMn Sbd Bgq DMnw jI dy nwm hyT id`qy hoey hn, jy iehnW ƒ Aqy iehnW dy isr-lyK ƒ ghu nwl pVHIey, qW ieh g`l sw& id`s rhI hY ik gurU Arjn swihb dy vyly hI suAwrQI lokW vloN ieh mShUr kIqw jw cukw sI ik DMny ny iek bRwhmx qoN dIiKAw lY ky Twkur-pUjw kIqI qy Twkur-pUjw qoN aus ƒ prmwqmw dI pRwpqI hoeI sI [ pr gurU Arjn dyv jI ies khwxI ƒ JUT smJdy sn, auhnW ny DMnw jI dy Awpxy l&zW ƒ TIk mMinAw, qy Bgq jI dI qweId kr ky GVI hoeI khwxI dw pwj KohilAw [

ivckwrlw Sbd m: 5 dw:

Sbd nµ: 1 dy nwl dUjw Sbd gurU Arjn swihb dw hY, ikauNik aus dw isrlyK hY ‘mhlw 5’ [ ieh Sbd DMnw jI dy Sbd dI Aw^rI A`DI quk ‘imil jn sMq smwinAw’ dI ivAwiKAw ivc hY [

isrlyK m: 5 auqy by-ieqbwrI:

pr, ies isr-lyK ‘mhlw 5’ bwry Aswfy ivdvwn iek Ajb AsrDw-BrI ivcwr pyS kr rhy hn [ mYkwil& ny Awpxy slwhkwrW dI rwie nwl iliKAw hY—Sbd ‘goibMd goibMd goibMd sMig’ dw isr-lyK qW ‘mhlw 5’ hY; Awm qOr qy ij`Qy l&z ‘mhlw 5’ gurU gRMQ swihb ivc drj hn auhnW dw Bwv iehI huMdw hY ik ies isr-lyK dy hyT ilKy hoey Sbd gurU Arjn swihb dy hn; pr ieQy ieh Sbd DMny Bgq dw hI hY, ies ivc koeI S`k nhIN [

pqw nhIN, mYkwil& dy is`K swlwh-kwrW ny ieQy ilKy isr-lyK ‘mhlw 5’ au~qy ieqbwr krnoN ikauN nwh kr id`qI hY [ ies S`k dw ie`ko hI kwrn ho skdw hY; auh ieh hY ik ies Sbd dy A^Ir ivc l&z ‘nwnk’ dy QW l&z ‘DMnw’ iliKAw hoieAw hY [

is`K kOm dy iek hor au~Gy ivdvwn ny ies isr-lyK ‘mhlw 5’ bwry Awpxy i^Awl ieauN d`sy hn—ieh Sbd hY qW DMny Bgq dw, pr iksy ADUrI ijhI hwlq ivc gurU Arjn swihb ƒ imilAw, keI qukW Sbd ivcoN guMm sn [ siqgurU jI ny guMm qukW Awp ilK id`qIAW, qy ies dw isr-lyK ‘mhlw 5’ ilK id`qw [

Ajb srDw:

ies qoN sw& prgt hY ik Aswfy ieh ivdvwn s`jx ies Sbd au~qy ilKy isr-lyK ‘mhlw 5’ au~qy ieqbwr krn ƒ iqAwr nhIN hn, ies Sbd ƒ Bgq DMnw jI dw hI aucwirAw mMndy hn [ ikAw Ajb qmwSw hY! gurU AwKdw hY ik ies Sbd dw aucwrn vwlw ‘mhlw 5’ hY, is`K AwKdy hn, AsIN nhIN mMndy [

‘SbdwrQ’ dy ilKwrI:

‘SbdwrQ’ dy ilKwrIAW dI nzroN ieh isr-lyK KuMJ igAw jwpdw hY ikauNik auhnW ies isr-lyK sMbMDI koeI rwie nhIN ilKI [ hW, swrMg dI Bgq bwxI ivc BI iehI isrlyK ieauN AwieAw hY:

swrMg m: 5 sUrdws ] hir ky sMig bsy hir lok ]
qnu mnu Arip srbsu sBu AripE, And shj Duin Jok ]1]rhwau]...... 
sUrdws mnu pRiB hiQ lIno, dIno iehu prlok ]2]

ies sUrdws sMMbMDI ‘SbdwrQ’ vwly ilKdy hn—ieh auh mShUr nyqR-hIn sUrdws nhIN jo vYSnvW dw mhwqmw Bgq mdn mohn nwm dw bRwhmx hoieAw hY jo sMmq 1586 ivc pYdw hoieAw [ ieh sMsik®q, ihMdI, &wrsI dw pUrn ivdvwn Aqy Akbr dy vyly AvD dy ielwky sMdIlw dw hwkm sI [ pr ipCoN vYrwgvwn ho ky iqAwgI ho igAw [ ies dI smwDI kWSI ivc hY [

ies not qoN iek g`l pRq`K hY ik ‘SbdwrQ’ dy ilKwrIAW ny ies Sbd dy isr-lyK ‘mhlw 5’ au~qy ieqbwr nhIN kIqw, ikauNik auh ies Sbd dw krqw sUrdws auhnW dy i^Awl Anuswr koeI hor hY jo nyqR-hIx nhIN sI [

iek hor s`jx:

iek hor s`jx ieh ivcwr pyS kr rhy hn ik ieh l&z ‘mhlw 5’ iksy ny Awpxy vloN ilK id`qy hn [

isrlyK mhlw 5 bwry rwvW:

so, ijQoN qk Bgq DMnw jI Aqy sUrdws jI dy SbdW dw sMbMD hY, l&z ‘mhlw 5’ bwry hyT-ilKIAW rwvW Aswfy swhmxy hn:

(1) ieh l&z ‘mhlw 5’ iksy ny ipCoN ilK id`qy hn [

(2) ies isr-lyK dy huMidAW BI ieh nhIN mMinAw jw skdw ik ieh Sbd gurU Arjn swihb dy hn [

(3) DMny Bgq dw Sbd gurU Arjn swihb ƒ ADUrI Skl ivc imilAw, auhnW Awpxy pwsoN rlw ky qukW pUrIAW kr id`qIAW, ies vwsqy l&z ‘mhlw 5’ ilK id`qw [

ieh S`k ikauN?

hux AsW vyKxw hY ik ies isr-lyK ‘mhlw 5’ dw kIh Bwv ho skdw hY [ swDwrn qOr qy qW ieh isr-lyK gurU gRMQ swihb ivc sYNkVy hzwrW vwrI AwieAw hY [ kdy iksy ƒ S`k nhIN ipAw [ iehnW aupr-ilKy do SbdW dy isr-lyK ‘mhlw 5’ bwry S`k pYx dy do kwrn hn—(1) ieh isr-lyK BgqW dI bwxI ivc AwieAw hY, (2) ijs Sbd dy nwl ieh vriqAw igAw hY, aus ivc l&z ‘nwnk’ dy QW Bgq (DMnw, jW, sUrdws) dw nwm drj hY [

Aijhw isrlyK mhlw 5 hor QwvW qy BI hY:

pr jy qusI ghu nwl vyKogy, qW AijhI aulJx (jy ies swdw ijhI g`l ƒ BI aulJx smiJAw jw skdw hY) hor BI keI vwrI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc ilKI imldI hY [ ijvyN:

(1) rwmklI kI vwr m: 5, pauVI nµ: 19 ]

mhlw 5 ] kbIrw hmrw ko nhI, hm ikshU ky nwih ] ijin iehu rcnu rcwieAw, iqs hI mwih smwih ]2]

(2) rwmklI kI vwr m: 5, pauVI nµ: 20 ]

slok mhlw 5 ] kbIr DrqI swD kI, qskr bYsih gwih ] DrqI Bwir n ibAwpeI, aun kau lwhU lwih ]1[

mhlw 5 ] kbIr cwvl kwrxy, quK kau muhlI lwie ] sMig kusMgI bYsqy, qb pUCy Drm rwie ]2]

not—kbIr dy SlokW ivc BI vyKo, Slok nµ: 210, 211 Aqy 214 [

(3) rwmklI kI vwr m: 5, pauVI nµ: 21 ]

slok mhlw 5 ] PrIdw BUim rMgwvlI, mMiJ ivsUlw bwgu ] jo nr pIir invwijAw, iqn@w AMc n lwg ]1]

mhlw 5 ] PrIdw aumr suhwvVI, sMig suvMnVI dyh ] ivrly kyeI pweIAin@ ijn@w ipAwry nyh ]2]

not—&rId jI dy SlokW ivc BI vyKo, slok nµ: 82 Aqy 83 [

(4) BYrau kbIr jI—Sbd nµ: 11 qoN AgWh [

mhlw 5 ] jo pwQr kau khqy dyv ] qw kI ibrQw hovY syv ] jo pwQr kI pWeI pwie ] iqs kI Gwl AjWeI jwie ]1] Twkuru hmrw sd bolµqw ] srb jIAw kau pRBu dwnu dyqw ]1]rhwau]...

khq kbIr hau khau pukwir ] smiJ dyKu swkq gwvwr ] dUjY Bwie bhuqu Gr gwly ] rwm Bgq hY sdw suKwly ]4]4]12]

(5) slok kbIr jI:

mhlw 5 ] kbIr kUkru Bauknw, krMg ipCY auiT Dwie ] krmI siqguru pwieAw, ijin hau lIAw Cfwie ]209]

m: 5 ] kbIr rwmu n cyiqE, iPirAw lwlc mwih ] pwp krMqw mir gieAw, AauD puMnI iKn mwih ]221]

(6) slok &rId jI:

mhlw 5 ] PrIdw Kwlku Klk mih, Klk vsY rb mwih ] mMdw iks no AwKIAY, jW iqsu ibnu koeI nwih ]75]

m: 5 ] PrIdw grbu ijn@w vifAweIAw, Din jobin Awgwh ] KwlI cly DxI isau, itby ijau mIhwhu ]105]

m: 5 ] PrIdw kMqu rMgwvlw, vfw vy muhqwju ] Alh syqI riqAw, eyhu scwvW swju ]108]

m: 5 ] PrIdw duKu suKu ieku kir, idl qy lwih ivkwru ] Alh BwvY so Blw, qW lBI drbwru ]109]

m: 5 ] PrIdw dunI vjweI vjdI, qUM BI vjih nwil ] soeI jIau n vjdw, ijsu Alhu krdw swr ]110]

m: 5 ] PrIdw idlu rqw iesu dunI isau, dunI nw ikqY kMim ] imsl PkIrW gwKVI, su pweIAY pUr krMim ]111]

isrlyK mhlw 3 BI:

ieh Ajb aulJx inrI ‘mhlw 5’ bwry hI nhIN hY; iek QW isr-lyK vjoN l&z ‘mhlw 3’ BI imldw hY [

(7) slok PrId jI:

m: 3 ] PrIdw kwlI, DaulI, swihbu sdw hY, jy ko iciq kryie ] Awpxw lwieAw iprmu n lgeI, jy locY sBu koie ] eyhu iprmu ipAwlw Ksm kw, jY BwvY qY dyie ]13]

vKo-vK igixAW ieh swry 15 pRmwx AYsy hn ij`Qy isr-lyK ‘mhlw 5’ Aqy ‘m: 3’ hn, pr mUl-bwxI ivc nwm Bgq dw hI hY [

aupr-id`qIAW rwvW Anuswr:

(1) kI ie`Qy hr QW isr-lyK ‘mhlw 5’ iksy ny ipCoN ilK id`qw hY?

(2) kI gurU Arjn swihb qy gurU Amrdws jI ƒ ieh Sbd qy Slok ADUry imly sn, qy siqgurU jI ny Awpxy v`loN qukW jW l&z rlw ky mukMml kIqy?

(3) kI iehnW 15 hI QwvW qy ies isr-lyK auqy AsW ieqbwr nhIN krnw?

iehnW vwsqy iek hor aulJx:

iehnW ivdvwn s`jxW ƒ Ajy iek hor vDIk qkVI aulJx dw swhmxw krnw peygw [ vyKo, rwg BYrau, mhlw 5, Gru 1 [ ie`Qy Sbd nµ: 3 dw isr-lyK qy swrw Sbd iDAwn nwl pVHn dI loV hY:

BYrau mhlw 5 ] vrq n rhau n mh rmdwnw ] iqsu syvI rKY indwnw ]1]... 
khu kbIr iehu kIAw vKwnw ] gur pIr imil Kuid Ksmu pCwnw ]5]3]

ie`Qy swry Sbd gurU Arjn swihb dy hn, BgqW dI bwxI dUr AgWh c`l ky AwvygI [ ies dw isr-lyK BI sw& drj hY ‘BYrau mhlw 5’ [

(1) kI ieh isr-lyK iksy ny ipCoN ilK id`qw? pr Bgq-bwxI ivcoN inkl ky ieh Sbd  ‘mhlw 5’ dy SbdW ivc ikvyN Aw A`piVAw? kI ieh qbdIlI BI iksy ny ip`CoN hI kr id`qI? Blw jy iksy ny siqgurU jI qoN ip`CoN hI kbIr dw ieh Sbd ‘mhlw 5’ dy SbdW ivc ilAw iliKAw qW pihlI igxqI nwloN iek Sbd vD igAw [ BYrau ivc ‘mhlw 5’ dy SbdW dw hux dw joV 57 hY [ kI pihlW ieh Sbd 56 sn? ijs s`jx ny ieh qbdIlI kIqI hovygI, aus ƒ kw&I AOiKAweI krnI peI hovygI, ikauNik aus ƒ ie`k QW nhIN, 56 QW qy hI igxqI bdlwxI peI hovygI [ isr-lyK ‘mhlw 5’ ip`CoN ilKy jwx dI rwie dyx vwly Aqy gurU gRMQ swihb qoN srDw Gtwx dw au~dm krn vwly s`jx jI ny kI koeI AYsI ‘bIV’ BI vyKI hY ij`Qy SurU qoN A^Ir qk SbdW dI igxqI id`qI hovy qy hovy BI 56? qy ieh auprlw Sbd kbIr jI dI bwxI ivc drj hovy? Blw, au~Qy auh iks nµbr qy drj hY?

(2) kI ieh Sbd BI gurU Arjn swihb ƒ ADUrw hI imilAw sI, ijvyN DMny Bgq dw? pr auhnW ies ƒ mukMml kr ky Bgq bwxI dy QW Awpxy SbdW ivc ikauN drj kr id`qw?

(3) kI mYkwil& qy mYkwil& dy slwhkwr is`K ivdvwnW vWg AsW ie`Qy BI AVy rihxw hY ik isr-lyK BwvyN prq`K ‘mhlw 5’ hY, pr AsW nhIN mMnxw? pr iPr, kbIr jI dw ieh Sbd ie`Qy ikvyN Aw igAw?

g`l swdw ijhI hI hY:

ieh swrIAW aulJxW auhnW ivdvwnW vwsqy hn, ijnHW ny Awpxy siqgurU dy is`Dy swdw l&zW au~qy ieqbwr krnoN nWh kr id`qI hY [ jdoN gurU Arjn swihb ny ieh isr-lyK ie`k QW nhIN 16 QW ilK id`qw qW Aswƒ hu`jiq krn dI loV hI ikauN peI? so, ies ivc koeI S`k hI nhIN ik ieh bwxI gurU Arjn swihb dI aucwrI hoeI hY [ Bgq DMnw jI dy Awsw rwg dy Sbd nµ: 1 qoN Aglw Sbd gurU Arjn swihb dw hY, ikauNik ies dw isr-lyK hY ‘mhlw 5’ [ hW, AsW ieh zrUr l`Bxw hY ik ‘mhlw 5’ dy isrlyK vwly ieh Sbd siqgurU jI ny DMny, sUrdws, kbIr Aqy &rId jI dy nwm hyT ikauN aucwry [

AYs vyly AsI DMny Bgq dI Twkur-pUjw qy ivcwr kr rhy hW, qy pihlW aus Sbd ƒ lvWgy ijs dw isr-lyK hY ‘mhlw 5’, pr A^Ir ivc nwm DMny dw hY [

mhlw 5 ] goibMd goibMd goibMd sMig nwmdyau mnu lIxw ] AwF dwm ko CIpro, hoieE lwKIxw ]1]rhwau] bunnw qnnw iqAwig kY, pRIiq crn kbIrw ] nIc kulw jolwhrw, BieE gunIX ghIrw ]1] rivdwsu FuvMqw For nIiq, iqin@ iqAwgI mwieAw ] prgtu hoAw swD sMig, hir drsnu pwieAw ]2] sYnu nweI buqkwrIAw, Ehu Gir Gir suinAw ] ihrdy visAw pwrbRhmu, Bgqw mih ginAw ]3] ieh ibiD suin kY jwtro, auiT BgqI lwgw ] imly pRqiK gusweIAw, DMnw vfBwgw ]4]2]

ieh Sbd ieQy ikauN?

ies qoN pihly Sbd ivc Bgq DMnw jI AwpxI zbwnoN AwKdy hn ik mYƒ gurU ny nwm-Dn id`qw hY, sMqW dI sMgiq ivc mYƒ DrxIDr pRBU l`Bw hY [ pr suAwrQI lokW ny Awpxw Dwrimk jUlw AM\wx lokW dy moFy qy pweI r`Kx vwsqy ieh khwxI clw id`qw ik DMny ny iek bRwhmx qoN iek Twkur lY ky aus dI pUjw kIqI; qW hI aus ƒ prmwqmw imilAw [ ies BulyKy ƒ dUr krn leI qy DMnw jI dy Sbd dI A^IrlI quk ƒ cMgI qrHW is`KW dy swhmxy spSt krn leI gurU Arjn swihb ny Aglw Sbd aucwr ky drj kIqw [ ieh Sbd DMny Bgq nwl sMbMD r`Kdw hY [ so, nwm BI DMny dw hI r`iKAw hY, ijvyN AsI ipCly 15 pRmwxW ivc vyK Awey hW [

DMnw jI nwl kIh sMbMD hY:

auh sMbMD kIh hY?—ieh l`Bx vwsqy Sbd dy cOQy bMd dI pihlI quk ghu nwl pVHo, ‘ieh ibiD suin kY jwtro, auiT BgqI lwgw’ [ kIh sux ky? ies pRSn dw au~qr pwTkW ƒ Sbd dw hryk bMd pVHn qy imlygw [ so, hryk bMd pVH ky ‘ieh ibiD’ vwlI quk nwl rlwE [ DMny ny nwmdyv dI soBw suxI, kbIr dw hwl suixAw, rivdws dI crcw suxI, qy sYx nweI dw au~cw mrwqbw suixAw [ ieh sux ky aus dy mn ivc BI BgqI krn dw cwau pYdw hoieAw [ ies Sbd ƒ jwx-buJ ky DMny Bgq dI bwxI ivc drj krn qoN sw& swbq huMdw hY ik aus vyly qk DMny Bgq dI BgqI bwry AM\wx lokW ivc suAwrQI mUrqI-pUj pMifq lokW ny mn-GVq khwxIAW aufweIAW hoeIAW sn, qy siqgurU jI ny ies Sbd dI rwhIN zordwr qrdId kIqI hY [

suK`lw rsqw:

jy AsW gurU gRMQ swihb dI bwxI qoN shI rwh l`Bxw hY, qW lokW dIAW ilKIAW swKIAW ƒ rlw ky Sbd dy ArQ krn dy QW is`Dw Sbd dw hI Awsrw ilAw krIey, nhIN qW bhuq vwrI tplw l`g skdw hY [ jy DMny Bgq ny p`Qr pUj ky r`b l`Bw huMdw, qW ies dw Bwv ieh inkldw ik p`Qr pUj ky r`b ƒ imlx vwly dI bwxI drj kr ky gurU Arjn swihb ies AsUl ƒ prvwn kr bYTy hn ik p`Qr pUijAW r`b iml skdw hY [ pr, auhnW dw Awpxw hukm ieauN hY:

ijsu pwhx kau Twkuru khqw ] Ehu pwhxu lY aus kau fubqw ] gunhgwr lUxhrwmI ] pwhx nwv n pwrigrwmI ]3]3]9]   sUhI mhlw 5 ]

au~dm dI sWJ:

Bgq rivdws, jY dyv, byxI Aqy &rId jI dI bwxI dw sRI gurU nwnk swihb jI dI bwxI nwl twkrw kr ky AsI vyK cuky hW ik iehnW BgqW dI swrI bwxI gurU nwnk dyv jI Awp ‘audwsIAW’ smy lY ky Awey sn [ Bwrq dy v`Ko-v`Kry ielwikAW ivc ieh Bgq aus Dwrimk ZulwmI dw jUlw auqwrn dI koSS kr rhy sn jo sdIAW qoN bRwhmx ny SUdrW dy moFy au~qy pwieAw hoieAw sI [ ieauN jwpdw hY ijvyN siqgurU nwnk dyv jI, ie`k qW, Awpxy i^AwlW dw swry Bwrq ivc prcwr krn leI lµmy pYNfy Jwgdy rhy, dUjy, iehnW BgqW dy SrDwlUAW nwl iml ky qy iehnW dI bwxI iek`TI kr ky ies Dwrimk A`iqAwcwr dy twkry qy iek qkVw sWJw morcw kwiem krn dI iqAwrI kr rhy sn [

rwjsQwn iv`coN dI:

ies ivc koeI S`k nhIN ik pihlI ‘audwsI’ qoN muVdI vwrI siqgurU jI Dur d`Kx qoN p`CmI smuMdrI kMFy dy nwl nwl somnwQ duAwrkw qoN huMdy hoey rwjpUqwny dy iv`coN dI lµG ky mQurw kurUCyqR vl Awey sn [ Bgq DMnw jI sMn 1415 ivc iesy ielwky ivc jMmy [ siqgurU jI ie`QoN 1513 dy krIb lµGy [ koeI Ajb g`l nhIN ik DMnw jI qdoN ijaUNdy hI hox, qdoN auhnW dI aumr 98 swl dI ho skdI sI [ jy srIrk qOr qy myl nwh BI hoieAw hovy, qW BI ies ivc koeI S`k nhIN ik Bgq jI dI bwxI gurU nwnk dyv jI ny hI ilAWdI, ikauNik ieh kMm auhI kr rhy sn [

Dwrimk au~cqw kwiem rKx dy jqn:

ieh iek AjIb suAwdlI g`l hY ik Bgq jI bwry Twkur-pUjw dI GVI hoeI khwxI dI qrdId gurU Arjn swihb ny kIqI hY, gurU nwnk swihb ny Awpxy iksy Sbd ivc ies g`l ƒ nhIN CyiVAw [ pr ieh koeI guMJl dI g`l nhIN hY [ DMny Bgq dy jIaUNidAW ieh khwxI mShUr nhIN kIqI jw skdI sI, ies dI qrdId krn leI Bgq Awp mOjUd sI, aus dy dyhWq qoN ipCoN kw&I swl aufIkx dI loV sI [ swry Bwrq ivc bRwhmx dy Dwrimk A`iqAwcwr dy ivru`D Awvwz auTweI jw rhI sI, sdIAW qoN pYrW hyT lqwVIAW jwqIAW ivcoN hI dlyr mrd pYdw ho rhy sn, ikqy ikqy s`c dy AwiSk bRwhmx BI iehnW dI hwmI Brn l`g pey sn [ ijnHW dw rsUK ^qry ivc pY irhw sI, auh Avysly nhIN sn; auh Awpxw mOkw qwV rhy sn [ so, iehnW mrd sUrimAW dy dyhWq qoN ip`CoN hryk ƒ iksy nw iksy bRwhmx dw cylw prgt kIqw igAw, qy iksy n iksy mUrqI dw pujwrI d`isAw igAw [ ieauN jwpdw hY ik DMny Bgq dy Twkur-pUj hox dI khwxI gurU Arjn swihb dy smy mShUr kIqI geI, ijs dI purzor qrdId auhnW DMny dy Awpxy bcnW dy hvwlw dy ky kr id`qI [ pr Ajb rMg hn krqwr dy! gurU Arjn swihb dy Awpxy nwm-lyvw is`K auhnW dy Sbd qoN ienkwrI ho rhy hn, hwlW ik l&z ‘mhlw 5’ sw& ilKy pey hn [ is`K ƒ ieh g`l kdy Bu`lxI nhIN cwhIdI ik guAwcdy rsU^ ƒ muV kwiem krn dw jqn krn vwly dI hI ieh cwl sI ik ijs gurU nwnk dyv jI ƒ jnyaU puAwieAw, ijs ny siqgurU jI dI mwipAW dw srwD krwieAw, ijs ny kySo pMifq ƒ gurU Amrdws jI dw prohq bxw id`qw qy ijs ny gurU goibMd isMG jI ƒ dyvI-pUj ilKvw id`qw [ is`K-ieiqhws ivc hor BI gu`JIAW cotW lvw id`qIAW, ijnHW ƒ ivcwrn leI Ajy qk is`K ivdvwnW ƒ vyhl nhIN imlI jW loV nhIN jwpI [

ADUrw-pn dI dlIl bwry:

jo s`jx ieh AwK rhy hn ik DMny Bgq vwlw Sbd gurU Arjn swihb ƒ ADUrw imilAw sI, auhnW guMm hoeIAW qukW Awp ilK ky isr-lyK vjoN ‘mhlw 5’ ilK id`qw, auhnW leI kbIr jI dy gauVI rwg dy Sbd nµ: 14 dw isr-lyK kwPI shwiek hovygw: “gauVI kbIr jI kI, nwl rlwie iliKAw mhlw 5” [ iesy qrHW jy DMny Bgq dy Sbd ivc BI koeI qukW gurU Arjn swihb dIAW huMdIAW, qW isr-lyK inrw ‘mhlw 5’ nwh huMdw [ so, Sbd ‘goibMd goibMd goibMd sMig’ inrol gurU Arjn swihb dw hY [

nwil rlwie iliKAw ‘m: 5’ dw nvW Bwv:

jo s`jx ies i^Awl dy hn ik DMny jI dw ieh Sbd ADUrI Skl ivc siqgurU Arjn dyv jI ƒ imilAw sI, auh ieh dlIl BI dyNdy hn ik ie`Qy isr-lyK ‘mhlw 5’ dw Bwv hY ‘nwil rlwie iliKAw mhlw 5’ [ auh kihMdy hn ik BgqW dy SbdW jW SlokW ivc ij`Qy ikQy BI isr-lyK ‘mhlw 5’ hY, auQy hr QW iehI Bwv lYxw hY ‘nwil rlwie iliKAw mhlw 5’ [

ieh nvW Bwv isry nhIN cVH skdw:

pr ie`Qy iek hor pRSn auTdw hY—kbIr jI dy gauVI rwg vwly ijs Sbd nwl ‘nwil rlwie iliKAw mhlw 5’ dw isrlyK hY, kI auh Sbd ADUrw sI? jy ADUrw sI, qW iks QW qoN ADUrw sI? kI aus Sbd ivcoN koeI l&z rih gey hoey sn, jW koeI qukW rih geIAW hoeIAW sn? auh kyhVy l&z sn, auh kyhVIAW qukW sn jo gurU Arjn swihb ny Awpxy v`loN drj kr id`qy sn? jyhVy 15 SlokW dy pRmwx au~pr id`qy gey hn, kI iehnW ivcoN koeI l&zW rih gey sn jo gurU Arjn swihb ny Awpxy pwsoN pw ky iehnW dw isr-lyK ‘mhlw 5’ ilK id`qw sI? auh kyhVy kyhVy l&z hn jo siqgurU jI ny Awpxy v`loN pwey hn?

Asl Sbd ƒ pVHo:

ies guMJl dw h`l lBx vwsqy gauVI rwg vwly aus Asl Sbd ƒ ghu nwl pVHIey qy ivcwrIey:

gauVI kbIr jI kI nwil rlwie iliKAw mhlw 5 ]

AYso Acrju dyiKE kbIr ] diD kY BolY ibrolY nIru ]1]rhwau] hrI AMgUrI gdhw crY ] inq auiT hwsY hIgY mrY ]1] mwqw BYsw AMmuhw jwie ] kuid kuid crY rswqil pwie ]2] khu kbIr prgtu BeI Kyf ] lyly kau cUGY inq Byf ]3] rwm rmq miq prgtI AweI ] khu kbIr guir soJI pweI ]4]1]14]

isrlyK kIh d`sdw hY?

ies Sbd dw isr-lyK d`sdw hY ik ieh iek`ly kbIr jI dw nhIN hY [ ies ivc gurU Arjn swihb jI dw BI ih`sw hY [ hux AsW vyKxw hY ik siqgurU jI dw ih`sw kyhVw hY [

kbIr jI dw ih`sw:

qIjy bMd ivc (‘khu kbIr prgt BeI Kyf’) kbIr jI dw nwm AwauNdw hY, qy ie`Qy auh Awpxw mzmUn mukw dyNdy hn [ SurU ivc ilKdy hn ik jgq ivc iek AjIb qmwSw ho irhw hY—jIv dhIN dy BulyKy pwxI irVk irhw hY, Bwv, ivArQ qy ault kMm kr irhw hY ijs ivcoN koeI lwB nhIN hoxw [ lwB vwlw kMm qW ieh hY, ijvyN is`K roz Ardws krdw hY ‘mn nIvW, miq au~cI, miq kw rwKw vwihgurU’, Bwv, vwihgurU dy ismrn ivc juVI rhy buDI, qy ieho ijhI bu`DI dy ADIn rhy mn [ pr kbIr jI kihMdy hn ik jgq ivc aultI Kyf ho rhI hY, bu`DI mn ƒ cuMGdI iPrdI hY, bu`DI ivcwrI mn dy ipCy lgI iPrdI hY [ lokW ƒ ies qmwSy dI smJ hI nhIN Aw rhI [ kbIr jI ny ieh qmwSw smJ ilAw hY [

gurU Arjn swihb dw ih`sw:

pr, kbIr jI ny ieh ijkr nhIN kIqw ik ies qmwSy dI smJ auhnW ƒ ikvyN AweI hY, qy hor lokW ƒ BI ikvyN Aw skdI hY [ ies GuMfI ƒ KolHx leI gurU Arjn swihb ny A^Irlw bMd nµ: 4 Awpxy vloN ilK ky nwl rlw id`qw hY [

vwDU AMk ikauN?

AMk nµ: 4 dy A`gy AMk nµ: 1 BI ies Sbd dw ieh AnoKwpn d`sx vwsqy hI hY [ kbIr jI dy ieh swry 35 Sbd hn [ hryk dI A^IrlI igxqI ghu nwl vyKo [ iehnW 35 SbdW ivc iehI Sbd hY ijs ivc ieh vwDU AMk AwieAw hY [

rlwie ilKx dI loV:

AsW vyiKAw hY ik gauVI rwg vwly kbIr dy Sbd ivcoN koeI l&z imty hoey nhIN sn, jyhVy gurU Arjn swihb ƒ Awpxy vloN rlwx dI loV peI [ ieQy qW iek ^ws i^Awl ƒ spSt krnw sI jo kbIr jI ny nhIN kIqw sI [

rlweI quk ivc BI ‘kbIr’

siqgurU jI ny AwpxI rlweI quk ivc BI l&z ‘kbIr’ hI vriqAw hY ikauNik auh kbIr jI dy Sbd dy prQwie ilK rhy hn [

iehI ksv`tI vrqo:

hux dlIl dI iehI ksv`tI vrqIey aus Sbd bwry ijs dw izkr ies mzmUn ivc c`l irhw hY qy ijs dI pihlI quk hY ‘goibMd goibMd goibMd sMig’ [

ieh Sbd ivc auh ikhVw i^Awl hY jo DMny jI ny gupq rihx id`qw sI, Kohl ky nhIN smJwieAw sI qy gurU Arjn swihb ny smJw id`qw hY? kbIr jI vwly Sbd ivc vyK Awey hW ik siqgurU Arjn dyv jI dI rlweI hoeI quk kbIr jI dy Sbd dy A^Ir qy hY [ kudrqI qOr qy BI A^Ir qy hI ilK skdy hn [ hux d`so ik DMny jI dy Sbd dI kyhVI A^IrlI quk siqgur jI dI hY qy auh kyhVy gupq r`Ky gey i^Awl dI ivAwiKAw ivc hY [ jyhVy 15 slokW dw hvwlw ies mzmUn ivc AsW id`qw hY, auhnW ivc BI d`so, kyhVI A^IrlI quk gurU Arjn swihb dI hY, qy Bgq jI dy iks rhy-i^Awl dI ivAwiKAw ivc hY [ ies dw au~qr koeI nhIN hY [ qW qy ieh i^Awl Zlq hY ik DMny jI dy ies Sbd ivc gurU Arjn swihb ny Awpxy vloN koeI qukW pweIAW hn [

isrlyK dw Bwv sw& hY

auhnW dw isrlyK ‘mhlw 5’ sw& qy swdw hY [ ijs dw Bwv BI sw& hY ik ieh Sbd gurU Arjn swihb dw Awpxw hY [ ikauN iliKAw? DMny jI dy pihly ilKy Sbd dI A^IrlI quk dI ivAwiKAw ivc ik:

DMnY Dnu pwieAw DrxI Dru imil jn sMq smwinAw ]

rwg BYrau vwlw Sbd:

hux AsI gurU Arjn swihb jI dw auh Sbd lYNdy hW jo auhnW rwg BYrau ivc iliKAw hY qy Awpxy hI Sbd dy sMgRh ivc drj kIqw hY, pr aus dy A^Ir qy l&z ‘nwnk’ dy QW ‘kbIr’ vriqAw hY [

BYrau mhlw 5 ]

vrq n rhau n mh rmdwnw ] iqsu syvI jo rKY indwnw ]1] eyku gusweI Alhu myrw ] ihMdU qurk duhW nybyrw ]1]rhwau] hj kwbY jwau n qIrQ pUjw ] eyko syvI Avru n dUjw ]2] pUjw krau n invwj gujwrau ] eyk inrMkwr ly irdY nmskwrau ]3] nw hm ihMdU n muslmwn ] Alh rwm ky ipMfu prwn ]4] khu kbIr iehu kIAw vKwnw ] gur pIr imil Kuid Ksmu pCwnw ]5]3]

AnoKI g`l

1430 s&y vwlI ‘bIV’ dy s&w nµ: 1136 qoN lY ky s&w 1153 qk ku`l 57 Sbd hn, ijnHW ivcoN hryk dy SurU ivc isr-lyK ‘BYrau mhlw 5’ hY [ ijs au~pr-ilKy Sbd auqy AsI ivcwr krn l`gy hW ieh ies ‘sMgRh’ dw qIjw Sbd hY [ hor sB SbdW dy A^Ir ivc krqy dw nwm ‘nwnk’ iliKAw hoieAw hY, pr ieh qIjy Sbd ivc nwm ‘kbIr’ hY [

g`l BulyKy vwlI nhIN:

cUMik bwkI dy 56 SbdW vWg ies qIjy Sbd dw isr-lyK BI ‘BYrau mhlw 5’ hY, ies dw is`Dw p`Drw Bwv iehI hY ik ieh Sbd gurU Arjn jI dw Awpxw hI hY [

jy ies isr-lyK dw Bwv ieh mMnIey ik Asl ivc ieh hY ‘nwil rlwie iliKAw mhlw 5’, qW svwl au~Tdw hY ik auh kyhVIAW qukW hn jo gurU Arjn swihb ny kbIr dy Sbd nwl rlwie ky ilKIAW hn [ iPr, jy ieh Bgq kbIr jI dw hI Sbd qy gurU Arjn swihb jI dIAW ies ivc koeI iek do qukW hI sn, qW ieh Sbd Bgq jI dI bwxI ivc AwauNdw qy ies dw isr-lyK BI spSt huMdw ijs qoN iksy BulyKy dI sMBwvnw nwh bxdI [ kbIr jI dy gauVI rwg vwly Sbd nµ: 14 ivc qW AsI vyK Awey hW ik isr& A^Irlw bMd nµ: 4 gurU Arjn swihb dw hY, AsI ieh BI smJ cuky hW ik ieh bMd siqgurU jI ny ikauN Awpxy vloN iliKAw pr BYrau rwg dy mOjUdw qIjy Sbd ivc ieh inrxw AsMBv hY [ AsI koeI AYsI h`d-bMdI nhIN kr skdy, ij`Qy ieh kih skIey ik ie`QoN qk Sbd kbIr jI dw hY qy ies qoN AgWh siqgurU jI dw [

A^Ir qy l&z ‘kbIr’ ikauN?:

pr iPr ies dy A^Ir qy l&z ‘kbIr’ ikauN hY? ies dw au~qr iblkul sw& qy swdw hI hY ik gurU Arjn swihb ny ieh Sbd kbIr jI dy iksy Sbd dy prQwie iliKAw hY, kbIr dy iksy kuJ gu`Jy rhy i^Awl dI ies ivc ivAwiKAw kIqI hY [

iks Sbd prQwie?

pr iPr kbIr jI dw auh ikhVw Sbd hY? qy aus Sbd dy nwl hI ies Sbd ƒ ikauN drj nw kIqw igAw?

iesy hI BYrau rwg ivc kbIr jI dI bwxI pVH ky vyKo, Sbd nµ: 7:

aulit jwiq kul doaU ibswrI ] suMn shj mih bunq hmwrI ]1] hmrw Jgrw rhw n koaU ] pMifq mulW Cwfy doaU ]1]rhwau] buin buin Awp Awpu pihrwvau ] jh nhI Awpu qhw hoie gwvau ]2] pMifq mulW jo iliK dIAw ] Cwif cly hm kCU n lIAw ]3] irdY ieKlwsu inrK ly mIrw ] Awpu Koij Koij imly kbIrw ]4]7]

ies Sbd dI ivAwiKAw ivc:

ies Sbd dI ‘rhwau’ dI quk pVHn vyly pwTk ƒ pihlW ieh i^Awl pYdw huMdw hY ik ‘pMifq mulW’ C`fx dw Bwv cMgI qrHW sw& nhIN hoieAw [ bMd nµ: 1 Aqy bMd nµ: 2 BI pihlW bhuqI shYqw nhIN krdy [ pr bMd nµ: 3 ivc jw ky ieh guMJl kuJ ku h`l ho jWdI hY ik pMifqW dy d`sy krm kWf Aqy mOlvIAW dI d`sI Srh dw kbIr jI izkr kr rhy hn [ auN\ koeI AYsI rmz dI g`l ie`Qy nhIN, ijs ƒ smJx l`igAW koeI BulyKw pY jwey qy koeI ault-pult g`l smJI jwey [ so, ies dI ivAwiKAw vwsqy gurU Arjn swihb ny ie`Qy ies Sbd dy nwl hI koeI Awpxw Sbd drj krnw zrUrI nhIN smiJAw [ pr ies Sbd dI KulHI ivAwiKAw siqgurU jI ny kr zrUr id`qI hY, Aqy auh Sbd BYrau rwg ivc hI Awpxy SbdW dy sMgRh ivc nµbr 3 auqy drj kr id`qw hY—‘vrq n rhau n mh rmdwnw’ [ cUMik auh Sbd inrol kbIr jI dy Sbd dI ivAwiKAw vwsqy hY, ies leI aus ivc A^Ir qy kbIr jI dw hI nwm auhnW id`qw hY [ pwTk s`jx iehnW dohW SbdW ƒ rlw ky pVH vyKx [

BYrau ivc hI iek hor Sbd:

iesy hI rwg BYrau ivc kbIr dy SbdW dy sMgRh dy nµbr 12 qy jyhVw Sbd siqgurU Arjn swihb ny Awpxy v`loN drj kIqw hY, auh qW Aswfy i^Awl ƒ iblkul sw& qOr qy p`kw kr dyNdw hY [ ieh Sbd hU-b-hU ausy qrIky nwl drj kIqw igAw hY, ijvyN Awsw rwg ivc ‘goibMd goibMd goibMd sMig’ hY [ ieh Sbd ieauN hY:

jo pwQr kau khqy dyv ] qw kI ibrQw hovY syv ] jo pwQr kI pWeI pwie ] iqs kI Gwl AwjWeI jwie ]1] Twkuru hmrw sd bolµqw ] srb jIAw kau pRBu dwnu dyqw ]1]rhwau]......

khq kbIr hau khau pukwir ] smiJ dyKu swkq  gwvwr ] dUjY Bwie bhuqu Gr gwly ] rwm Bgq hY sdw suKwly ]4]4]12]

ie`Qy BI isr-lyK ‘mhlw 5’ d`sdw hY ik ieh Sbd gurU Arjn swihb jI dw inrol Awpxw aucwirAw hoieAw hY [

ies Sbd dI ieQy kI loV peI:

ieh g`l smJx vwsqy ies qoN pihlW kbIr jI dw Sbd nµ: 11 ghu nwl pVH ky vyKo [ Awp ilKdy hn:

so mulW jo mn isau lrY ] gur aupdyis kwl isau jurY ] kwl purK kw mrdY mwnu ] iqsu mulw kau sdw slwmu ]1] hY hjUir kq dUir bqwvhu ] duMdr bwDhu suMdr pwvhu ]1]rhwau] kwjI so ju kwieAw bIcwrY ] kwieAw kI Agin bRhmu prjwrY ] supnY ibMd n dyeI Jrnw ] iqsu kwjI kau jrw n mrnw ]2] so surqwnu ju duie sr qwnY ] bwhir jwqw BIqir AwnY ] ggn mMfl mih lskru krY ] so surqwnu CqRü isir DrY ] jogI gorKu gorKu krY ] ihMdU rwm nwmu aucrY ] muslmwn kw eyku Kudwie ] kbIr kw suAwmI rihAw smwie ]4]3]11]

BulyKy dI guMjYS dUr krn leI:

ies swry Sbd ivc mu`lW kwjI Awidk dw izkr hY [ ijho ijhw Asl mu`lW qy kwzI hoxw cwhIdw hY; aus dw iDAwn Awpxy i^Awl Anuswr kr rhy hn [ A^Irly bMd nµ: 4 ivc ihMdU dw ieSwry-mwqR izkr hY, iliKAw hY ‘ihMdU rwm nwmu aucrY’ [ i^Awl ƒ cMgI qrHW KohilAw nhIN hY [ BwvyN kbIr jI ny A^IrlI quk ivc Awpxw AwSw prgt kr id`qw hY ‘kbIr kw suAwmI, rihAw smwie’, pr AM\wx pwTk  ƒ BulyKw pY skdw hY [ ies BulyKy dI guMjYS ƒ dUr krn leI siqgurU Arjn dyv jI ny Agly Awpxy Sbd ivc sw& ilK id`qw hY ik aus quk ‘ihMdU rwm nwmu aucrY’ ivc kbIr jI dw Bwv ‘rwm cMdr jI dI mUrqI’ qoN hY, qy iksy iek mUrqI ivc r`b ƒ bYTw imQ lYxw Bu`l hY [

gurU Arjn swihb ny BI Awpxy Sbd dy A^Irly bMd ivc l&z ‘rwm’ hI vriqAw hY ‘rwm Bgq hY sdw suKwly’ [ kbIr jI ny BI ‘ihMdU rwm nwmu aucrY’ ivc l&z rwm hI vriqAw hY [ pr siqgurU jI ny ‘kbIr kw suAwmI rihAw smwie’ ivc ieSwry-mwqR d`sI g`l ƒ Awpxy Sbd nµ: 12 ivc ivsQwr nwl smJw id`qw hY [ kbIr jI dy Sbd nµ: 11 dy A^Irly bMd dw ArQ hY—jogI (pRBU ƒ ivswr ky) gorK gorK AwKdw hY [ ihMdU (sRI rwm cMdR jI dI mUrqI ivc hI imQy hoey) rwm dw nwm aucwrdw hY [ muslmwn ny (sqvyN Awsmwn ivc bYTw hoieAw) inrw Awpxw (muslmwnW dw hI) r`b mMn ilAw hY [ pr myrw kbIr dw pRBU Eh hY jo sB ivc ivAwpk hY (qy sB dw sWJw hY) [

hux gurU Arjn swihb dy Sbd ƒ kbIr jI dy Sbd nµ: 11 dy swhmxy r`K ky pVH vyKo [ siqgurU jI ny Awpxy Sbd ivc l&z ‘kbIr’ vriqAw hY, ikauNik ieh Sbd kbIr jI dy Sbd nµ: 11 dy prQwie hY [

l&z ‘nwnk’ dy QW ‘DMnw’

iesy qrHW Awsw rwg dw Sbd ‘goibMd goibMd goibMd sMig’ siqgurU Arjn swihb dw inrol Awpxw hY [ cUMik ieh DMnw Bgq jI dy pihly Sbd dy prQwie hY, ‘DMnY Dnu pwieAw DrxIDru imil jn sMq smwinAw’ dI ivAwiKAw ivc hY, ies leI siqgurU jI Awpxy Sbd ivc l&z ‘nwnk’ dy QW l&z ‘DMnw’ vrqdy hn [

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Sri Guru Granth Darpan, by Professor Sahib Singh